Appendix B

Index

Administrator
…e share it with your students, faculty, Administrators and others who may benefi…… HyFlex meant to students, faculty, and Administrators. (This policy took severa…Costs to Administrators/institutionThe bottom line value for most Administrators is supporting increased student su……ctors and designers, and costs borne by Administrators at institutions choosing ……oach to faculty and students, gathering Administrator support, and providing a b……e change process will be interesting to Administrators and others interested in ……ical point of view, this study provides Administrators and higher education facu……sed on the results, recommendations for Administrators, Faculty and instructiona……if students and other key stakeholders (Administrators, research funders, etc.) ……s initiating HyFlex in many courses, or Administrators in an institution moving ……ften the most “seasoned” faculty or Administrators. These people may have de……ampuses, this will be a mix of faculty, Administrators and students. However, I ……ization, some faculty (and students and Administrators) will not be willing or a…Resistant faculty or Administrators in programs that have adopted HyFlex complet……ny monolithic broadcast messages (which Administrators love to send as emails to……nt is a goal shared by both faculty and Administrators.  However, to-date the C…… it is included in this chapter because Administrators may be interested in esta…Even Administrators inject change through shifting expectations. Let’s conside……ex designers, instructors and yes, even Administrators (!) should be prepared to……ion to organization, and sometimes from Administrator to Administrator (departme……. HyFlex is innovative enough that most Administrators aren’t likely to seriou…… the HyFlex approach by instructors and Administrators. Chapter 2.5 Evaluating t……at instructors, designers, students and Administrators have experienced in a wid…
adoption
…ollowing ways may lead to its increased adoption.…gy available in the earlier years of my adoption, the online students could only……of participation, there might be faster adoption. (Most LMS’s are designed pri…As I understand adoption, during the first round of HyFlex implementation in a p……sted by institutions considering HyFlex adoption have shaped the story in meanin……novative programs grow and attract more adoption. Though every institution has t……itution. Some studies report on broader adoption efforts in entire programs, or …Summarizing the Messages to Various adoption GroupsAccelerate adoption: Communicate within and among Faculty Peer GroupsTable 2. Summary of adoption Group Characteristic Applied to HyFlex Implementati……, when working with faculty considering adoption, leverage the characteristics o…… of Innovation Adopters: The Technology adoption Lifecycle…as quickly, because people in the other adoption groups have more invested in th…… it will be to adopt. Those considering adoption also rely on their peers for re…The adoption of an innovative practice within a social system begins with the in……h a small sub-group of the larger early adoption group (for example, a specific …The bottom line for this adoption group is that they are not likely to change, a……pecific programs or schools), expanding adoption is more likely.…that perfectly describes this group’s adoption timing.…ed in supporting or encouraging faculty adoption of HyFlex delivery, you’ll ne……s to hand it off to someone in the next adoption group – the Early Adopters. I……y to facilitate and leverage to support adoption.… innovation is going to continue on the adoption lifecycle it must move on to th……ies to move forward into the next large adoption group, the “Early Majority.adoption GroupFaculty in the majority segments of an adoption population are generally willing……aphics of the university prompted early adoption of distance education. MSUB beg…Our adoption of HyFlex courses and technologies allowed us to help market the Un……ine learning conference through current adoption status.…nitial discussions in support of HyFlex adoption involved the business college a…… Canvas by Instructure institution. The adoption of the Canvas LMS and use of th……g; despite knowing it would slow HyFlex adoption at the College. A well-designed…VI. Students Like HyFlex but adoption Is SlowUnit II: Implementation and adoption of Hybrid-Flexible Instruction…ns have (or might) manage the expanding adoption of the HyFlex approach by instr…
blended synchronous
… This approach is a good example of the blended synchronous environment describe……Lee, M. J. W., and Kenney, J. (2014). blended synchronous learning: A handbook……proach that is very much similar to the blended synchronous online format ahs be……aland in 2011, with the stated goal: “blended synchronous Learning (‘BlendSy…blended synchronous (Blendsync) learning developed as an approach combining clas……). Design and implementation factors in blended synchronous learning environment……ptions of the Community of Inquiry in a blended synchronous Delivery Mode. Unive……, S., Bateman, D. & Bédard, J. (2017). blended synchronous Delivery Mode in Gra……Lee, M. J. W., and Kenney, J. (2014). blended synchronous learning: A handbook……). Design and implementation factors in blended synchronous environments: Outcom…… E. (2014). Patterns and principles for blended synchronous learning: Engaging r……he existing literature (in 2018) on the blended synchronous course format. Almos……ptions of the Community of Inquiry in a blended synchronous Delivery Mode. Unive……, S., Bateman, D. & Bédard, J. (2017). blended synchronous Delivery Mode in Gra…2017: Literature Review for blended synchronous Delivery at the Graduate Level…ing] implementing HyFlex courses in the blended synchronous format (aka. BSDM) i……ults of this research suggest that in a blended synchronous delivery mode, face-……d academic literature associated with a blended synchronous course format at the… “The blended synchronous delivery mode offers students flexibility to access……ptions of the community of inquiry in a blended synchronous delivery mode. To me……nges, and conditions for the success of blended synchronous course delivery mode……it is essential to find out whether the blended synchronous delivery mode (BSDM)……d instructor’s experiences: Examining blended synchronous learning effects. Pr……n Implementing Innovative Approaches to blended synchronous Learning. TechTrends……Lee, M. J. W., and Kenney, J. (2014). blended synchronous learning: A handbook…
grade
…structor to alter the view as needed. Upgraded audio with a superior quality sou……the post initiation stage, technology upgrades that may be necessary can be an u……corresponding performance factors (exam grades, self-reported perceptions, study……e Relationship of Class Attendance with grades and Student Characteristics. Revi……etion and in some cases slightly higher grades. See Chapter 2.3. Supporting Hybr……e impact of class attendance on student grades found a strong relationship betwe……metrics of interest (retention, passing grade rate, GPA, time to graduation, etc…… scale survey items; N=376) and student grades on three types of graded activity……h in overall learning and on individual grades. Furthermore, students greatly en…… was that the participants were twelfth graders and that the remote experience w……ctor can have a negative impact on your grade.…m and choose to sacrifice part of their grade instead of complying (and sacrific……pation accounts for 10% of their course grade. The assignment complements additi……erent learning objects that satisfy one gradebook item was difficult in Blackboa……provided an easier way to automatically grade multiple options for assignments……ting HyFlex course design. In regard to grades earned and progressing through th……o that for classroom students. Formally graded demonstrations of learning (repor……o that for classroom students. Formally graded demonstrations of learning (repor…… The toll this takes on instructors and graders is not minimal. More students en…
Hybrid-Flexible
…ook is an expression of my journey with Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design o……this book in Chapter 2.2. Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course are contributions……es as videos in Chapter 2.1. Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course.Other Course Design Formats in the Hybrid-Flexible GenreThe Origins of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) Course DesignThe development of the Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design in the Instruction……in Chapter 2.5 Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs.…In this book, and in our work with Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course designs local……r – perhaps even identical – to the Hybrid-Flexible approaches described in ……uses the term “comodal” to refer to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses where t……e fundamental way so they are not truly Hybrid-Flexible as we define the term. T……What do university students think about Hybrid-Flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Re……n Chapter 2.5. Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs.……faculty and institutions using the term Hybrid-Flexible or HyFlex; just as appro……ng the approach, and implementing their Hybrid-Flexible design programmatically.……am, M. E. (2018). COMPARING THE HYFLEX (Hybrid-Flexible) MODEL OF COURSE DELIVER……What do university students think about Hybrid-Flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Re…Beatty, B. J. (2019). Hybrid-Flexible Course Design: Implementing Student-Direct…Hybrid-Flexible course designs have been used successfully for more than a decad……case stories, and strategies related to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design s……ite a chapter on [YOUR INSTITUTION]’s Hybrid-Flexible (use your term if you ha…This book explains the principles of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design, exp…When is implementing a Hybrid-Flexible course worth the cost?         …ble cost.  See Chapter 2.1. Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course for a more detail…In Chapter 1.4 Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course, the initial design stage of c……discipline. See Chapter 2.1. Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course for a more detail……ipation. See Chapter 2.2. Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course for a more detail……her grades. See Chapter 2.3. Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs for……ference. See Chapter 2.2. Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course for a more detail……s and perhaps for your institution. The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design s……on broadly. See Chapter 2.3. Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs for……so. Chapter 1.2. Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs pro…A Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design enables a flexible participation policy…See Appendix A: Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (by any name) [https:…2012: Managing Change: Implementing a Hybrid-Flexible type model in an instituti……is study thoroughly examined the use of Hybrid-Flexible course design in a large……hronous formats could also be called “Hybrid-Flexible” (if student choice on…The emergence of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) instructional formats is relatively re…Though there are many case studies of Hybrid-Flexible type implementations in th…“The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) design model is a course design model that combi……r, a paucity of research exists for the Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) instructional m…FOR FURTHER STUDIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE Hybrid-Flexible COURSES DESIGN……What do university students think about Hybrid-Flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Re……comodal” as an additional label for a Hybrid-Flexible course format. Not surpr…… study explores student engagement in a Hybrid-Flexible environment from not onl……f the academic research associated with Hybrid-Flexible design, including some a……ar to, and often the same in essence as Hybrid-Flexible designs, though in some …Beatty, B. J. (2019). Hybrid-Flexible Course Design: Implementing student-dire……n Chapter 2.5. Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Course and Programs.)……e Chapter 2.5. Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Course and Programs and ……ts of the general student experience in Hybrid-Flexible courses; a more detailed…Hybrid-Flexible course implementations are started because there is are importan……er 2.4. Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses within the Insti…… guidance, see Chapter 1.4. Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course.)… very appropriate for systems embracing Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses. In HyF……rars, etc.). In Chapters 2.1 Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course and 2.2. Learning…… Chapter 2.2. The Student Experience in Hybrid-Flexible Courses for a broader di……See Chapter 1.2. Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Course and Programs for ……s well. (See Chapter 2.2. Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course for more about co…In Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) classes, students are typically given full control o……ters explain the rationale for offering Hybrid-Flexible courses and programs, an……Unit II explain how to build and deploy Hybrid-Flexible courses with specific fo……ter authors have all designed their own Hybrid-Flexible courses either as facult……ss: Stats 412 is taught using a HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) model. This means that ……m, M. E. (2018b). Comparing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course Deliver……m, M. E. (2018a). Comparing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course Deliver……M. E. (2018c). Implementing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course Deliver…… J.B. (2016). Investigating the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course Deliver…The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design delivers a student-directed multi-mod…Fundamental Values in Hybrid-Flexible Design…s, methods, and case stories related to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design s……en the initial impetus for developing a Hybrid-Flexible approach is a very real …Hybrid-Flexible course designs - multi-modal courses which combine online and on……nit II: Implementation and Adoption of Hybrid-Flexible Instruction…ters explain the rationale for offering Hybrid-Flexible courses and programs, an……Unit II explain how to build and deploy Hybrid-Flexible courses with specific fo…Unit III: Hybrid-Flexible Implementations Around the World…who have direct experience implementing Hybrid-Flexible courses in their own uni…Unit I: Hybrid-Flexible Course Design to Support Student-Directed Learning Paths…
HyFlex
In my opinion, adopting HyFlex should be looked as as a long-term commitment and……at are more conducive to implementing a HyFlex approach. The active learning spa…In promoting the use of HyFlex, supporting the faculty in the following ways may…Implementing a HyFlex approach is heavily dependent on an important resource key…In my six years of teaching using HyFlex (regularly in the earlier years and the……and adoption, during the first round of HyFlex implementation in a program there……development platform. Before teaching a HyFlex class, the faculty should be well…Why is HyFlex demanding?Why was HyFlex unique to me?Technology Sophistication and HyFlex SuccessVisual Appearance of a HyFlex Class Session at SF StateHyFlex was unique to me because I needed to plan on running three parallel modal…HyFlex is a promising approach that promotes students’ autonomy and access to …My journey of using HyFlex in teaching graduate level courses began in Fall 2013…The reason I called using HyFlex approach demanding is because each modality req…… their experiences, especially with the HyFlex delivery. The students thoroughly……ortant cautions for those considering a HyFlex approach in their courses.…In my version of HyFlex,  I do set a limit of maximum three asynchronous sessio……ion of my journey with Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design over more than a d……s who experienced the early versions of HyFlex course design I offer my eternal ……, or hosted by institutions considering HyFlex adoption have shaped the story in…… design that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their a…… design that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their a……roaches share many characteristics with HyFlex, but all seem to differ in at lea……tudents think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale d…HyFlex courses are class sessions that allow students to choose whether to …… choice in participation mode much like HyFlex. Their report on the institutiona……hat we were reporting our work with the HyFlex course design, and others came af……eatty, B. (2006, October) Designing the HyFlex World- Hybrid, Flexible Classes f……ivers that surface additional needs for HyFlex or similar approaches that provid……ng a New(-ish) Learning Mode: Blendflex/HyFlex. Inside Higher Ed (January 24, 20……proach that seems to be another form of HyFlex is called “Multi-Options”. As…… very similar – even identical – to HyFlex and others with significant diffe…… to that reported in initial studies of HyFlex, the importance of high quality a…“In a Hybrid Flexible (HyFlex) Class, students can choose to attend class eith……, and in our work with Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course designs locally and inter…Solving our Problem: The Genesis of HyFlex… design that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their a…The Origins of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) Course Design…n a portmanteau of hybrid and flexible: HyFlex.The development of the Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design in the Instruction……design shares some aspects with classic HyFlex, though it seems that students we…… design that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their a……ressed interest in expanding the use of HyFlex, since for many emergency situati……elease for one term), I embarked on the HyFlex journey by adding a simple (yet e…… design that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their a……Transitioning to an Online World: Using HyFlex Courses to Bridge the Gap. In C. ……ion options and control, is the same as HyFlex.…escription) of Mode Neutral compared to HyFlex is the emphasis in Mode Neutral o……dents in the same course sections, like HyFlex does, there doesn’t seem to be …With the growth of HyFlex at SF State beyond the original ITEC graduate program ……comodal” to refer to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses where the student experi…… design that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their a…… design that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their a…… design that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their a…… design that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their a……tudents think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale d…… Effective Practice Award: Using the “HyFlex” Course and Design Process. Ret……s of Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course. In C. Allan, C. Campbell,……, Herrera-Diaz, L. E. (2014). El modelo HyFlex: Una propuesta de formación híb……z, N. V., and Gutiérrez, I. M. (2016). HyFlex, hybrid and flexible model for un…Beatty, B. (2011, November). HyFlex Course Design: A Summary Report on Five Year…Beatty, B. (2008). HyFlex Delivery for US Army Counter Insurgency (COIN) Trainin…… and Parra, J. L. (2018). Case Study of HyFlex Course Design: Benefits and Chall…Abdelmalak, M. (March, 2013). HyFlex course design: A case study of an education……Opportunities for Graduate Students withHyFlex Course Design. International Jour……tudents: An Exploratory Case Study of a HyFlex Learning Environment. Northeaster……Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery Modes Matter?……ses with flexible participation – The HyFlex Course Design. In L. Kyei-Blankso…… T., and Diaz, L.E.H. (2014). El modelo HyFlex: Una propuesta de formación híb……ecting Physical and Virtual Spaces in a HyFlex Pedagogic Model with a Focus on T…Zemeckis, D. R. (2020). Offering a HyFlex Fisheries Science Course for Stakehold……ailable online: https://edtechbooks.org/HyFlex/… An Examination of Learning Outcomes in HyFlex Learning Environments. In J. Sanc……Transitioning to an Online World: Using HyFlex Courses to Bridge the Gap. In C. …… and Baham, M. E. (2018). COMPARING THE HyFlex (HYBRID-FLEXIBLE) MODEL OF COURSE…… Learning for Students with Choice: The HyFlex Course and Design Process. Peer-r…… & Parra, J. L. (2018). Case Study of HyFlex Course Design: Benefits and Chall…Wright, D. (2016). The HyFlex Course Design: A Case Study on Adult and Career Ed……. R. (2019). Introducing Social Work to HyFlex Blended Learning: A Student-cente…Staff Writers, (2013, January 17). The HyFlex Learning Model: Online Ed’s Most……(2019). Evaluation of the impact of the HyFlex learning model. International Jou……ng a new(-ish) learning mode: Blendflex/HyFlex. Inside Higher Ed. Available onl……ecting physical and virtual spaces in a HyFlex pedagogic model with focus on int……erience, and level of satisfaction in a HyFlex course. International Journal of ……H., Chavez, N., & Gutierrez, I. (2016). HyFlex, hybrid and flexible model for un…Beatty, B. (2012, April). HyFlex Course Design: The Advantages of Letting Studen…… Seven things you should know about the HyFlex course model. Retrieved 04/04/201……eatty, B. (2006, October) Designing the HyFlex World- Hybrid, Flexible Classes f……s Flexible Learning for Adult Students: HyFlex Design. In M. Searson & M. Ochoa ……e book URL is  https://edtechbooks.org/HyFlex  and is published under a CC-BY …… strategies related to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design so that they may m……ains the principles of hybrid-flexible (HyFlex) course design, explains fundamen……en the initial impetus for developing a HyFlex approach is a very real need to s……ruction is a highly-valued benefit with HyFlex. In addition to the three listed ……gement is a critical success factor for HyFlex students who choose online partic…Before any effort to implement HyFlex is begun, whether for a single course or f……f the hybrid learning environment. In a HyFlex class, the instructor is challeng……ly, commuting. The primary benefit from HyFlex for students is usually reported ……e the major costs to those implementing HyFlex? Below I’ve listed several comm…… your institution. The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design supports student-d……reso for a class of 49 students. With a HyFlex design, students have an amazing ……ves, it may be even more important that HyFlex instruction obliterates common st……enting a student-directed approach like HyFlex worth it to you? And to your inst……ration of an institution embarking on a HyFlex journey is the leadership’s wil…What are the major benefits of HyFlex? Below I’ve listed several common and si…… through a class is important, then the HyFlex approach may be an excellent choi…… (especially when getting started) with HyFlex is the additional time it takes m……tion to consider the positive nature of HyFlex, the design guidance helps your t……ou and your team to design an effective HyFlex course. A Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design enables a flexible participation policy……e instructional objective. Note: In the HyFlex course, some activities may inclu…In a HyFlex course, the instructor provides instructional structure, content, an……atement to be much less appropriate for HyFlex courses than those focused more o…Once the HyFlex implementation has run long enough to generate the required data…The decision to adopt a HyFlex course design should consider the same factors us…The challenges (costs) of HyFlex implementations impact a variety of stakeholder……pport effective ROE analysis. Since the HyFlex course design has been selected t…In a HyFlex course, learning objectives should be the same for all students; spe……curate job at Step 1 of the recommended HyFlex design process, you should have a……challenges for learning assessment in a HyFlex course are to 1) develop assessme……tion to consider the positive nature of HyFlex, your team must also assess the e…Understanding the “why” of your HyFlex implementation is critical, connectin……ow this chapter (on the edtechbooks.org/HyFlex site) or contact me by other mean…… effectiveness of a large undergraduate HyFlex course (N=439) as measured by sel…“The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) design model is a course design model that combi……cours offert sous le format comodal, ou HyFlex, peut être suivi en présentiel ……al situation of the student, the access HyFlex education allows, possibilities a……Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery Modes Matter?