Compassion is defined by: “awareness of suffering” (in one’s self or others), “caring and tender concern,” a desire to see suffering relieved, and the motivation to take action to reduce suffering (Goldin & Jazaieri, 2017). Compassion has been shown to improve resilience, emotional regulation, mental health, and relationships (Seppala et al., 2017). Compassion expressed by colleagues and school leaders is positively linked with teacher engagement, job satisfaction and a reduction in burnout and stress (Eldor & Shoshani, 2016). Given the benefits of compassion on wellbeing, multiple compassion training programs have been developed in recent years.
The Compassion Cultivation Training (CCT) program, developed at Stanford University, is an eight-week program (one 2-hour weekly lesson) that uses principles of positive psychology, mindfulness, and neuroscience to help trainees better understand and practice compassion daily (Goldin & Jazaieri, 2017). These trainings are available in a live virtual (online) format or can be led by a psychologist with compassion training experience. See the reference section below for information about scheduling these trainings and finding a CCT qualified psychologist near you.
Mindful Schools has developed a self-compassion training program for teachers with the leading scholars in self-compassion research. This is a six-week program, also held in a live virtual format. Unlike the CCT program, this program focuses solely on developing self-compassion and reducing self-criticism, but uses many similar mindfulness-based practices. If a compassion training program is not the most feasible option for your school or district, you could invite employees to participate in a single workshop or lesson on compassion led by a licensed psychologist. You could also incorporate compassion-focused activities or loving-kindness meditations into staff meetings.
The Center for Compassion Focused Therapy (n.d.). Mindful compassion resources. https://edtechbooks.org/-JnbD
Mindful Schools. (n.d.). Self-compassion for educators. https://edtechbooks.org/-nVTy
Houston, E. (March 24, 2022). 12 best compassion training exercises and activities. PositivePsychology.com. https://edtechbooks.org/-KSh
The Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education (CCARE). (n.d.). Global directory for compassion teachers. https://edtechbooks.org/-qDqI
Compassion institute. (n.d.). Find a class. https://edtechbooks.org/-nerr
|Materials:||Training programs (can be costly), compassion-focused meditation resources (such as the ones found here).|
|Duration:||Varies (typically training programs are between 6-8 weeks).|
Does it work?
In one assessment of the CCT program, 100 adults were randomly assigned to the compassion training or a waitlist (Jazaieri et al., 2012). Participants in the compassion training attended eight weekly, 2-hour sessions. Participants were encouraged to engage in 15 minutes of compassion-focused practice daily, often by listening to a loving kindness guided meditation. All training classes were led by an experienced psychologist. Prior to and following the training, all participants (including those in the waitlist group) completed self-report measures of compassion for self and others. Participants who attended the trainings reported significant improvements in feeling compassion for others and self, as well as receiving compassion from others (Jazaieri et al., 2012).
Compassion-focused training has also been assessed for its impact on educator wellbeing. In one study, 155 public school teachers participated and were either assigned to the compassion training or a waitlist control group(Matos et al., 2022). The compassion training program used in this study is an eight-week program, similar to the CCT program, with weekly 2 hour sessions. Participants in the training group reported improvements in compassion for self and others, but also in positive affect and job satisfaction. Also, the training program was also associated with reductions in depression and anxiety, and stress and burnout (Matos et al., 2022).
Eldor, L. & Shoshani, A. (2016). Caring relationships in school staff: Exploring the link between compassion and teacher work engagement. Teacher and Teacher Education, 59, 126-136. https://edtechbooks.org/-FJWI
Goldin, P.R. & Jazaieri, H. (2017) The compassion cultivation training (CCT) program. In E.M. Seppala, S. Simon-Thomas, S.L. Brown, M.C. Worline, C.D. Cameron & J.R. Doty (Eds.) The Oxford handbook or compassion science (pp. NEED PAGE NUMBERS). Oxford University Press.
Jazaieri, H., Jinpa, G. T., McGonigal, K., Rosenberg, E. L., Finkelstein, J., Simon-Thomas, E., et al. (2012). Enhancing compassion: a randomized controlled trial of a compassion cultivation training program. Journal of Happiness Studies. doi:10.1007/s10902-012-9373-z. https://edtechbooks.org/-BqQN
Matos, M., Albuquerque, I., Galhardo, A., Cunha, M., Lima, M.P., Palmeira, L., Petrocchi, N., McEwan, K., Maratos, F.A. & Gilbert, P. (2022). Nurturing compassion in schools: A randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of a compassionate mind training program for teachers. Plos One, 17(3). https://edtechbooks.org/-TxRi
Seppala, E.M., Simon-Thomas, S., Brown, S.L., Worline, M.C., Cameron, C.D. & Doty, J.R. (2017). The Oxford handbook or compassion science. Oxford University Press.
CC BY-NC: This work is released under a CC BY-NC license, which means that you are free to do with it as you please as long as you (1) properly attribute it and (2) do not use it for commercial gain.
End-of-Chapter Survey: How would you rate the overall quality of this chapter?
- Very Low Quality
- Low Quality
- Moderate Quality
- High Quality
- Very High Quality