ObjectivesThe Writing ProcessPrewritingWritingRevisingOriginalityIntroduction to Academic EssaysStyleShapeOrganizationIntroduction ParagraphsBody ParagraphsConclusion ParagraphsExample Essay 1Example Essay 2Process EssaysProcess Essay Example #1Process Essay Example #2PrewritingWritingRevisingRevise A Process EssayComparison EssaysComparison Essay Example #1Comparison Essay Example #2PrewritingWritingRevisingRevise A Comparison EssayProblem/Solution EssaysProblem/Solution Essay Example #1Problem/Solution Example Essay #2PrewritingWritingRevisingRevise A Problem/Solution EssayRefining WritingDevelopmentUnityCohesionWriting A SummaryTOEFL WritingTOEFL Integrated WritingTOEFL Independent WritingPunctuationUsing Academic VocabularyGlossaryAnswer KeyThe Writing Process AKIntroduction to Academic Essays AKProcess Essays AKComparison Essays AKProblem/Solution Essays AKRefining Writing AKWriting a Summary AKTOEFL Writing AKPunctuation AKUsing Academic Vocabulary AK


Now that your planning stage is complete, you can begin writing your draft. Your writing should be organized, developed, accurate, and original.

1 Exercise: Write a body paragraph

Remember that a body paragraph has three types of sentences: topic sentences, supporting sentences, and concluding sentences. All of the sentences below belong to a paragraph about applying to a university in the U.S. First label each type of sentence (TS, SS, CS) on the first line provided. Then, put them in a logical sequence by writing a number on the second line provided. 

_____ _____ A. In your investigation, there are many questions you need to ask. 

_____ _____ B. First, you need to make a list of universities that you would like to attend. 

_____ _____ C. Of the universities left on the list, consider which university you like the best 

based on any other personal reasons (location, atmosphere, etc.). 

_____ _____ D. For example, you need to find out what programs they offer, how much they 

cost, and what the entrance requirements are. 

_____ _____ E. Deciding which university you want to apply to is simple, but not easy. 

_____ _____ F. After you have all of the information you need, then cross off any universities 

that don’t match your goals or fit with your situation. 

_____ _____ G. Then, investigate each university on the list. 

_____ _____ H. If you follow these steps, deciding on a university is a simple step in the 

process of applying to a university in the U.S. 

2 Exercise: Write a body paragraph

Choose one of the topic sentences below. On a piece of paper, write a body paragraph using that topic sentence.

  1. Breaking a bad habit starts with identifying the habit that you want to break.
  2. First, you need to decide how much money you want to spend on your vacation.
  3. In order to choose the right diet for you, you need to know what foods you typically eat.

3 Exercise: Complete an introduction paragraph

Use the hook and thesis statement to finish an introduction paragraph. Write your complete paragraph on a piece of paper.

Hook: Cars are a modern convenience that allow for greater independence.

Thesis: Learning how to drive requires practice, learning the driving rules, and knowing how to operate a car.