Your conclusion paragraph should logically conclude your essay, just like your concluding sentences logically conclude your body paragraphs. The conclusion paragraph should begin by restating your thesis, and then you should broaden back out to a general topic. End with a closing statement.
This paragraph looks like the reverse of your introduction paragraph, going from specific to general.
Restate your thesis
The first sentence of your conclusion paragraph should restate your thesis. In order to restate your thesis, remember that the meaning of your thesis should not change, but the words need to. One way you can do this is by reversing the order of the clauses in your thesis. The clauses are also paraphrased, rather than simply copying them and moving them. Compare the thesis with the restatement below.
Thesis: Some of the most impactful inventions of the nineteenth century that changed the way we live were the telephone, the bicycle, and plastic.
Restated Thesis: It is obvious that these three nineteenth-century inventions dramatically changed our lifestyles.
The thesis changed by implying the main points, instead of stating them directly. Even though the words were changed, the overall meaning did not change. Other ways to restate a thesis include reversing the order of the clauses or using different word forms (e.g., adjective to noun: essential>the importance).
EXERCISE: Restate a thesis
Rewrite each thesis statement as you would at the beginning of a conclusion paragraph.
- Rosa Parks was one of the most influential leaders of the Civil Rights movement because of her dignity and bravery.
- Financial problems and miscommunication are two major causes of divorce.
- Governments should prepare for disasters by educating citizens and storing commodities.
Apply your thesis to general contexts
Connect your thesis back to the general topics you mentioned in your introduction.
Give a closing statement
Your closing statement is very similar to the concluding sentence of a body paragraph except that you will not restate your main idea at the very end of your paper. Your closing statement can be a prediction, suggestion, or opinion.