…This study investigated the use of HyFlex in a large (N=161) undergraduate stati……translation] “A course offered in the HyFlex format can be followed face-to-fa……esearch exists for the Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) instructional model. This model ……rses, including the specific context of HyFlex courses (N courses = 903). The pr…… student participation patterns – the HyFlex course. All students in this stud……tudents think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale d… “HyFlex courses are characterised by a mixture of online and face-to-face le…… the first to report the results from a HyFlex course implementation (using the …This study reports the HyFlex course design used at two campuses of an Australia……ully online). The rationale for using a HyFlex-type course was to “address the…2015: First Generation Students in HyFlex Courses (Doctoral Dissertation)2019: Student Perceptions of HyFlex Courses2018: Student Engagement in a HyFlex Program (Master’s thesis)…019: Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course (Book chapter)…nce to those [considering] implementing HyFlex courses in the blended synchronou……ed article) support several emphases of HyFlex design discussed in Chapter XX. H……s of Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course. In C. Allan, C. Campbell,……Measure indicator and those between the HyFlex course type and the same factors.……eful to readers adopting or considering HyFlex implementation at their instituti…The emergence of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) instructional formats is relatively re……all student success, and recognize that HyFlex courses may be a vehicle to do so…In the case of HyFlex, faculty members or members of the administration may play…Expanding the Reach of HyFlex within the Faculty Social System…speak to them about online, hybrid, and HyFlex course delivery, members of this …… agent: Leverage the characteristics of HyFlex for specific contexts…nnectors. If one of these faculty adopt HyFlex, the effect may be multiplied as …We’ve transitioned our program to HyFlex delivery because [state reasons – a…Applying this to HyFlex courses, identify the people in the early majority group……doption Group Characteristic Applied to HyFlex Implementation…on, leverage the characteristics of the HyFlex approach itself. What are its cle……and consider the possible advantages of HyFlex delivery. Visionary projects are …Note: I advocate the HyFlex delivery approach for faculty and students in cours…(Faculty in programs initiating HyFlex in many courses)How does this apply to implementing a HyFlex course design in a program? Institu……on to adopt an innovative practice like HyFlex would fall into the “First Adop…… help pragmatic faculty decide to adopt HyFlex delivery include:…t faculty in programs that have adopted HyFlex completely)The XXXX Department has been using HyFlex courses to [list the advantage they ar…… a fully online, fully staffed program. HyFlex courses can be an effective bridg……istrators in programs that have adopted HyFlex completely. Not willing to change……face to face students at the same time (HyFlex) in response to an immediate, uni……lty in Departments using or considering HyFlex for one or more courses. Looking …When HyFlex works with an initial faculty or course, it is natural to look for a……o various groups and describes possible HyFlex implementation contexts that may …… to adopt an innovation. In the case of HyFlex delivery, if students and other k…… them that I am not suggesting that the HyFlex delivery is right for all situati…… that was able to do both at once using HyFlex. If a program wants to alleviate …Faculty in programs initiating HyFlex in many courses, or administrators in an i…If HyFlex course delivery makes sense for a particular context, it usually begin……aculty don’t really trust the idea of HyFlex – yet! Our continuing challenge…HyFlex Context…important as the good idea itself. When HyFlex delivery is applied in the right …We’ve been using HyFlex courses successfully in XXXX courses (or programs) and……lly human social systems, and for most, HyFlex delivery is an innovative idea re……aculty in Departments using/considering HyFlex for one or more courses)HyFlex courses can help you create an online program or serve online students by……r delivery mode, though we do encourage HyFlex where practical, and all faculty ……the College’s knowledge of Beatty’s HyFlex model (EDUCAUSE, 2010).  While a……). 7 things you should know about...the HyFlex course model. EDUCAUSE Learning I…MSUB’s Readiness for HyFlex DeliveryPiloting HyFlexLessons Learned from the HyFlex Pilot and Next Steps…ective: Sam Boerboom’s Reflections on HyFlex… several challenges to getting my first HyFlex course off the ground. First, I n……basis for evaluating the possibility of HyFlex. The courses: BGEN 105: Introduct……ightspace. I learned that when piloting HyFlex, an instructor committed to inten……d be highly likely to enroll in another HyFlex class. Qualitative comments acros……ne student in particular commented that HyFlex reduced her anxiety about being a……ur team to meet with faculty who taught HyFlex courses for SFSU. This was incred…… part of the pilot, but had heard about HyFlex, began to announce they were offe……r. Boerboom’s experience illustrates, HyFlex was a natural fit for MSUB: our s……event that we first became aware of the HyFlex teaching format. At the conferenc……ts in the class intuitively grasped how HyFlex worked after the first three week……B highly motivated to adopt versions of HyFlex into their own courses.…arge issues emerged as we evaluated our HyFlex Pilot. Perhaps  most important i……terested in being part of the launch of HyFlex in 2020. We are not sure what thi…Upon reflecting on my first HyFlex class, I determined that I would design the c……x of us to investigate the potential of HyFlex for our University. Our scouting ……ion program assisted our exploration of HyFlex. Decisions about online staffing,……8. The Faculty Association included the HyFlex pilot on its agenda, and it was i…I learned through piloting HyFlex that it is a nimble course delivery format tha……vel to a conference to learn more about HyFlex. Unable to locate an upcoming con…… It is important to note, however, that HyFlex delivery does not imply that the ……e and support for others venturing into HyFlex delivery for the first time. I wi…I. Introduction: Setting the HyFlex StageIII. Housing HyFlexII. Why HyFlex?… during an exciting time: the launch of HyFlex delivery. As a new faculty, this ……. Check out the guidance they offer for HyFlex learning at the link found here [……m for those venturing into the world of HyFlex delivery. But it wasn’t just me……quired practical application of skills. HyFlex learning is not meant as a univer……eded to understand the logistics of how HyFlex delivery could occur. Cambrian ha……d in the hallway as the majority of the HyFlex delivery classrooms. Finally, I c…In Dr. Beatty’s approach to HyFlex learning, he encourages participation acros……t I managed to incorporate the topic of HyFlex into one of my research papers. S……f a new program while also delving into HyFlex delivery and emerged unscathed 10……eautiful destination for students. With HyFlex delivery it’s now a destination…Why HyFlex Learning@KU Leuven?Providing HyFlex Learning@KU Leuven…ning and blended forms in line with the HyFlex model presented by Beatty (2019).…… Retrieved from https://edtechbooks.org/HyFlexThe HyFlex course format affords a lot of flexibility in how you manage your cou……s to Students: Tips for Succeeding in a HyFlex Class The Student Voice on HyFlex More Student Reflections on their HyFlex ExperienceBrian Rayner: HyFlex Tips for Success…e ITEC MA program. Kate completed three HyFlex courses during her program of stu……rogram at SF State. David completed one HyFlex courses during his program of stu…In an interactive HyFlex class, classroom students participate in weekly discuss……ourage student reflective practice in a HyFlex course. The study we completed lo……forded and may even be encouraged. In a HyFlex course, both online and classroom…In a HyFlex course, the online discussions are a primary means of connecting stu…… a summary of their perspectives of the HyFlex experience. Click each video to l……dents to talk about her experience as a HyFlex student in several Instructional ……r other students just starting out in a HyFlex class, or considering enrolling i…In the HyFlex course design I’ve used, I design activities to connect online a……rchived discussions from all modes of a HyFlex class represents a substantial am…One assignment commonly used in HyFlex courses both at the graduate and undergra…… you’re an instructor planning to use HyFlex delivery, be sure to try it yours……arners need flexibility, and to me, the HyFlex process provides this, and should…… control goes increased responsibility. HyFlex delivery leads to increased stude……acilitate, require) interaction? In the HyFlex courses I teach, the driver is us……he ITEC MA program. Brian completed two HyFlex courses during his program of stu……his topic: A potential advantage of the HyFlex course design over a purely bi-mo…In a HyFlex environment, you get the opportunity to choose whether to attend in …HyFlex supports this “less-centered” role for the instructor by providing mu…HyFlex, as it’s implemented at SFSU, lets an instructor store their materials ……ile STELAR has shared information about HyFlex in various university communicati……e M.S. in Business Analytics program to HyFlex, but because enrollment in the on……icating this model to the registrar and HyFlex classes were not correctly repres…Our development of HyFlex courses started in the Opus College of Business, where……ege leadership supported and encouraged HyFlex delivery and paid the faculty gra……y have fewer concerns with implementing HyFlex.  However, we need to continue t……nchronous online option, as is true for HyFlex courses. …y of St. Thomas offered its first fully HyFlex course during the summer of 2017,……initiative, the university is expanding HyFlex course delivery and variations of……al was simply to successfully deliver a HyFlex course for the first time with ap…The technology we use to support HyFlex delivery continues to evolve.  