K-12 Blended Teaching

A Guide to Personalized Learning and Online Integration
Charles R. Graham, Jered Borup, Cecil R. Short, & Leanna Archambault

This book is your guide to blended teaching in K-12 spaces. It was designed to help both pre-service teachers and in-service teachers prepare their classes for blended teaching. This book begins by orienting you to the foundational dispositions and skills needed to support your blended teaching practice. Then you will be introduced to four key competencies for blended teaching:

  • Online Integration – ability to effectively combine online instruction with in-person instruction.
  • Data Practices – ability to use digital tools to monitor student activity and performance in order to guide student growth.
  • Personalizing Instruction – ability to implement a learning environment that allows for student customization of goals, pace, and/or learning path.
  • Online Interaction – ability to facilitate online interactions with and between students.
Suggested Citation

Graham, C. R., Borup, J., Short, C. R., & Archambault, L. (2018). K-12 Blended Teaching : A Guide to Personalized Learning and Online Integration. EdTech Books. Retrieved from https://edtechbooks.org/k12blended


CC BY-SA: This book is released under a CC BY-SA license, which means that you are free to do with it as you please as long as you (1) properly attribute it and (2) share any derivative books under an open license.


Charles R. Graham

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Charles R. Graham is a Professor of Instructional Psychology and Technology at Brigham Young University. He studies the design and evaluation of online and blended learning environments as well as the use of technology to enhance teaching and learning. In 2015 Charles became a Fellow of the Online Learning Consortium "For outstanding achievement in advancing theory, research and effective practice in online and blended learning." He is also a Fellow with the Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute for his work to develop a K-12 Blended Teaching Readiness instrument for preservice and inservice teachers. Details regarding other books and articles authored by Charles can be found online at https://sites.google.com/site/charlesrgraham/ 

Jered Borup

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Jered Borup is the professor-in-charge of George Mason University's Blended and Online Learning in Schools Master's and Certificate programs that are devoted to improving teacher practices in online and blended learning environments. Previous to earning his Ph.D. at Brigham Young University, Jered taught history at a junior high school for six years. He has also taught online and blended courses since 2008. His current research interests include developing online learning communities and identifying support systems that adolescent learners require to be successful in online environments. A full list of his publications can be found at https://sites.google.com/site/jeredborup/

Cecil R. Short

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Cecil R. Short is a doctoral student in the Instructional Psychology and Technology program at Brigham Young University (BYU). Cecil’s research focuses on blended teaching competencies, preparing K-12 teachers for online and blended teaching, and the creation of Open Educational Resources. At BYU, Cecil teaches an undergraduate course for preparing K-12 pre-service teachers for online and blended teaching. Prior to arriving at BYU, Cecil taught freshman English classes for the University of Central Missouri and the University of Missouri - Kansas City. Cecil first became interested in blended teaching as a blended teaching practitioner, teaching high school English in the Raymore-Peculiar school district near Kansas City, Missouri.

Leanna Archambault

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Dr. Leanna Archambault is an Associate Professor of Learning Design and Technology within the Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College at Arizona State University. Her research areas include teacher preparation for K-12 online and blended classrooms, the use of innovative technologies to improve learning outcomes, and sustainability literacy among preservice teachers. Archambault is the program coordinator for the Educational Technology Master’s program at ASU, and together with Dr. Jered Borup, she serves as Co-Editor of the Journal of Online Learning Research, an open access journal that publishes research focused on K-12 online and blended learning. Prior to entering the field of teacher education, Archambault taught middle school English/language arts in the Clark County School District in Las Vegas, Nevada.