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Quoting

When you quote information, you copy the information exactly as you found it. You need to put the source material in quotation marks and include the in-text citation in parentheses. See the example below.

Example Source

The enormous size, relatively steep submarine slopes, and rapid growth of Hawaiian volcanoes cause them to become gravitationally unstable and collapse. Dozens of giant landslides, some with debris extending more than 200 km from their source, have been recognized along the Hawaiian ridge and around other oceanic volcanoes. These landslides are thought to have produced colossal tsunamis. Thus, landslides from oceanic volcanoes pose a major risk to populations bordering Earth's oceans. By Michael Garcia Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface (published in 2013), page 13

Example: Quote

"Dozens of giant landslides, some with debris extending more than 200 km from their source, have been recognized along the Hawaiian ridge and around other oceanic volcanoes" (Garcia, 2015, p. 13).

You will never just write a quote by itself. When you use a quote, it will be part of a sentence.

Example: Quote in context

In recent years, "dozens of giant landslides, some with debris extending more than 200 km from their source, have been recognized along the Hawaiian ridge and around other oceanic volcanoes" (Garcia, 2015, p. 13). This situation provides excellent opportunities to study the cause of these landslides because they are so frequent.

You may choose a quote over a summary because the quote is already fairly concise and does not need to be condensed.

You may choose a quote over a paraphrase because you see a benefit in preserving the author's original wording.

You should not quote large blocks of text, especially in a short essay.

If you quote only a part of a sentence, you should use three ellipses (...) to show where there is information missing. If you delete more than a sentence in between quoted material, use four ellipses (....)

EXERCISE: Identify a Good Quotation

Use the source information and paragraph below to determine which of the quotations was written correctly. 

Source:

Smithsonian Magazine Online Article 

Author: Nona Tepper 

Date: February 23, 2017 

Title: Could Garbage Fuel Airplanes? 

Website: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/could-garbage-fuel-airplanes-180962261/ 

Paragraph 23 (No headings were used in the article) 

Original: 

“Fulcrum plans to build more plants in Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Denver, Houston and New Jersey by 2022. For now, though, the company is focusing on turning more garbage trucks into its Reno facility, rather than the nearby landfill.” 

  1. One plant in Reno is only the beginning; Fulcrum plans to build more plants in Chicago, San Fransisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Denver, Houston and New Jersey by 2022 (Tepper, 2017, para. 23). This expansion would take the company across the entire country. 
  2. One plant in Reno is only the beginning; “Fulcrum plans to build more plants in Chicago, San Fransisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Denver, Houston and New Jersey by 2022” (Tepper, 2017, p. 23). This expansion would take the company across the entire country. 
  3. One plant in Reno is only the beginning; “Fulcrum plans to build more plants in the United States by 2022” (Tepper, 2017, para. 23). This expansion would take the company across the entire country. 
  4. One plant in Reno is only the beginning; “Fulcrum plans to build more plants in Chicago, San Fransisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Denver, Houston and New Jersey by 2022” (Tepper, 2017, para. 23). This expansion would take the company across the entire country. 
  5. One plant in Reno is only the beginning; “Fulcrum plans to build more plants in Chicago, San Fransisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Denver, Houston and New Jersey by 2022” (N. Tepper, 2017, para. 23). This expansion would take the company across the entire country.