Technolo…Our HyFlex experience has been successful above and beyond our initial expectati……er, we will focus on our first official HyFlex course, FINC 321, as it served as……on issue was simply determining how our HyFlex model would be structured, and wh…The success of the HyFlex model in our pilot has garnered the attention of other…The initial discussions in support of HyFlex adoption involved the business coll…… journey from our initial offering of a HyFlex course as part of the Take St. Th…Figure 4. The HyFlex FINC 321 Active Learning Classroom…e developed and offered FINC 321 in the HyFlex model of course delivery as a pro…HyFlex FINC 321 Pedagogy…, the SPED program is adopting the full HyFlex version of course delivery as a w…Faculty Development for Online and HyFlex LearningExpansion of HyFlex to Other ProgramsFigure 1. Explanation of HyFlex Technologies: VideoInitial HyFlex TechnologiesStudent Satisfaction with HyFlex FINC 321… given the option of offering online or HyFlex courses in summer 2017. The premi…Efforts are still fragmented around how HyFlex is being applied to various progr……e them for teaching blended, online and HyFlex courses. …ng a new(-ish) learning mode: Blendflex/HyFlex. Inside Higher Ed.Retrieved from ……r the “development of a co-located or HyFlex course that allows students to pa…Our adoption of HyFlex courses and technologies allowed us to help market the Un……rease enrollments rather than expanding HyFlex offerings while the SPED program …Our first official HyFlex offering involved a core summer undergraduate business……olving needs of tomorrow’s workforce. HyFlex presents an opportunity to provid……ster of 2014 to agree on our concept of HyFlex and how to implement it at our in…The student comments about their HyFlex teaching experience were:In summary, our HyFlex program is achieving college goals as demonstrated by the……s the merits of adopting the use of the HyFlex delivery model for business cours……course design and delivery shifted from HyFlex course delivery to incorporating ……e were provided to the faculty piloting HyFlex. Software such as Screencast-o-ma…Planning and Redesigning for HyFlex Delivery…one communication class section piloted HyFlex. For the business management clas…Figure 9. HyFlex Instructional Design Lesson… the team expected to see the impact of HyFlex delivery, is increased student en…Figure 1. Introductory module from HyFlex professional development course…nts for transitioning hybrid courses to HyFlex. The lead instructional designer …Figure 3. Sample content from Canvas HyFlex Community course…udents in the same physical space. The HyFlex program enables an increase in nu…Figure 4. Early version of HyFlex Lesson Planning DocumentInstitutional Goals for HyFlex…earlier in the chapter, when we piloted HyFlex we had just transitioned from bei…Figure 2. Partial notes handout for HyFlex Introductory VideoFigure 5. Example of HyFlex Lesson Planning Template…tivity over another. As stated earlier, HyFlex became a student-centered option …During our HyFlex pilot, 2014-2015, we limited the number of faculty participati…Since HyFlex affords both types of instruction via flexible attendance, the HyFl……ready in use at Delgado. The new model, HyFlex, solved several institutional cha……tudent participation flexibility). The HyFlex program enables an increase in st……owing video provides an Introduction to HyFlex presentation from 2015. (YouTube:……n the event of a natural disaster. The HyFlex program enables business continui……ive near the campus. The data show that HyFlex course design is a good fit for D……1% during the initial implementation of HyFlex with no increase in the enrollmen…… business courses are not advertised as HyFlex, lessons learned from the HyFlexThe faculty comments about their HyFlex teaching experience were:…ree business instructors delivered four HyFlex courses:HyFlex implementation varied due to the current course design and faculty teachi……the Louisiana Board of Regents to pilot HyFlex at Delgado. This grant provided c……f online sections. They are considering HyFlex as a solution to an instructor sh…HyFlex Faculty Tips:…ts of their learning environment). The HyFlex program enables an increase in en…The faculty involved in the HyFlex pilot were asked to think about the vision fo……lish, started to plan implementation of HyFlex in their Summer 2019 courses. Thi…The first HyFlex modules were introduced to students near the end of the Fall 20…Faculty included a reference to the HyFlex delivery approach in the course sylla…HyFlex Room Use…aforementioned benefits of adopting the HyFlex course delivery model, we also an……sful. External factors create barriers. HyFlex course design provides a solution…An initial HyFlex course lesson planning template was modified by an instruction……The faculty planned to create an online HyFlex student orientation. To date, the…HyFlex courses are class sessions that allow students to choose whether to at…… common reasons for moving forward with HyFlex. (See the case reports in Unit II…… general set of resources, then perhaps HyFlex isn’t a good choice. The type o……dministers develop some experience with HyFlex courses, their expectations may c……p you decide if and how to proceed with HyFlex. Every situation will have its ow…… single course are offered and a single HyFlex instructor is available to teach …When the use of HyFlex courses in an institution grows beyond a single instructo…In a HyFlex course, both fully online and fully classroom-based instruction shou……the past decade that we’ve been using HyFlex, we’ve seen remarkable shifts i…If you are considering using the HyFlex approach in courses or programs, you sho……onal approach) allows, for example if a HyFlex delivery approach was used. Keep ……oth modes of participation. Because the HyFlex faculty isn’t giving up the tra……dent support concerns ensuring that the HyFlex guiding principle of “Accessibi……nt for those students with little or no HyFlex experience and those who have bee……Note: This short story was written by a HyFlex faculty shortly after a weather-r……uite a bit of change happens over time. HyFlex designers, instructors and yes, e…Deciding to Launch HyFlex for an Institution…rses in the class schedule available in HyFlex mode and what special arrangement…Analyzing the Feasibility of HyFlex…ommunications are needed to explain the HyFlex format with participation flexibi…Defining HyFlex… for systems embracing Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses. In HyFlex classes, stud…Some institutions implement HyFlex programs strategically with substantial high-…… systems, policies, and practices, when HyFlex courses are brought into the curr……especially more complex approaches like HyFlex, what support do they need?……s were canceled. Because I am using the HyFlex design in the courses I teach, al…In a HyFlex course, both fully online and fully classroom-based instruction shou……xibility that would be ideal to support HyFlex enrollment. On our campus, we use……re four main ways students register for HyFlex courses that most institutions us……ortant considerations for administering HyFlex courses? As with the student and ……mmunity to support their development as HyFlex instructors, anyone can do this s……id courses, but may not include a fully HyFlex class). These requirements do not……icial description as way to standardize HyFlex instructional designs (course for…In a HyFlex course, both fully online and fully classroom-based instruction are …In a HyFlex course, when both online and traditional students are engaged in the……ional resources to instructors teaching HyFlex classes. Four common supports are……dency requirement enroll in one or more HyFlex classes at an institution. Intern……lable and introduce the students to the HyFlex format. The primary disadvantage ……ring the value that you can expect from HyFlex is only one side of the analysis.…What is a faculty to do? If you have a HyFlex class, you can simply require all ……ienced, unfortunately. In this way, the HyFlex experience is the same as any oth…… the very beginning of the course. Many HyFlex courses are listed as traditional……the primary distinguishing factor among HyFlex participation options is the way ……the principle of dynamic stability in a HyFlex environment; extremely challengin……ns should be included in that document. HyFlex classes will use a course website…Enrolling in a HyFlex class could present a problem if 1) the student has the op……ports do students need when beginning a HyFlex course experience? As with most, ……in offering courses and programs in the HyFlex mode is one that should be made c……increase, to varying extent, due to the HyFlex course design and teaching both i…… development funds for developing a new HyFlex course or for teaching a HyFlex c……challenge for someone starting out with HyFlex! (The significance of this challe…Several HyFlex faculty from San Francisco State University have provided short v……, is very much the same in all modes of HyFlex instruction. Faculty with experie…… Voice: Supporting Instructors in Using HyFlex…rt or if any classes might benefit from HyFlex adaptation. Not all instructors t……ice to students, positively identifying HyFlex classes in the Class Schedule or …“If you want to learn more about HyFlex or get hands-on experience organizing ……Transitioning to an Online World: Using HyFlex Courses to Bridge the Gap. Procee……rly useful. One meta-practice that many HyFlex instructors use is to design acti……gning up to be a TA and move a class to HyFlex is a way you can ‘act locally, ……f the four guiding values/principles of HyFlex is “Reusability: Utilize artifa…In a HyFlex course, both fully online and fully classroom-based instruction is p……d to change in the classroom to support HyFlex students who are showing up for c……Dalgarno, Lee, and Kenney, (2014)). In HyFlex classes, an instructor may be exp…In Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) classes, students are typically given full control o…The HyFlex instructor has to manage interactions with students in all modes of i……oach at some institutions is to include HyFlex classes in these professional dev……re time to faculty, either to develop a HyFlex course or to teach one? Or both? ……g with one of our faculty in creating a HyFlex version of his traditional classr…Based on my one experience providing HyFlex support to a part-time instructor, h……roaches. Several things may change in a HyFlex environment, however. Since stude……characterizes the faculty experience in HyFlex courses? The specific answer to t……16; Dabbagh, Marra & Howland, 2018). In HyFlex classes, an instructor may be exp…Miller, J.B. (2016). Investigating the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course …III. The HyFlex Model Comes to MichiganVII. Try HyFlex!II. How HyFlex Appeared on My RadarVI. Students Like HyFlex but Adoption Is SlowImplementation of HyFlex at UM would not be possible without the efforts of folk……rson narrative. Jack has been using the HyFlex model since 2011 and tells the st……tend Class: Stats 412 is taught using a HyFlex (hybrid-flexible) model. This mea……nd what is expected of them in terms of HyFlex and with technology in general. A…… lecture halls. I successfully used the HyFlex model at OSU for the academic yea……till, after experiencing the success of HyFlex in introductory statistics at OSU……pus, etc.). In my eight years using the HyFlex model, there have been only two d……and Baham, M. E. (2018b). Comparing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course…Surprisingly, my model for HyFlex somewhat mirrors the models of others even tho…My journey with HyFlex began when OSU was planning to make its transition from q……r students who mostly attend in person, HyFlex has allowed students to attend le…Since students really like the HyFlex opportunities they have at UM, certainly i…Since introducing HyFlex at UM, we have used several methods for live streaming …… a community of educators who offer the HyFlex model, and to ways in which toget……tinually responded positively to having HyFlex available for Stats 412. The flex……deal course in which to consider adding HyFlex in order to increase enrollment c……and Baham, M. E. (2018a). Comparing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course…Utilizing the HyFlex model in my statistics courses, both at OSU and at UM, has …HyFlex at the University of Michigan (UM) actually began at The Ohio State Unive……important student outcome of the use of HyFlex at UM has been affective in natur……iginal reasons that I started using the HyFlex model was so that I could teach m…One of the biggest challenges of the HyFlex model has nothing to do with HyFlex… Baham, M. E. (2018c). Implementing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course…Because Stats 412 is not listed as “HyFlex” in the UM course catalog, studen…In Stats 412, HyFlex means that students can attend class in person or remotely ……ter, you are at least interested in the HyFlex model—that’s great! I think H…IV. Implementation of HyFlex at MichiganUniversal Principles for HyFlex Course Design: Four PillarsThe HyFlex course design is built upon four fundamental values: Learner Choice, …The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design delivers a student-directed multi-mod…The four HyFlex values have guided the development of the HyFlex approach at San……Transitioning to an Online World: Using HyFlex Courses to Bridge the Gap. Procee…… one of the greatest challenges in the HyFlex approach.The primary reason a HyFlex course design should be considered is to give studen…Welcome to the HyFlex World…des one story of the development of the HyFlex design emerging from the backgrou……periences associated with learning in a HyFlex environment. Chapter 2.3 Supporti……describes the fundamental principles of HyFlex design, explains a process for de……ase stories related to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design so that they (you!…… control aspect, sometimes referring to HyFlex as delivering a “student-direct…… Francisco State we call this design “HyFlex”; many campuses use this term a…
