CoverAcknowledgements IntroductionPERMAExperiencing GratitudeExperiencing Gratitude - Novice HighExperiencing Gratitude - Intermediate MidResilienceResilience - Novice HighResilience - Intermediate MidActive Constructive RespondingActive Constructive Responding - Novice HighActive Constructive Responding - Intermediate MidServiceService - Novice High Service - Intermediate MidGoalsGoals - Novice HighGoals - Intermediate MidExpressing GratitudeExpressing Gratitude - Novice HighExpressing Gratitude - Intermediate MidPerseverancePerseverance - Novice HighPerseverance - Intermediate MidKindnessKindness - Novice HighKindness - Intermediate MidVolunteerismVolunteerism - Novice HighVolunteerism - Intermediate MidHopeHope - Novice HighHope - Intermediate MidCharacter StrengthsOverviewOverview on Character Strengths - Novice HighOverview on Character Strengths - Intermediate MidAppreciation of Beauty and ExcellenceAppreciation of Beauty and Excellence - Novice HighAppreciation of Beauty and Excellence - Intermediate MidTeamworkTeamwork - Novice HighTeamwork - Intermediate MidLove of LearningLove of Learning - Novice HighLove of Learning - Intermediate MidKindnessKindness - Novice HighKindness - Intermediate MidHonestyHonesty - Novice HighHonesty - Intermediate MidSelf-RegulationSelf-Regulation - Novice HighSelf-Regulation - Intermediate MidCuriosityCuriosity - Novice HighCuriosity - Intermediate MidSpiritualitySpirituality - Novice HighSpirituality - Intermediate MidCreativityCreativity - Novice HighCreativity - Intermediate MidMindfulnessOverviewOverview - Novice HighOverview - Intermediate MidMindful PeopleMindful People - Novice HighMindful People - Intermediate MidGrieving MindfullyGrieving Mindfully - Novice HighGrieving Mindfully - Intermediate MidPerfectionismPerfectionism - Novice HighPerfectionism - Intermediate MidThe Five SensesThe Five Senses - Novice HighThe Five Senses - Intermediate MidConnecting to the PastConnecting to the Past - Novice HighConnecting to the Past - Intermediate MidSelf-CompassionSelf-Compassion - Novice HighSelf-Compassion - Intermediate MidPerspectivePerspective - Novice HighPerspective - Intermediate MidHandling Strong EmotionsHandling Strong Emotions - Novice HighHandling Strong Emotions - Intermediate MidMindful RelationshipsMindful Relationships - Novice HighMindful Relationships - Intermediate MidMindful LearningMindful Learning - Novice HighMindful Learning - Intermediate MidCultural MindfulnessCultural Mindfulness - Novice HighCultural Mindfulness - Intermediate MidSelective AttentionSelective Attention - Novice HighSelective Attention - Intermediate MidAnnotated Bibliography

PERMA

The modern positive psychology movement began in the late 1990s.   Dr. Martin Seligman, who was at the time president of the American psychiatric association, felt that the current field of psychology was too focused on diagnosing and treating psychological disorders and getting patients back to “normal”.   Seligman decided to explore the roots of wellness and optimal functioning. Instead of focusing primarily on “What is wrong with you?” positive psychology chooses to focus not just on the absence of misery, but on character strengths and factors that lead to well-being and optimal happiness. In other words, “What is right with you?”.  

In his book, Flourish, Dr. Seligman introduced the acronym PERMA to reflect 5 elements of well-being. 

Here is a video of Dr. Seligman discussing PERMA: 



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