Your conclusion paragraph should logically conclude your essay, just like your concluding sentences logically conclude your body paragraphs. The conclusion paragraph should begin by restating your thesis, and then you should broaden back out to a general topic. End with a closing statement. This paragraph looks like the reverse of your introduction paragraph, going from specific to general.
Restate your thesis
The first sentence of your conclusion paragraph should restate your thesis. A restated thesis expresses the same idea, but the words are different. Remember that the meaning of your thesis should not change. Compare the thesis with the restatement below.
Thesis: Exercise is essential because it improves overall physical and mental health.
Restated: Due to the mental and physical health benefits of exercise, it is absolutely crucial for our bodies.
You can restate your thesis by
—changing the order of the phrases
—using synonyms (e.g., essential > crucial)
—stating main points direcly instead of implying them (or vice versa)
—using different word forms (e.g., adjective > noun)
Exercise: Identify effective restated thesis statements
Exercise: Restate a thesis.
On a piece of paper, rewrite each thesis statement as you would at the beginning of a conclusion paragraph.
- In order for students to manage stress better, they need to prioritize their tasks, eat well, and get enough sleep.
- Even though Salt Lake City and Madrid may seem similar based on climate, their major religions, language, and food are distinct.
- Business owners need to make decisions that satisfy employees, customers, and investors.
- Increasing your vocabulary is easy if you try to notice new words in context, review them often, and use them as much as you can.
Apply your thesis to general contexts
Connect your thesis back to the general topics you mentioned in your introduction.
Give a closing statement
Your closing statement is very similar to the concluding sentence of a body paragraph except that you will not restate your main idea at the very end of your paper. Your last sentences can be a prediction, suggestion, opinion, or question.
Exercise: Write a conclusion paragraph.
Read the introduction paragraph and then finish writing the conclusion paragraph on a piece of paper.
Prompt: Describe how to write an essay.
Many writers feel overwhelmed when they write an essay. They are unsure of where to start or how to be successful. However, the process is very basic. There are simple steps that can simplify the process and make writing a good essay possible for anyone. In order to write an impactful essay, it is essential that writers plan, draft, and share their writing.
Exercise: Identify types of paragraphs.
Exercise: Analyze an essay
Read one of the following example essays on the following pages to complete this exercise.
- Label the introduction paragraph, the body paragraphs, and the conclusion paragraph.
- Circle the hook.
- What is the general topic of the essay?
- Underline the thesis.
- Underline each of the topic sentences.
- Do each of the topic sentences support the thesis?
- Does the conclusion paragraph start by restating the thesis?
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