innovation
… online: https://teachonline.ca/pockets-innovation/lenseignement-comodal-dual-mo……earning model. International Journal of innovation and Learning, 25(4), pp. 393-……hyflex course. International Journal of innovation and Learning 16(3), pp. 243-2……odziak, E. (2015). Employing disruptive innovation in a nascent undergraduate he…Figure 1. Categories of innovation Adopters: The Technology Adoption Lifecycle…ice consider the characteristics of the innovation, such as, 1) how well will it……et many. As I’ve shared the HyFlex “innovation” at faculty meetings, gathe…… Four Main Elements in the Diffusion of innovations process (2003)…and find significant value in using the innovation to meet goals, alleviate sign…… to initiate (sponsor) and implement an innovation that makes a difference in so……sm: A particular challenge in moving an innovation into this segment is that man……couraging climate to support the HyFlex innovation.…nization, at least when it comes to the innovation being considered. Members of …Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press.… waits until they see evidence that the innovation is likely to work for them, a……play a crucial role in the diffusion of innovation process. They act as the eyes……h their old ways than it is to adopt an innovation. In the case of Hyflex delive……ge scale. Sometimes participates in the innovation to avoid being left behind.……e or geography. In the language used in innovation diffusion discussions, our in……n most social organizations to adopt an innovation is called the “Late Majorit……y many of these typical “diffusion of innovations” elements, so understandin…Clearly, not every innovation makes it into or through this group of people. Rea……dget, policy interpretation) to support innovation.…iffusion is the process by which (1) an innovation (2) is communicated through c…If an innovation is going to continue on the adoption lifecycle it must move on ……a pioneer of serving the adult learner, innovation has always run deep in the or…… changing higher education landscape.  innovation and institutional efficiency ……s the luxury of a Teaching and Learning innovation Hub (AKA The Hub) which was i…Teaching & Learning innovation Hub. (2019). Retrieved from https://edtechbooks.o……to meet bottom-up, practically oriented innovation goals. The LECTURE+ project[1…… received project support from Flanders innovation & Entrepreneurship (project n……than promoting this as an instructional innovation through funding faculty cours……use technology to support instructional innovation and new attendance models. At…… interested in supporting instructional innovation and new course delivery model……. Powers of Two: Finding the Essence of innovation in Creative Pairs. Houghton M…
outcome
…nded synchronous learning environments: outcomes from a cross-case analysis. Com……ports “… no differences in learning outcomes or completion rates between the……, F. (2010). An Examination of Learning outcomes in Hyflex Learning Environments……c Students’ Satisfaction and Learning outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery……rs in blended synchronous environments: outcomes from a cross-case analysis. Com……s, 2010) The difference between student outcomes for online and face-to-face cla……rected” perspective lead to different outcomes?…irm or modify expected student learning outcomes.Step 4: Prepare to assess learning outcomes.…irm or Modify Expected Student Learning outcomes WorksheetFigure 1.4.4 Assess Learning outcomes Worksheet…ing? Or, what are your student learning outcomes?Learning outcomes (goals) not only determine the selection of content, but also ……ow will assessment of the same learning outcome be carried out with online stude…… (nd.). National Institute for Learning outcomes Assessment. Available online: h……ode must lead to be equivalent learning outcomes. No matter which participation …In general, I’ve found outcomes that include an activity statement to be much ……t in writing effective student learning outcomes, see the resources provided by …To summarize, for each learning outcome:…ld be able to list the student learning outcomes; oftentimes instructors start w……d should be halted. (All three of these outcomes are quite possible.)To summarize, for each outcome/goal or major objective:…als established by the student learning outcomes ar eused to develop objectives,…Can these outcomes be met effectively in all provided student participation mode……o the achievement of important learning outcomes. Especially when learning cours……cits. Student satisfaction and learning outcomes (i.e. academic performance) sho……c Students’ Satisfaction and Learning outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery…… two modes to achieve the same learning outcomes. In this chapter, we report on ……ortunity to achieve equivalent learning outcomes) and student engagement in the ……ekly table denoting the course learning outcomes for a given week and the assess…VI. The outcome…to confidently demonstrate the learning outcomes of the course. If an activity d……onfidently acquire the desired learning outcomes. This would inevitably require ……ties to try things out and evaluate the outcomes on the basis of evidence. To de……e data related to comparison of student outcomes but the required IRB process fo……tructor, course evaluations and student outcomes were approximately the same as ……proximately equivalent student learning outcomes while increasing summer term en……ievement is mixed. However, anticipated outcomes for HyFlex course delivery  is……nd 7. Faculty laid out student learning outcomes, the activities to be completed……ccess that leads to equivalent learning outcomes. It may be that there will alwa…By far the most important student outcome of the use of HyFlex at UM has been af…
Schedule
… sparingly when they had an unavoidable Schedule conflict. In the external conte……for that particular mode, students with Schedule conflicts, travel difficulties,……ort they have difficulty managing their Schedules to meet all the demands on the……s for non-participation associated with Schedule conflicts, travel difficulties,……ur students with more participation and Schedule flexibility, reviewable course …… options to accommodate travel or other Schedule conflicts, or achieving meaning…… enroll in two or more courses that are Scheduled to meet at the same time, and ……e any other hybrid course in the course Schedule. MSUB was not able to generate …… him to see if he had any presentations Scheduled. He did not have anything on h……red at times that fit into their packed Schedules. Students often mix and match ……in location better suits their personal Schedule.…er your personality in addition to your Schedule. Students who work well indepen…Set a Schedule, and stick to it. Because you don’t have a face-to-face meeting…… online education do so because of work Schedules that don’t permit for attend……accommodate things that come up in your Schedule (events, illness, etc.) while s…Get on a Schedule that works for both. If you plan to go back and forth between ……hen faced with the demands of busy life Schedules. Here’s a solution, take you……how you manage your coursework and your Schedule. You will find that classmates ……ding more convenient, more adaptable to Schedule needs, richer with more resourc……om two participation methods: regularly Scheduled in-person sessions or interact……al space, (2) creating a flexible class Schedule to support the needs of our par……on options and the weekly participation Schedule, instructions regarding the HyF…… lecture-free. Face-to-face classes are Scheduled (1) Monday and Wednesday (2) T……ed to designate the course in the class Schedule as a hybrid-delivered course an…… their class participation and personal Schedule.…r section. In this case, one section is Scheduled as traditional face to face (c……bility to identify courses in the class Schedule available in HyFlex mode and wh……s course materials during the regularly Scheduled class time. With a little sche……n hour before our graduate courses were Scheduled to begin for that evening, all……ters and that could support the student Schedule flexibility that would be ideal……for an institution, 2) enabling student Schedule flexibility, 3) managing worklo……y changes to the way a class section is Scheduled within the class scheduling sy……identifying HyFlex classes in the Class Schedule or program websites, calling ou…
Student
Painting a Picture of Student Experience based on Anecdotal Information…rse, i.e., 1) first, face to face (F2F) Students in the physical classroom, 2) s……x is a promising approach that promotes Students’ autonomy and access to educa……rses to serve both classroom and online Students since 2006, and many courses an……aterials that would fulfill the need of Students selecting that modality, and co…I constantly seek Students’ feedback to learn about their experiences, especia……ontrol measures. I wanted to discourage Students from using asynchronous modalit……rm commitment and not a quick fix for a Student attendance problem. A systematic……ned to allow collaborative work between Students aided by large SMART TV monitor……ector mirrors the desktop screen to the Students in the classroom and at the sam……other useful function would be tracking Students’ modality selection and perfo……out the new opportunities available for Students (and even faculty). However, as……rs, I noticed that approximately 50% of Students would stay consistent in using ……er more than a decade, working with the Students and faculty at San Francisco St……o help others find their way to provide Students with a better learning experien…… even started without our need to serve Students better in the Instructional Tec……oject combining online and face-to-face Students in two course at Columbia Unive……t understanding of what HyFlex meant to Students, faculty, and administrators. (……sity in Quebec City, Canada that allows Students three options for participation……activities that engage Higher Education Students and teachers in effective real-……approach combining classroom (onground) Students and online Students with synchr…… but nothing that seemed to provide the Student-directedness we wanted to provid……it instructional model on attributes of Student success (Order No. 10935064). A……a course with the learning needs of the Students as the primary concern so as to……u hybride flexible. [What do university Students think about hybrid-flexible, or……ulations of both on-campus and distance Students, a large team of faculty (39) a……rning needs of our twenty-first century Students through a comprehensive initiat……World- Hybrid, Flexible Classes for All Students. Paper presented at the Associa……al important institutional, faculty and Student factors. Institutional factors i……th classic HyFlex, though it seems that Students were NOT co-located (regional) ……learning as “a framework for enabling Students in both face- to-face and onlin…“In a Hybrid Flexible (HyFlex) Class, Students can choose to attend class eith…… instructional formats: online, hybrid (Student controlled), and flipped. Findin……east one online, and 2) support ongoing Student choice (flexibility) among these……rogram needed to change to attract more Students and to provide more participati……e options in one and the same course. A Student may even choose to start to take……ne; an approach to serving fully online Students without abandoning our current ……approaches that provide flexibility for Student participation. (See the case stu……he problem of needing to serve regional Students with online and classroom optio……rning/article/2018/01/24/blendflex-lets-Students-toggle-between-online-or-face-f……on a project describing research on the Student experience in multi-site graduat……s is a teaching methodology that allows Students to choose the format in which t……e Course and Program Design: Models for Student-Directed Hybrids. Paper and pane……milar approaches to combining classroom Students and online Students; some very ……roach to combining online and classroom Students that they call “Flexibly Acce……., Harlow, D. B., & DeBacco, K. (2011). Students’ experience of synchronous le……ped at Peirce College as a way to allow Students to choose between classroom and……other approach that, at least as far as Student participation options and contro……participation: Fully integrating online Students into residential classes via we……roach to combining online and classroom Students with Student choice (flexibilit……teaching to transform teaching and help Students develop transformative leadersh……esktop webconferencing and compares the Student experience in each.  