CoverIntroductionWellbeing and Its Importance in SchoolsWhat models/frameworks exist to promote school wellbeing?What is the best approach for my school or district?Valuable Tools and ConsiderationYour Call to ActionStudent Wellbeing InterventionsPositive Emotion Three Good ThingsCounting BlessingsEnvisioning Your Best Possible SelfUnderstanding HumorThree Funny ThingsOutdoor LearningBringing the Outside InBibliotherapyEngagementRecognizing and Utilizing Personal StrengthsARCS Model of CuriosityCarousel BrainstormingGenius HourPerspective Taking and Role-PlayArts IntegrationDrawing and Coloring TherapyCulturally-Enriching and Arts-Based Field TripsCulturally Responsive PracticesEmotional Self-Regulation: RULER methodModeling Emotional Self-Regulation SkillsTeacher PraiseRelationshipsModeling Love, Kindness and ForgivenessActive Constructive RespondingDialogue JournalsSocial Belonging InterventionSecret Strengths SpottingPeer Praise NotesActs of KindnessVolunteeringFast FriendsBuddy BenchMeaningEducating Students about Benefit AppraisalsGratitude LettersTaking in the Good (HEAL)Mental Time TravelBrief Mindfulness ActivitiesMindful BellMindful BreathingBody Scan RelaxationMindful Walking/MovementFive Senses MindfulnessMindful PhotographyMindful Self-CompassionAccomplishmentFuture Thinking & When/Where PlansHope MapG-POWER Goal SettingEmbedded Self-Regulation StrategiesGrowth MindsetGrit and Deliberate PracticeDeveloping Students' Resilience and Coping SkillsHealth and VitalityHealthy Sleep HabitsClassroom Physical ActivityYogaCreative Playground EquipmentHealthy Body Image InterventionStudent-Led Health ProgramSchool-Led Interventions for Teachers and StaffSupporting Teacher AutonomyMindfulness TrainingCompassion TrainingHumor TrainingIncentivizing Physical ExerciseIndividual Interventions for Administrators, Teachers and StaffPositive and Reflective JournalingSelf-Regulation and Coping StrategiesSelf-AffirmationSelf Compassion LetterDiscovering and Utilizing Character StrengthsJob CraftingMindfulnessAdditional Interventions to ConsiderDedicated Wellbeing SpacesIndividual Wellbeing Plans for School EmployeesComprehensive Wellbeing ProgramsOther ResourcesAdditional Wellbeing FrameworksPROSPERASPIRESEARCHFive Ways to WellbeingWellbeing Conceptual Framework (Huppert & So)

Volunteering

Keywords: High school, Middle School

Volunteering benefits psychological wellbeing in two ways: by improving psychological resources such as self esteem and self-efficacy and by improving social resources such as new social ties(Musick & Wilson, 2003). Kim and Morgul (2017) argue that volunteering will also benefit adolescents as they take on new social roles and combat emotional challenges. It may also improve their civic engagement(Kim & Morgul, 2017). Youth who participate in frequent voluntary service report lower levels of depression and may be more likely to volunteer as adults. Volunteer work also helps participants gain important social skills, allowing them to succeed in educational and occupational outcomes (Kim and Morgul, 2017).

Grade Level: 6th - 12th
Materials: List of volunteer opportunities for students
Duration: Varies
Implementation:
  1. Provide students a list of information regarding potential volunteer opportunities and organizations.
  2. Invite and encourage students to volunteer throughout the school year or term.
  3. Help students overcome barriers for volunteering, such as transportation, scheduling, contacting the organization, etc.
  4. Help students find an opportunity that fits their skills and interests.

Does it work?

A study involving one hundred 10th graders from an urban public high school in Canada analyzed the effects of volunteering on cardiovascular disease. All participants completed assessments about their cardiovascular health and psychosocial wellbeing prior to volunteering and after 10 weeks. For this study, students volunteered in an after school program at a nearby elementary school for at least one hour a week. Activities included, “homework club, sports programs, science, cooking, cards and games, and arts and crafts” (Schreier, Schonert-Reichl & Chen, 2013, p.328). Results of this study indicate that, in addition to reducing negative emotions, volunteering can, “change risk markers for cardiovascular disease” (Schreier, Schonert-Reichl & Chen, 2013, p.330). The greater a participant’s reported increase in empathy and altruistic behavior, the greater reported cardiovascular benefits.

Hamilton and Fenzel (1988) studied 84 adolescents (ages 11-17) who participated in different volunteer projects, either through community service organizations, 4-H and afterschool programs. Following the completion of the program, participants expressed more positive attitudes regarding social responsibility and the desire to help those in need. Students also shared that the volunteer experiences allowed them to learn more about others in their communities. Nearly all participants reported that they enjoyed the activities and would volunteer again in the future (Hamilton & Fenzel, 1988).

References:

De Guzman, M.R.T. (2007). Youth volunteerism. University of Nebraska NEB Guide. https://edtechbooks.org/-cMIw 

Hamilton, S.F. & Fenzel, L.M. (1988) The impact of volunteer experience on adolescent social development: Evidence of program effects. Journal of Adolescent Research, 3(1), 65-80. https://edtechbooks.org/-kBDE

Kim, J. & Morgul, K. (2017) Long-term consequences of youth volunteering: Voluntary versus involuntary service. Social Science Research, 67, 160-175. https://edtechbooks.org/-jNS

Musick M.A. & Wilson J. (2003) Volunteering and depression: the role of psychological and social resources in different age groups. Social Science & Medicine, 56(2), 259–269. https://edtechbooks.org/-MLXR

Schreier, H. M., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., & Chen, E. (2013). Effect of volunteering on risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adolescents. JAMA Pediatrics, 167(4), 327-332. https://edtechbooks.org/-UZj

End-of-Chapter Survey

: How would you rate the overall quality of this chapter?
  1. Very Low Quality
  2. Low Quality
  3. Moderate Quality
  4. High Quality
  5. Very High Quality
Comments will be automatically submitted when you navigate away from the page.
Like this? Endorse it!