act - a part of a play; a major way of dividing a play1

alliteration - a series of words that share the same starting sound

allusion - an indirect reference to something

anaphora - the repetition of a word or words at the beginning of a phrase, clause, or sentence

catharsis - the process of providing relief from emotion often found toward the end of tragic plays

climax - the most interesting or exciting part of a story

comedy - a funny play; a play that makes the audience laugh

diction - the choice and use of words used to express an exact meaning

epistrophe - the repetition of a word or words at the end of a phrase, clause, or sentence2

euphemism - a way of saying something that is more polite and often more indirect

falling action - the events that happen after the most interesting part of the story but before the end of the story3

flashback - a past incident recurring vividly in the mind4

foreshadowing - a hint at what is to happen in the future or later in a story

hyperbole - an exaggeration

imagery - descriptive language that creates an image in the mind of the reader or listener

inciting incident - an event that is not normal to the character(s) and starts moving a story forward5

juxtaposition - the placement of opposing ideas or qualities near each other to emphasize one or both of them through contrast

line - a horizontal group of words in a poem. A line may be a word, phrase, clause, or sentence; a line is not defined by length

metaphor - a comparison that does not use "like" or "as"

motif - a recurring pattern of a thematic element6

onomatopoeia - a word that represents the sound something makes

oxymoron - a set of contradictory or opposing words

paradox - a situation or phrase that seems contradictory but is true7

personification - giving human characteristics to non-human things or animate characteristics to non-animate things; make a nonperson seem like a person

resolution - the end of the story where the problem/conflict in the story is resolved

rhyme - a word that ends with the same sound as another word8

rhyme scheme - a pattern of rhyming words at the end of lines in poems

rising action - multiple events and actions that build up to the most interesting part of a story9

scene - a set of related events in a play set in one place; a part of an act10

simile -  a comparison that uses "like" or "as"

stanza -  a group of lines that make a unit in a poem11

syllable -  a unit of sound that has at least one vowel12

symbolism -  the use of one thing to represent another

tone - the attitude of the author towards a topic

tragedy - a sad play; a play with an unhappy ending where the main character loses power, wealth, or status













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