Day and Ve…… virtual classroom: An investigation of Students’ engagement and the effect of……grams: Contrasting online and on-campus Students. Online Learning and Teaching, …… T., Stupnisky, R. H. (2017). Improving Student relatedness through an online di……lended delivery and learning: exploring Student choice, experience, and level of……er, M. D., and Griffiths, R. P. (2013). Student Choice, Instructor Flexibility: ……ourse Design: The Advantages of Letting Students Choose the Blend. Peer-reviewed…… and Vanderbeke, J. (2018). Multimedia Students: Engaging across platforms. An ……ntitative Inquiry into First Generation Students' Readiness for Distance Educati……e Course and Program Design: Models for Student-Directed Hybrids. Paper and pane……World- Hybrid, Flexible Classes for All Students. Paper presented at the Associa……4). Towards Flexible Learning for Adult Students: HyFlex Design. In M. Searson &……u hybride flexible. [What do university Students think about hybrid-flexible, or…Beatty, B. (2009, October). Student Self-reflections on Learning in a Hybrid Cou……wies, S., Wang, Z. (2019) Challenges of Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFle……n: Benefits and Challenges for Graduate Students. In R. C. Sharma (Ed.), Innovat……on, L. (2010). Assessing e-learning and Student satisfaction in a blended and fl……ing Learning Opportunities for Graduate Students withHyFlex Course Design. Inter……derstanding the Needs of Adult Graduate Students: An Exploratory Case Study of a……chine, H. & Pascot, D. (2014). Academic Students’ Satisfaction and Learning Ou……id-Flexible Course Design: Implementing Student-Directed Hybrid Classes. EdTech ……participation: Fully integrating online Students into residential classes via we……Keengwe, J. (2011). The New Blend: When Students are given the option to choose.……it instructional model on attributes of Student success (Order No. 10935064). A…… (2007, November). Blended Learning for Students with Choice: The HyFlex Course ……n: Benefits and Challenges for Graduate Students. In R. Sharma (Ed.), Innovativ……afortune, A. M. (2018). Differences in Students’ Perceptions of the Community……cial Work to HyFlex Blended Learning: A Student-centered Approach. Journal of Te……riences between face-to-face and online Students. International Journal of Desig……need to serve both online and on ground Students with a limited set of resources……ice, enabling them to better serve more Students, c) gain an awareness of the Hy……ese courses, and reports results around Student participation, academic success,……lexible (HyFlex) course design supports Student-directed learning in several imp……viding participation options to support Students' unique needs and preferences. …Why put all this effort into supporting Students’ directing their own hybrid l…The Value of a Student-Directed HybridIs implementing a Student-directed approach like HyFlex worth it to you? And to …Maximize Learning Path Flexibilty for Students… to realize the anticipated benefits to Students, faculty and institution broadl…Benefits to StudentsCosts to Students…environments found that, “on average, Students in online learning conditions p……hip of Class Attendance with grades and Student Characteristics. Review of Educa…If supporting Students in choosing their own "best fit" participation path throu……rt that their ability to better support Students who need alternatives to one-si…The greatest cost, or challenge, to Students is almost always the additional eff…… administrators is supporting increased Student success by providing more access……ach to hybrid course design is that the Student does not have the freedom to cho…It’s no surprise that Students consistently report they have difficulty managi……,096 possible paths (2^12) available to Students. If an instructor added in a se…Why should we consider implementing a Student-directed approach to class partici…… Analyze and confirm or modify expected Student learning outcomes.Figure 1.4.3. Plan Student Learning Activities (Content and Interaction)… Analyze and Confirm or Modify Expected Student Learning Outcomes Worksheet…For a through discussion of assessing Student learning, see Suskie (2018).…explaining your approach to faculty and Students, gathering administrator suppor…What are your goals for Student learning? Or, what are your Student learning out……at does the educator 'do' to facilitate Student learning?" … are specific statements about what the Students (or other participants) will ul……ame assessment approaches for classroom Students as they would in a single-mode ……les a flexible participation policy for Students, whereby Students may choose to…Suskie, L. A. (2018). Assessing Student learning: a common sense guide (3rd). S……ces for each topic, and for each set of Students. In many cases, the exact same ……l activities which you will use to help Students learn and meet the instructiona……nt, and activities to meet the needs of Students participating both in class and……urses than those focused more on actual Student learning. Outcomes that include ……elp you assess the extent to which your Students have achieved the intended lear…For support in writing effective Student learning outcomes, see the resources pr……instructional activities that will help Students meet instructional objectives a…… about, and mitigate the likelihood of, Student cheating. Using randomized quest……aching and learning environment for all Students in every participation mode. Th……p, your team should be able to list the Student learning outcomes; oftentimes in……g objectives should be the same for all Students; specific instructional objecti……yFlex course design may need to include Student satisfaction surveys apart from …Assessing Student learning is a critical component of all complete instructional…… & Kinzie, J. (2015). Using Evidence of Student Learning to Improve Higher Educa…Flexible – Students may choose whether or not to attend face-to-face sessions …In order to plan Student learning activities, select content and develop interac……omes be met effectively in all provided Student participation modes?Step 3: Plan Student learning activities (content and interaction).…ace learning components. In particular, Students are allowed to choose to comple……also found that relatively few (28%) of Students ever changed participation mode……ortant aspects of HyFlex, understanding Student participation patterns when stud……participants were largely male freshman Students. The authors state that their r……learner presence. Research reveals that Students who perceive all four presences……on the self-reported perceptions of 311 Students enrolled in multiple courses wi……nments in which face-to-face and remote Students receive simultaneous and synchr…This study explores Student engagement in a Hybrid-Flexible environment from not……wies, S., Wang, Z. (2019) Challenges of Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFle……ctional practices implemented to assure Student equity (given the opportunity to……ynchronous delivery mode (BSDM) affects Students’ perceptions of the CoI. This……hronous delivery mode, face-to-face and Students at a satellite site can have di…This study examined the Student success in an MBA Management Sciences and Statis…By looking at Student engagement in a media rich environment from an audience- a… “First Generation Students (FGS) enrollment in post-secondary universities a……be that the HyFlex course type supports Students more broadly (a wider range of ……me there is no substantial flexibility (Students may not have the freedom to cho……lso be called “Hybrid-Flexible” (if Student choice on format from session to……afortune, A. M. (2018). Differences in Students’ Perceptions of the Community……f HyFlex (or other term) with their own Students at a single institution. Some s……and classroom participation options for Students, the authors tell the story of …… J., Risser, M. & Griffiths, R. (2013). Student Choice, Instructor Flexibility: ……ntitative Inquiry into First Generation Students' Readiness for Distance Educati……se (N=439) as measured by self-reported Student satisfaction scores (measured wi……lended synchronous delivery mode offers Students flexibility to access education……d learning in a Flexible way, such that Students can either attend face-to-face ……employed to examine factors influencing Student engagement. Thereby, the matrix ……chine, H. & Pascot, D. (2014). Academic Students’ Satisfaction and Learning Ou…… distance are challenged to provide all Students with equitable access to learni……ergraduate statistics course, comparing Student performance in one section of th……be followed face-to-face or remotely by Students, which allows them to choose we…… instructional model. This model allows Students flexibility about how to partic…2013: Student Performance in a Large Undergraduate Statistics Course “This thesis investigates Student engagement in the Media and Communication …2015: Student Performance in a Large Undergraduate STEM Class… differences in face-to-face and online Students’ perceptions of the community…2016: Student Performance in Quantitative Graduate MBA Courses …03). The primary measure used to assess Student readiness was the SmarterMeasure…2015: First Generation Students in HyFlex Courses (Doctoral Dissertation)…-of-class study time, and motivation on Student exam performance. Generalized le…2007: Student Participation in Small Graduate Seminar Classes … and Vanderbeke, J. (2018). Multimedia Students: Engaging across platforms. An …2019: Student Perceptions of HyFlex Courses…hat there is an achievement gap between Students taking courses exclusively offe…2018: Student Perceptions of Community of Inquiry (Doctoral Dissertation)…rch question revealed that face-to-face Students felt more motivated to explore …2018: Student Engagement in a HyFlex Program (Master’s thesis)…brid course design encouraging flexible Student participation patterns – the H……u hybride flexible. [What do university Students think about hybrid-flexible, or…2014: Student Performance in a Large Undergraduate Business Course2019: Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course (Book chapter)…yFlex delivery approach for faculty and Students in courses or disciplines where……cademic organization, some faculty (and Students and administrators) will not be……am? Institutions that have been serving Students with traditional classroom-base……y to teach both online and face to face Students at the same time (HyFlex) in re……er the average time to degree among our Students (especially undergraduates).……ion. In the case of Hyflex delivery, if Students and other key stakeholders (adm……x delivery is right for all situations (Students, content, program, and especial……to alleviate scheduling bottlenecks for Students, show them evidence of how HyFl……is fine for you, but I’d rather teach Students than computers any day.”