U3 Listening

Before You Listen

Vocabulary to Know

1. cease* - end; stop

2. circumstances* - situation; the conditions something happens in

3. creek - a small river

4. firewood - wood that is used to make a fire

5. foundation* - base; the lowest level that something is built on

6. grasp - hold; hold in one's hand(s)

7. mitten - a glove with one area for the fingers rather than separate areas for each finger

8. moccasin - a shoe that is made of leather and sewn together

9. remove* - take off; take away

10. seek* - look for

11. trail - a small path usually found in the wilderness

12. Yukon - an area in Canada1; also the name of a river in Canada and Alaska 2

* Academic Word List word

1. https://www.britannica.com/place/Yukon-territory

2. https://www.britannica.com/place/Yukon-River 

Story Context:

Jack London was an American short story writer and novelist who lived from 1876 to 19161. He often wrote adventure stories and stories set in the wilderness such as The Call of the Wild and White Fang 1.

One of his more famous short stories is To Build a Fire which is set in the Yukon during the winter. The winters in Canada and Alaska are very cold. When traveling in extreme cold, a person needs to be careful to stay warm by wearing warm clothes, staying dry, and warming up near a fire or inside a shelter. If a person becomes too cold, their body can begin to freeze, and they could even die. Traveling in the extreme cold of the Yukon is dangerous. 

A snow covered shore next to a clear lake with snow covered mountains in the background

Image: Maximilian Ruther, 2022

1. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Jack-London



Click the link to listen to To Build a Fire by Jack London:


While You Listen

Exercise 3.9

As you listen take notes using the following chart.

 Your Notes

Who is this story about?

Where does the story happen?

How does the story begin? What happens at the beginning of the story?

What is the most exciting part of the story? 
How does the story end? Is the problem solved or unsolved?

What is your favorite part of the story?

After You Listen

Exercise 3.10

Part 1:

Answer the questions below. 

1. Was there any use of flashback in this short story? 

3. Was there any use of foreshadowing in this short story? 

3. Were there any motifs in this story?

4. Were there any paradoxes used in this story?

5. Did the author make any allusions in this story?

6. Why do you think the author used the literary devices that he did?

Part 2:

Compare your answers with a partner. Did you identify the same or different literary devices used?

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