CoverObjectivesParagraphsShapeOrganizationParagraph TypesIntroduction to EssaysShapeOrganizationIntroduction ParagraphsBody ParagraphsConclusion ParagraphsExample EssayThe Writing ProcessPrewritingWritingRevisingNarrative EssaysExample Essay #1PrewritingWritingRevisingExample Essay #2Descriptive EssaysExample Essay #1PrewritingWritingRevisingExample Essay #2Classification EssaysExample Essay #1PrewritingWritingRevisingExample Essay #2Refining WritingDevelopmentUnityCohesionNuts and BoltsAudienceWord FormsPunctuation & CapitalizationGrammarVocabularySummariesWriting for the TOEFLIntegrated Writing TaskIndependent Writing TaskGlossaryTeachers' GuideTeacher NotesActivity IdeasAnswer KeyParagraphs AKIntroduction to Essays AKThe Writing Process AKNarrative Essays AKDescriptive Essays AKClassification Essays AKRefining Writing AKSummaries AKWriting for the TOEFL AK

Teacher Notes

Narrative Essay

Review

Depending on students’ proficiency, it may be helpful to review a few grammar principles, structures, etc. for the essay type. The following are recommended to be briefly presented and practiced before writing the first draft and then going into more detail for subsequent drafts:

Descriptive Essays

Review

Depending on students’ proficiency, it may be helpful to review a few grammar principles, structures, etc. for the essay type. The following are recommended to be briefly presented and practiced before writing the first draft and then going into more detail for subsequent drafts:

Revising Note:

Evaluate thesis statement group work. This is a great activity to adapt to your students’ needs. You could choose thesis statements from their first drafts and discuss them as a class or focus on different aspects of their thesis statements in various activities.

Revising Note: 

This would be a great time to review the revising section again (Writing Process). Depending on whether or not you choose to use the codes provided, you could use this time to review how to revise according to the codes. It would also be beneficial to take some time in class to go over common errors that you found in their first drafts and practice producing writing that is error free (e.g., word forms, punctuation, etc.). You could also incorporate some peer review in class. This can be done anonymously or by pairing students that you feel could help one another improve.

Classification Essays

Review

Depending on students’ proficiency, it may be helpful to review a few grammar principles, structures, etc. for the essay type. The following are recommended to be briefly presented and practiced before writing the first draft and then going into more detail for subsequent drafts:

Revising Note: 

You could also gather thesis statements for all students and evaluate them as a class.

Yet again, this would be a great time to review the revising section from the Writing Process chapter. Depending on whether or not you choose to use the codes provided, you could use this time to review what the codes mean and how to revise accordingly. It would also be beneficial to take some time in class to go over common errors that you found in their first drafts and practice producing writing that is error free (e.g., word forms, punctuation, etc.).

Summaries

Make sure you give plenty of practice summarizing both reading and listening passages separately. Start with material a little below their level and then build toward more academic material. If the class is proficient enough, you could then build to writing integrated summaries of related reading and listening passages.