……ity to extend learning opportunities to Students participating remotely - in tim……ional budgets, transparent and detailed Student success data, and growing studen……g control of participation decisions to Students, requiring more instructional r……reate an online program or serve online Students by leveraging the effective cla……to increase graduation rates or overall Student success, and recognize that HyFl……y recognize the need for his or her own Students to have more flexible attendanc……be a mix of faculty, administrators and Students. However, I would argue that fa……wn teaching, believe that most of their Students are learning effectively (or at……are significant differences in content, Students, or delivery context between th……lty set expectations for both groups of Students within a single course.  Early…… relatively small as a result of giving Students an option for delivery mode. Th…Student choice is important for adult learners…ssroom management strategies, perceived Student perceptions, and needed support.…Offers Students a plan to avoid absenteeismStudents not changing from week-to-week & lack of understanding of what Peirce F……ion is delivered at this College.  For Students, the model would provide flexib…Desire for Students to attend at least the first class on campus…ential, Mid-Atlantic urban institution. Student demographics are as follows: 80%…Students using cell phones for assignments…of in-person attendance as a barrier to Student retention in a single course.  ……has been a positive experience for both Students and faculty in the Peirce Fit®…… Communications, Instruction, Faculty & Student Support, and Assessment.  The I……his new model, now called Peirce Fit®, Students choose, every week, whether to ……elivery methods as a way of meeting the Students where they are and providing op…Student expectations…prove instruction and opportunities for Students. …rsistence, attendance, and the need for Students to maximize financial aid in re……nstructional design specialist, and the Student learning assessment specialist.…he flexibility Peirce Fit® affords our Students. Student feedback was overwhelmingly positive. The online-only Students appreciat……ine is that it’s important to provide Students with a consistent experience wi……ersity Billings) The average age of our Students is 24.6, and many Students enro…… HyFlex was a natural fit for MSUB: our Student demographics, faculty experience……f hybrid design. Despite the intriguing Student-centered possibilities of HyFlex…Once my Students got used to how the course looked different from on-campus or h……sure that we can clearly communicate to Students what HyFlex means for them. The…Student demand for online course sections is high, and academic departments stru……ould allow both my on-campus and online Students to interact more with one anoth……s in the city.  Fifty-seven percent of Students enrolled in the university are ……ions were well-designed so as to ensure Student success and retention. As a resu……ourse delivery format that accommodates Students managing several obligations. H…… and partly out of necessity to fulfill Student demand. A minority of faculty ha……istrative associate to communicate with Students about how to register for my Hy……: Media Criticism, serve very different Student populations. The Introduction to……learned quickly that communication with Students about their participation optio……lty who participated in the pilot asked Students to complete a survey on their e…It was a rewarding challenge as some Students came into the program without any ……ambrian’s strategic goal: putting the Student first. From a pedagogical perspe…… in a couple of ways. In one assignment Students were required to chair a coordi……ng my goals for the inaugural cohort of Students, I needed to understand the log……evidence of success. Firstly, of the 21 Students of the inaugural cohort, all 21……b added a Zoom plugin that allowed both Students and faculty to access the virtu……rooms. Finally, I created tutorials for Students using a screen recording platfo…… creates opportunities for face-to-face Students to interact with asynchronous o……-research driven HyFlex project, 88% of Students had consensus that the ability ……ing of the interaction for asynchronous Students. If you rely on a discussion b……, making it a beautiful destination for Students. With HyFlex delivery it’s no……t I didn’t need much convincing. As a Student myself, I can attest that having…Asynchronous Students… to mentor, all while continuing to put Students first.…r can be especially demoralizing to the Student, with one Student who experience……hots from the perspective of the remote Student participating in sessions giving…… interaction are highly appreciated and Students indicate that teachers should e…… virtual classroom: An investigation of Students’ engagement and the effect of…Impacts on Students and Teachers…t results in courses with participating Students spread over Flanders. Several t…Students’ Experiences…EDU, maximum flexibility is provided to Students. As EDU is part of an extensive……organize formative assessments to check Students’ understanding. Yet, interact……: “I thought that teaching to virtual Students would have been very artificial…… on the experiences of the teachers and Students who used the hybrid virtual cla…Benefits for Students…ch makes the program more accessible to Students who are combining work and educ……easily interact with on-site and remote Students by asking oral questions or lau……lassrooms’ is connecting both on-site Students and individual remote Students ……participants in our experimental study, Students in the context of the teacher t…Seeing the remote Students as good as the on-site Students is expressed by every……virtual classroom in which both on-site Students and remote Students can follow ……. Many studies state that 1) for remote Students the learning experience is stil……mpuses and institutions are open to all Students, independently from which progr……age that the teacher can see the remote Students, one teacher indicated that she……e solution easy to use for teachers and Students, supporting natural teaching an…Students mentioned the following actions as the most effective to guarantee and ……4). A Comparison of online/face-to-face Students’ and instructor’s experienc……m includes improved software to connect Students and the teacher to make spontan…In the EDU program, Students have the flexibility to choose the specific campus ……ve attention to both on-site and remote Students, managing the new technology an…Teachers told us that some Students were very skeptical about the new format of …Yet, we should acknowledge that the Student’s belief was reasonable as many st……id-Flexible Course Design: Implementing Student-directed hybrid classes (1st ed…… wondered how they were visible for the Students. The nice thing about the syste…… the ‘Share Button’, every (remote) Student is able to share his/her screen.……y of the main benefits for teachers and StudentsFigure 4 (below) displays what remote Students see when participating in a sessi……nments (often written papers) encourage Students to give, solicit and receive fe……sions are a primary means of connecting Students who complete class activities o…A number of years ago, we asked several Students to provide us a summary of thei……San Francisco State University graduate Students to talk about her experience as…We asked three of our Students to provide guidance for other Students just start…Many instructors ask Students to write reflection papers for each class or week ……ion environment for asynchronous online Students, since they can join in discuss……f the class. If you’re a face-to-face Student opt for a class or two online or……ivities to connect online and classroom Students in meaningful ways, in an effor……al course content. In most discussions, Students bring up applications of concep…From Students to Students: Tips for Succeeding in a HyFlex Class ……a little different. Because many online Students participate on the weekend, the…Connecting Students through Common Activities and Shared Experience…re going to be primarily a face-to-face Student make sure to use the online note…The Student Voice on HyFlex …enhances the social experience for many Students. Because the class makes use of…More Student Reflections on their HyFlex ExperienceAre your Students ready for that?…ussions: A Shared Experience to Connect Students…everal important aspects of the general Student experience in Hybrid-Flexible co…Student Responsibility for Learning…mester, we’ve found that about 90% of Students complete most or all of these a…Discussions Drive Connections among Students…and low maintenance activity that draws Students together frequently and regular…Who is responsible for Student learning? Is it the teacher? University or school……llenge is often integrating live online Students into the small group discussion…The context: Students are required to post a reflection (essentially a journal e……d Miles Rayner was a 2007-2008 graduate Student in the ITEC MA program at SF Sta……rnative learning paths are presented to Students, and the Students are given con……rsonality in addition to your schedule. Students who work well independently, ma…… an interactive discussion requirement. Students use discussions in at least two……best friends. The same applies to those Students taking the course primarily onl……-fold. First, the instructor wants each Student to reflect on and reveal somethi……onsibility is by directing (dictating?) Student behavior in ways that they belie…Here is a sample Student reflection comment about their course experience that r……gn over a purely bi-modal course (where Students are either fully online or full…… an interactive HyFlex class, classroom Students participate in weekly discussio……Doyle, C. (2008). Power Up: A Practical Student’s Guide to Online Learning. Up…What do higher education Students write about when asked to reflect upon their l……d presentations all of which need every Student to be involved to the most effec……ly take place in an asynchronous forum. Students working online respond to a pre……nstructor by providing multiple ways of Student participation in course learning…Because all Students complete weekly reflection posts and because the assignment……lassroom, but with an online window for Students who can’t come to class. Our ……r new information has been presented to Students, they usually need an intermedi…“As an MA/Ed ITEC Student who graduates this month, I’m feeling a sense of g……s to teach both online and face to face Students in the same class. In many case…… a defined body of content and requires Students to read lots of information and……atly on the specific situation for each Student. Although this responsibility fo……ethod of combining classroom and online Students that I have found effective is …When online Students are part of our synchronous class, they join in the live sm……co-located or hyflex course that allows Students to participate on-campus or rem…Increasing Student enrollment is a goal shared by both faculty and administrator…… undergraduate business course in which Students could choose to participate in …… for participation points, asynchronous Students were required to create a short……y described the model.  Interestingly, Student enrollment in the online section……on-campus and Zoom (synchronous online) Students engage with each other and the ……ourse type category called HyFlexin our Student information system that more acc……e Course and Program Design: Models for Student-Directed Hybrids,” and liked h…One to two Students were paid to assist during each class period, helping with s……hes were few with more than half of the Students reporting no glitches and only ……lect more data related to comparison of Student outcomes but the required IRB pr…… per instructor, course evaluations and Student outcomes were approximately the ……irst time with approximately equivalent Student learning outcomes while increasi…… better address equivalency and improve Student-Student interaction in the async……tructor can deliver a course that meets Students where they are and how they lea…… instruction were considered useful and Students felt they learned as much or mo……y point (last day of class) and not all Students liked using the catch box for a……t supported traditional classroom-based Student participation as well as equival…The majority of Students reported participating asynchronously online and this w……adjunct contracts, while still honoring Student learning preferences.  