CoverObjectivesThe Writing ProcessAddressing the PromptPrewritingWritingRevisingOriginalityTimed Writing 1Integrated Writing 1Introduction to Academic EssaysEssay Shape and OrganizationIntroduction ParagraphsBody ParagraphsConclusion ParagraphsExample EssayTimed Writing 2Integrated Writing 2Descriptive EssaysExample Descriptive Essay 1Example Descriptive Essay 2PrewritingWriting: Word ChoiceSources: QuotingRevisingRevise: Descriptive EssayComparison EssaysExample Comparison Essay 1Example Comparison Essay 2PrewritingWriting: UnitySources: SummarizingRevisingRevise: Comparison EssayCause-Effect EssaysExample EssayPrewritingWritingParaphrasingRevisingRevise: Cause-Effect EssayRefining WritingDevelopmentCohesionWriting for the TOEFLIntegrated Writing TaskIndependent Writing TaskNuts and BoltsPunctuationUsing Academic VocabularyUsing SourcesFinding SourcesAnswer KeyThe Writing Process AKIntroduction to Academic Essays AKUsing Sources AKCitationsDescriptive Essays AKComparison Essays AKCause-Effect Essays AKRefining Writing AKWriting for the TOEFL AKNuts and Bolts AK

Using Sources AK


  1. Exercise: Identify a good quotation

    1. D


  1. Exercise: Evaluate summaries

    1. Ineffective, overly simplified, the original is a claim ("no visit to the city is complete without...")
    2. Most effective, the main information is here
    3. Effective, this is more of a paraphrase because it includes all of the information and is almost the same length as the original
    4. Ineffective, includes some of the same wording (plagiarism) 
  2. Exercise: Write a summary

    1. Answers will vary, no examples provided


  1. Exercise: Choose the best paraphrase

    1. C
    2. B
    3. B
  2. Exercise: Write a paraphrase

    1. Answers will vary, no examples provided
  3. Exercise: Write a body paragraph with paraphrases

    1. Answers will vary, no examples provided
  4. Exercise: Write a quote, summary or paraphrase

    1. Answers will vary, no examples provided