ObjectivesThe Writing ProcessPrewritingWritingRevisingOriginalityIntroduction to Academic EssaysStyleShapeOrganizationIntroduction ParagraphsBody ParagraphsConclusion ParagraphsExample Essay 1Example Essay 2Process EssaysProcess Essay Example #1Process Essay Example #2PrewritingWritingRevisingRevise A Process EssayComparison EssaysComparison Essay Example #1Comparison Essay Example #2PrewritingWritingRevisingRevise A Comparison EssayProblem/Solution EssaysProblem/Solution Essay Example #1Problem/Solution Example Essay #2PrewritingWritingRevisingRevise A Problem/Solution EssayRefining WritingDevelopmentUnityCohesionWriting A SummaryTOEFL WritingTOEFL Integrated WritingTOEFL Independent WritingPunctuationUsing Academic VocabularyGlossaryAnswer KeyThe Writing Process AKIntroduction to Academic Essays AK

Using Academic Vocabulary

At a minimum, you need to know the meaning, the part of speech, and the collocates.

Meaning

Make sure you know what words mean. Sometimes when you use words incorrectly, it is because you don’t fully understand what it means.

Part of Speech

You also need to know what part of speech it is.

A noun...  
  ...is a person, place, thing, or idea.
  ...can be described with adjectives.
   ...frequently follows determiners.
  *common suffixes include “sion/tion” (condition); “ance/ence” (difference); “ment” (development); “ity” (activity)
A verb... ...is a word that shows action.
  ...can be described with adverbs.
  ...follows subjects (or comes before objects).
  ...can be changed to show past or future tense.
  *common suffixes include “ate” (indicate); “ize” (recognize); “ify” (identify)
An adjective...  
  ...is a word that describes a noun.
   ...usually comes before a noun or after a verb like BE.
   *common suffixes include “ive” (effective); “ful” (useful); “ic” (specific)
An adverb...  
   ...is a word that describes verbs, adjectives, and sentences.
   ...can be in many different places in a sentence.

Collocations

A collocate is a word that is frequently used with another word. Sometimes when you use academic vocabulary, your teacher will tell you that you have a “word choice” error or your roommate may tell you that it “sounds funny.” That is often because you used a word that is not a collocate. You should memorize a couple of collocates with each new word you learn. You can find lists of collocates on the LEAP dashboard, wordandphrase.info, in collocation dictionaries, and in your LEAP vocabulary packet. Using these lists while you make sentences will help you remember the words in a natural context.

Look at the chart below. You will notice that some words have a noun, verb, adjective, and adverb form that are all a little different. Some words do not. Some words even have the same form for two different parts of speech.

Noun Verb Adjective Adverb
expression express expressive expressively
respect respect respectful respectfully
honesty be honest honest honestly
confidence be confident, have confidence confident confidently

1 Exercise: Identify word forms.

Fill in the word forms that you know. 

Noun Verb Adjective Adverb
      developmental
  support    
sustainability     ---------
    explanatory ---------
      sequentialy
part ---------    
    collective  
  expect    

You need to be careful in your writing to use the correct word form.

2 Exercise: Revise for word form errors.

Find the word form errors. 

       The homework assignment looked easy, but I did not know how to completely it. I asked my study buddy to help me because he is so intelligence. Apparent, he is really good at learning languages, because he is learning three languages at BYU. I know one day he will be famously. I respectful him a lot. 

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