CoverObjectivesParagraphsShapeOrganizationParagraph TypesIntroduction to EssaysShapeOrganizationIntroduction ParagraphsBody ParagraphsConclusion ParagraphsExample EssayThe Writing ProcessPrewritingWritingRevisingNarrative EssaysExample Essay #1PrewritingWritingRevisingExample Essay #2Descriptive EssaysExample Essay #1PrewritingWritingRevisingExample Essay #2Classification EssaysExample Essay #1PrewritingWritingRevisingExample Essay #2Refining WritingDevelopmentUnityCohesionNuts and BoltsAudienceWord FormsPunctuation & CapitalizationGrammarVocabularySummariesWriting for the TOEFLIntegrated Writing TaskIndependent Writing TaskGlossaryTeachers' GuideTeacher NotesActivity IdeasAnswer KeyParagraphs AKIntroduction to Essays AKThe Writing Process AKNarrative Essays AKDescriptive Essays AKClassification Essays AKRefining Writing AKSummaries AKWriting for the TOEFL AK

The Writing Process AK


  1. Exercise: Practice understanding the prompt

    1. What are some benefits of learning English?
      1. descriptive/classification
      2. good results of learning English
      3. examples of benefits
    2. Describe an influential person in your life. Why was the person important to you?
      1. descriptive
      2. a person that influenced you
      3. reasons why they are important to you
    3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Use reasons and examples to support your answer: Cell phones should not be used in class.
      1. opinion
      2. Should cell phones be used in class?
      3. reasons why agree or disagree
  2. Exercise: Practice brainstorming

    1. Answers will vary dramatically, no example provided
  3. Exercise: Practice outlining

    1. TH: English offers educational and vocational benefits.

      TS: English opens doors to education.

      TS: Getting a job is easier when you know English.

    2. TH: My great aunt taught me many important lessons.

      TS: She taught me how to love others.

      TS: She also showed me how important it is to be patient.

    3. TH: Cell phones should be banned in class.

      TS: Cell phones can be distracting to both the user and classmates who sit by them.

      TS: Cell phones should be banned because students often miss valuable practice when they use their phones for other things.