The grad…2018 FINC 321 Student Survey ResultsFigure 7. Student SatisfactionStudent Satisfaction with HyFlex FINC 321…nrollment in those courses was growing, Student enrollment in on-campus undergra……l the classroom pedagogy which required Students to verbally support their posit……eeds of our part- and full-time working Students and for ‘life happens’ mome…Number of Students served = 50 StudentsBy Fall 2018, 68% of our Student population was female, the average age of our s…Helms, J. (2014). Comparing Student Performance in Online and Face-to-face Deliv……ided by the HyFlex design in support of Student success. College-wide, there is …Number of Students served = 25 Students…ess of Fully Online Courses for College Students: Response to a Department of Ed…Goal 3: Increase Student enrollment (by appealing to Students’ desire to contr……e merits of each delivery mode, and how Students benefit most from each learning……first HyFlex modules were introduced to Students near the end of the Fall 2015 t…… faculty developed several handouts for Students. The handouts explained the HyF……odel, we also anticipated that improved Student success (retention, progression ……and management classes, 21 (72%) of the Students attended the class online inste……culty communicated the course design to Students in various formats as seen in F……ine, F2F, and hybrid options per term. Students may also register for 8-week te……rm and throughout, the faculty met with Students to demonstrate how the online p……echnical colleges in Louisiana provides Students with the opportunity to earn cr…The Student comments about their HyFlex teaching experience were:…ur institution hybrid delivery requires Students to attend one day face-to-face …Total Students…ed or desired. We know that reasons for Students not completing courses are prim……impact of HyFlex delivery, is increased Student enrollment over time. Often, onl…Goal 1: Serve more Students in the same physical space. The HyFlex program enab……ered course and explain to the enrolled Students the course participation option…Goal 2: Increase Student retention (by providing Student participation flexibili…In addition to Student satisfaction with the format, the number of Students capa……s a lab and focused on concrete skills. Students used guides, videos, and checkl…… solution to an instructor shortage and Student preference for online. The Crimi…Improved Student successServing more Students…he HyFlex approach should enable higher Student retention and completion than …… also useful to periodically remind all Students in a class of the overall parti…As explained above, Students need basic information about their participation op…Another general Student support needed is the ability to identify courses in the…One way to attract Students to both modes (online and face to face) is to split ……handouts in class and you expect online Students to access these as well (synch……our locally-hosted LMS was off line, so Students couldn’t immediately access c……le (HyFlex) courses. In HyFlex classes, Students are typically given full contro……all I had to do was send an email to my Students telling them to complete their ……ive participation modes, much like some Students learn better verbally (listenin……g parameters and that could support the Student schedule flexibility that would …Enabling Student Scheduling Flexibility…ministering HyFlex courses? As with the Student and faculty experience, the spec…Aligning Support for Students and Faculty…a “Flex”: The Case of International Students… visa regulations require international Students to be enrolled full time (12 un…Providing Support for Students…ourse, when both online and traditional Students are engaged in the same learnin…The value to Students and others in being able to participate either online or i……ience learning as an online (or hybrid) Student as they learn how to teach in th…Related to participation decisions Students must make is clearly identifying……eetings (both for on-campus room and in Students’ academic schedules), these c……instruction are provided; in many cases Students are given the option to attend …… class, you can simply require all your Students to meet online for that session…Regrettably, some Students will not change their practice (even if they “appre……expectations should be explained before Students enroll in a course if possible ……HyFlex participation options is the way Students interact while learning, it mak…… for, and acceptance of, uncertainty as Student participation mode changes from …Once a class begins, some Students will need very specific guidance about how an……class could present a problem if 1) the Student has the option of completing all…What supports do Students need when beginning a HyFlex course experience? As wit……x courses are class sessions that allow Students to choose whether to attend cla……e was not convenient or simple for some Students, but it was better than missing…As faculty, Students and administers develop some experience with HyFlex courses…… scheduled as fully online. This allows Students looking for either of these mod……y (or polling) function. As faculty and Students begin using the survey function…… system across the institution, and for Students, faculty and staff.Another area of expectation change the Student digital experience. Even over the…… out the returns to the organization or Students aren’t worth the cost to the ……classroom-based course is limited to 35 Students because only 35 Students can fi……content and interactive experiences for Students in both modes of participation.…… materials. Another important aspect of Student support concerns ensuring that t……in a HyFlex environment, however. Since Students are free to choose their partic…Engagement: Students normally share video and audio from their remote location w……ent: Assessing learning for synchronous Students may be identical to that for cl……l learning environment, 2) workload, 3) Student-instructor interaction, and 4) a…Teaching fully online asynchronous Students involves a set of tasks and skills t……n and teaching both in-class and online Students. First, developing the course p…… to those teaching increased numbers of Students in a HyFlex class if the enroll…… and materials acquired and deployed to Students, the faculty has to manage the ……, providing informational resources for Students in all learning modes. For inst…Student-Instructor InteractionTable 6.1 Examples of Student-Instructor Interaction in Varied Instructional Mod…Assessing Student learning, in general, is very much the same in all modes of Hy…The Student Assistant Voice: Supporting Instructors in Using HyflexInstructor engages online Students during in-class discussion and group activiti……maintain out-of-class interactions with Students who expect in-person support an……e our courses need to meet the needs of Students who may be unable to attend cla……ocal appreciation awards for service to Students, positively identifying HyFlex …Instructor addresses online Students similarly to in-class Students…Instructor acknowledges online Students in class recordings and in recorded mess…Feedback to Students during instructional activities is timely, accurate, and si……supporting formative assessment for all Students that meet the specific needs of…… mode as “learning objects’ for all Students.” (See Chapter 1.2 for a full…When working with online Students, the challenge to instructors is translating t……llenge for instructors is ensuring that Students are engaged in a single learnin……sume instructors are skilled at teacher-Student interaction in the classroom env……ons; collaborative activities involving Students and instructor… in time between the instructor and the Student. Oftentimes there is also geogra……ange in the classroom to support HyFlex Students who are showing up for class in…Teaching fully online synchronous Students involves a set of tasks and skills th…In Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) classes, Students are typically given full control o……tructor has to manage interactions with Students in all modes of instruction. It…… to provide informational resources for Students in all learning modes.…social cues being sent and read by both Students and the instructor as content i……nt: Assessing learning for asynchronous Students is very similar to that for cla……ectives of major stakeholders: faculty, Students, administration, and institutio……HyFlex is an excellent way to offer our Students choice and flexibility in their…VI. Students Like HyFlex but Adoption Is Slow…d the backchannel, it is important that Students understand what is expected of ……a premium. My thought was that allowing Students to attend synchronously in pers……duced HyFlex in a very large (1500-1800 Students per semester) introductory stat……nology to stream to the majority of our Students, it is difficult—if not impos……want the recordings to be available for Students for many reasons, including for……explain it is that I need at least some Students to be with me in person so that……oposed “Semester Conversion: Too Many Students, Too Little Time” for a $10,0…Regardless of how many Students choose each attendance modality, the in-person l…Additionally, for Students who mostly attend in person, HyFlex has allowed stude…Since Students really like the HyFlex opportunities they have at UM, certainly i……verywhere in the past few years was the Students’ ability to see and answer ea…The details given to the Students for the Winter (known elsewhere as Spring) 201……it. During the 2018-2019 academic year, Students were offered two options for st…… provide the best opportunities for our Students.…rial. After watching the recording, one Student inquired about having recordings……ddition to my personal affective gains, Students at UM have continually responde……rse has a Calculus 3 pre-/co-requisite. Students in Stats 412 come from both the…The backchannel allows Students attending remotely to ask me questions during le……, M.D., and Griffiths, R.P. (May 2013). Student Choice, Instructor Flexibility: …… in this chapter, Stats 412 is taken by Students primarily enrolled in both the ……lex techniques, I am able to provide my Students with continuous choice of class……ble options to meet the requirements of Students trying to graduate in impacted …By far the most important Student outcome of the use of HyFlex at UM has been af……ex model was so that I could teach more Students without taking up more physical…… Z., and Albert, M. (2019). Analysis of Student Use of Video in a Flipped Classr……ice ended after the Fall 2017 term when Student synchronous (in-person or live s…… “HyFlex” in the UM course catalog, Students who may be unaware of the HyFle…In Stats 412, HyFlex means that Students can attend class in person or remotely ……xible (HyFlex) course design delivers a Student-directed multi-modal learning ex……ive participation modes, much like some Students learn better verbally (listenin…… in an online-delivered form for online Students. Podcasts, video recordings, di……ernative participation modes and enable Students to choose between participation……ion modes are not valid alternatives if Students cannot effectively participate …… mode as “learning objects’ for all Students.                ……er choice” leads to goals such as, “Students will choose to participate in X……g. Providing an alternative approach to Students which leads to inferior learnin…… design should be considered is to give Students a choice in how they complete c……vities accessible to and usable for all Students. For example, audio or video re…Equip Students with technology skills and equitable access to all participation …… similar approaches that support varied Student particpation modes, but don't me……ectives of major stakeholders: faculty, Students, administration, and institutio……on factors that instructors, designers, Students and administrators have experie……tend your own practice and better serve Students around the world. We are making……ybrid-Flexible Course Design to Support Student-Directed Learning Paths… need to serve both online and onground Students with a limited set of resources……ne online and onground (classoom-based) Students - have been used successfully f…