Additional Resources


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Dunlap, J. C. (2009). Down-and-dirty guidelines for effective discussions in online courses. The CU Online Handbook, 93. Retrieved from

Hew, K. F., Cheung, W. S., & Ng, C. S. L. (2010). Student contribution in asynchronous online discussion: A review of the research and empirical exploration. Instructional Science, 38(6), 571-606. Retrieved from

Huang, C. Q., Han, Z. M., Li, M. X., Jong, M. S. Y., & Tsai, C. C. (2019). Investigating students' interaction patterns and dynamic learning sentiments in online discussions. Computers & Education, 140, 103589.

Latif, A. P. (2019). Multiperspectivity through Alternative History in the Classroom (dissertation). ScholarWorks at UMass Boston, Boston, MA. Retrieved from

Standards from the Quality Matters Higher Education Rubric, 6th Edition. Quality Matters. Retrieved from

Vonderwell, S., Liang, X., & Alderman, K. (2007). Asynchronous discussions and assessment in online learning. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 39(3), 309-328. Retrieved from

Wise, A. F., Perera, N., Hsiao, Y. T., Speer, J., & Marbouti, F. (2012). Microanalytic case studies of individual participation patterns in an asynchronous online discussion in an undergraduate blended course. The Internet and Higher Education, 15(2), 108-117. Retrieved from

Wise, A. F., Speer, J., Marbouti, F., & Hsiao, Y. T. (2013). Broadening the notion of participation in online discussions: examining patterns in learners’ online listening behaviors. Instructional Science, 41(2), 323-343. Retrieved from

Zhu, E. Interaction and cognitive engagement: An analysis of four asynchronous online discussions. Instructional Science 34, 451 (2006).

Updated 12/1/2022

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