LA 3.4: Norma's Story

Funds of Knowledge and Resistance


Learning Outcome Pedagogical Intent Student Position

Identify factors that influence the school experiences of English learners and their families under a deficit model.

Assessment: 25 pts.

TA: 20 Minutes

Teachers can identify and recognize social theories of Resistance, and Funds of Knowledge and learn how these deficit orientations can affect their pedagogy.

Students have learned about the socioeconomic level, immigrant status, and language factors that affect the culture of English learners and their families. They have watched a video explaining social theories and have heard Norma’s Story.  They are now prepared to learn about how deficit orientations affect their participation in schools


  1. With a partner watch for evidence of Funds of Knowledge and Resistance Theory as you watch VS 3.4 in stages of identity formation. 
  2. Take notes on the form provided by the facilitator. 
  3. Be prepared to share your thoughts with your table and with the class.