CoverIntroductionTable of Contents with Critical Media Literacy ConnectionsUpdates & Latest AdditionsLearning Pathway: Racial Justice and Black Lives MatterLearning Pathway: Influential WomenLearning Pathway: Student RightsLearning Pathway: Elections 2024, 2022, & 2020Learning Pathway: Current Events Learning Pathway: Critical Media LiteracyTeacher-Designed Learning PlansTopic 1. The Philosophical Foundations of the United States Political System1.1. The Government of Ancient Athens1.2. The Government of the Roman Republic1.3. Enlightenment Thinkers and Democratic Government1.4. British Influences on American Government1.5. Native American Influences on U.S. GovernmentTopic 2. The Development of the United States Government2.1. The Revolutionary Era and the Declaration of Independence2.2. The Articles of Confederation2.3. The Constitutional Convention2.4. Debates between Federalists and Anti-Federalists2.5. Articles of the Constitution and the Bill of RightsTopic 3. Institutions of United States Government3.1. Branches of the Government and the Separation of Powers3.2. Checks and Balances Between the Branches of Government3.3. The Roles of the Congress, the President, and the Courts3.4. Elections and Nominations3.5. The Role of Political PartiesTopic 4. The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens4.1. Becoming a Citizen4.2. Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens and Non-Citizens4.3. Civic, Political, and Private Life4.4. Fundamental Principles and Values of American Political and Civic Life4.5. Voting and Citizen Participation in the Political Process4.6. Election Information4.7. Leadership and the Qualities of Political Leaders4.8. Cooperation Between Individuals and Elected Leaders4.9. Public Service as a Career4.10. Liberty in Conflict with Equality or Authority4.11. Political Courage and Those Who Affirmed or Denied Democratic Ideals4.12. The Role of Political Protest4.13. Public and Private Interest Groups, PACs, and Labor UnionsTopic 5. The Constitution, Amendments, and Supreme Court Decisions5.1. The Necessary and Proper Clause5.2. Amendments to the Constitution5.3. Constitutional Issues Related to the Civil War, Federal Power, and Individual Civil Rights5.4. Civil Rights and Equal Protection for Race, Gender, and Disability5.5. Marbury v. Madison and the Principle of Judicial Review5.6. Significant Supreme Court DecisionsTopic 6. The Structure of Massachusetts State and Local Government6.1. Functions of State and National Government6.2. United States and Massachusetts Constitutions6.3. Enumerated and Implied Powers6.4. Core Documents: The Protection of Individual Rights6.5. 10th Amendment to the Constitution6.6. Additional Provisions of the Massachusetts Constitution6.7. Responsibilities of Federal, State and Local Government6.8. Leadership Structure of the Massachusetts Government6.9. Tax-Supported Facilities and Services6.10. Components of Local GovernmentTopic 7. Freedom of the Press and News/Media Literacy7.1. Freedom of the Press7.2. Competing Information in a Free Press7.3. Writing the News: Different Formats and Their Functions7.4. Digital News and Social Media7.5. Evaluating Print and Online Media7.6. Analyzing Editorials, Editorial Cartoons, or Op-Ed CommentariesGlossaryIndex of Terms

Learning Pathway: Elections 2024, 2022, & 2020

Building Democracy For All is designed so that teachers and students can follow different Learning Pathways as they explore materials in the book. Rather than proceeding sequentially through civics and government curriculum standards, Learning Pathways invite a thematic approach. In addition Elections 2024, 2022, & 2020, other learning pathways include: Student RightsInfluential Women, Black Lives MatterMedia Literacy, and Current Events.

Our Elections Pathway has resources for the 2022 mid-term elections as well as upcoming 2024 Presidential campaign and election. There is also historical material about the 2020 Presidential Election that focuses on election-related issues including voting rights, voter suppression, and the larger history of elections in the U.S.

voting box with ballots coming out
Image by Felipe Blasco from Pixabay

Additions to the Learning Pathway for Election 2022


Follow the latest analysis from the Cook Political Report.

Biden is No Sure Thing for 2024. What about Buttigieg? Harris? Even Whitmer?

MAP: Where Senate Candidates Outperformed Biden and Trump

Voters Reject Election Deniers in Battleground States: All But One "America First" Candidates Were Defeated

How Many LGBTQIA Candidates Ran for Election for State and Federal Offices in 2022?

Candidates Who Made History in the 2022 Mid-Terms

    • 12 Women Elected State Governors
    • Maura Healey: First Openly Lesbian Elected Governor; First Woman Governor of Massachusetts
    • Sarah Sanders: First Woman Governor of Arkansas
    • Wes Moore: First Black Governor of Maryland
    • Markwayne Mullin: First Native American Senator from Oklahoma
    • Maxwell Frost: First Generation Z member elected to Congress as a representative from Florida
    • Becca Balint: First Woman to represent Vermont in Congress
    • Mary Peltola: First woman to represent Alaska and, as Yup’ik, is the first Alaska Native to serve in Congress 
      • Follow the link above for more history-makers during the 2022 mid-terms

November 21

November 8

November 3

October 21

October 6, 2022

October 5, 2022

The 2020 Presidential Election

The 2020 Presidential election is being called the most consequential election in modern times. The coronavirus pandemic, partisan divides between people and political parties, Black Lives Matter protests, an economic recession that may lead to a second Great Depression, and looming environmental disasters are contributing to uncertainty about the future of American democracy. Our Election 2020 Learning Pathway provides teachers and students with resources for studying the election as well as the institutions of government that must function for that election to happen.

Additionally, we designed an Election 2020 choice board featuring a higher-order thinking activities and exploration of the learning pathway chapters (click here to make your own copy of the choice board). 

Screenshot of Election 2020 choice board
"Election 2020" Choice Board by Robert W. Maloy, Ed.D. & Torrey Trust, Ph.D.,
College of Education, University of Massachusetts Amherst. Licensed under CC BY NC ND 4.0

Additions to the Learning Pathway for Election 2020


October 29, 2021

October 15

October 9

October 3

October 2

September 1

August 28

August 17

August 15

August 14

  • How to Vote in the 2020 Election: A State-by-State Guide from FiveThirtyEight blog.
    • Includes states from those where:
      • Everyone can vote by mail and ballots are automatically mailed to every voter to states;
      • Everyone can vote by mail and mail-in ballot applications are automatically mailed to voters;
      • Everyone can vote by mail but nothing is automatically mailed to voters;
      • Voting by mail requires a valid excuse (and the pandemic does not count).

Image preview of a YouTube video
Watch on YouTube

Election Topics in Building Democracy for All 


Presidential Elections 1952-2004
US presidential elections 1952-2004 by Roke~commonswiki is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0



Election Day 1972 Birmingham Alabama
Election Day 1972, Birmingham, Alabama | Public Domain