Browse Books by Keyword: "Middle School"

No books are available with that keyword.

Related Chapters

Humanities Education in the U.S. Rural South: Design, Development, and Practice
Humanities Education in the U.S. Rural South: Design, Development, and Practice

The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a humanities education project that took place in a middle school in the rural U.S. South. Through a partnership between a state university and local school system, K-12 teachers engaged in two y…

Three Good Things
Three Good Things

The Three Good Things activity gets students thinking positively by reflecting on good things that happen to them. For this activity, students are encouraged to write down three positive things that have happened to them every day for a week. These c…

Counting Blessings
Counting Blessings

One way to increase your students’ optimistic outlook is by having them “count their blessings.” This gratitude based activity has students list 5 things they are grateful for, on a daily or weekly basis. This simple activity only t…

Recognizing and Utilizing Personal Strengths
Recognizing and Utilizing Personal Strengths

Dr. Martin Seligman and one of his colleagues Dr. Peterson (2004) discovered that there are 24 positive personality traits that each person can possess, which they called character strengths. These strengths include traits such as kindness, bravery, …

Genius Hour
Genius Hour

Based on a Google initiative to promote employee engagement and productivity, “Genius Hour”, or 20% time, allows students the opportunity to dedicate part of the school day to work on research-based projects that are of interest to them. …

Secret Strengths Spotting
Secret Strengths Spotting

After learning about the VIA (Values in Action) Character Strengths(See Recognizing and Utilizing Personal Strengths), students are encouraged to look for those strengths in their peers. Additionally, teachers are encouraged to “spot” the…

Educating Students about Benefit Appraisals
Educating Students about Benefit Appraisals

Educating students about benefit appraisals encourages them to notice the helpful intentions of others, the benefits of gifts they have been given, and the sacrifices made by others. Froh et al. (2014) recommends that students be taught about benefit…

Envisioning Your Best Possible Self
Envisioning Your Best Possible Self

The “best possible self” intervention invites students to imagine themselves at a time in the future, when 'they have achieved everything desired, after working hard towards it” (Carrillo et al., 2019, p.2). Students are encouraged …

Healthy Body Image Intervention
Healthy Body Image Intervention

Contrary to the belief that body image issues are only prevalent among teens, it has been found that body dissatisfaction begins in young children, with nearly 50% of children ages six to twelve reporting unhappiness with their appearance (Bird et al…

Student-Led Health Program
Student-Led Health Program

As you begin developing a health improvement program for your school, you might consider the creation of a student-led school health improvement team. Students can help model and promote healthy eating and physical activity habits among their peers. …

Healthy Sleep Habits
Healthy Sleep Habits

Poor sleep affects many school-aged children and adolescents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020) report that between 60-70% of middle and high school students do not get the recommended amount of sleep each night. Among younger chi…

Classroom Physical Activity
Classroom Physical Activity

To help students reach the recommended 60 minutes of daily physical activity, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2019) advocate for integrated classroom physical activity, in addition to daily recess and physical education classes.…

Acts of Kindness
Acts of Kindness

There are several ways in which educators can support kindness between students. While there are many variations of acts of kindness activities, Shankland & Rosset (2017) suggest two classroom kindness interventions to support wellbeing. First, e…

Taking in the Good (HEAL)
Taking in the Good (HEAL)

Rick Hanson (2013) found that by focusing on and taking in our good experiences, even just for about twelve seconds, rather than ignoring them, we can train our brains to be more positive. In other words, when we use the amplifying strategy of savori…

Mindful Photography
Mindful Photography

For the mindful photography intervention, students are encouraged to take pictures of things that are meaningful to them throughout the week. By reflecting on these photographs either through a writing activity, or by sharing them with their peers, s…

G-POWER Goal Setting
G-POWER Goal Setting

A variation of the Hope Map intervention was used by Pedrotti and colleagues (2000) as part of the Making Hope Happen program for children and adolescents, called “G-POWER.” G-POWER is an acronym that will help students develop, plan and …

Hope Map
Hope Map

Hope is essential to students’ academic progress and has been linked with a 12% bump in student achievement (Lopez, 2013). The Hope Map is an intervention developed by Dr. Shane Lopez that helps students plan out how to achieve goals and o…

Growth Mindset
Growth Mindset

Researcher Carol Dweck discovered that students can have two mindsets regarding learning and intelligence. Students with a fixed mindset believe that their intelligence and abilities are fixed and cannot be changed or improved. These students refuse …

Three Funny Things
Three Funny Things

This activity is based on the “Three Good Things” activity, but instead targets students’ sense of humor. This intervention exemplifies the well-known phrase “laughter is the best medicine.”  Instead of writing abou…

Outdoor Learning
Outdoor Learning

One argument for the decline in mental, emotional, and social wellbeing among children and adolescents is reduced time spent outdoors. One study found that, in the UK, 37% of children spent fewer than 30 minutes playing outside, and 43% spent more th…

Bringing the Outside In
Bringing the Outside In

Setting up houseplants in your classroom can improve students' sense of comfort and safety.  Grade Level: All Materials: Houseplants, pots, potting soil Duration: Set-up and care time Implementation: Set up a few housepl…

Bibliotherapy
Bibliotherapy

Bibliotherapy helps students to develop positive emotions, a sense of belonging, and resilience by relating their story to that of characters who are going through similar challenges. Students can see how the characters overcome difficult situations …

ARCS Model of Curiosity
ARCS Model of Curiosity

Our understanding of curiosity has developed over time. In the 1980s, curiosity was understood as the optimal zone of interest, between boredom and anxiety. Curiosity is multifaceted and influenced by an individual’s predispositions and what ar…

Perspective Taking and Role-Play
Perspective Taking and Role-Play

One way to help students be more creative is through an activity known as perspective taking, which fosters divergent thinking (Doron, 2016). Divergent thinking is the “ability to generate a wide variety of ideas and associations to a given pro…

Arts Integration
Arts Integration

Arts Integration has been defined as an “arts-based approach to teaching and learning” (LaJevic, 2013, p. 2). Arts Integration gives students an opportunity to learn and practice content through meaningful and creative projects, such as a…

Drawing and Coloring Therapy
Drawing and Coloring Therapy

Allowing students time to free draw or color mandalas has been shown to reduce anxiety and frustration, and improve focus, particularly before a test. Mandalas are circular designs made up of symmetrical shapes (Carsley & Heath, 2018). Coloring m…

Culturally-Enriching and Arts-Based Field Trips
Culturally-Enriching and Arts-Based Field Trips

In recent years, there has been a dramatic decline in the amount of students attending enrichment field trips to museums, zoos, historical sites, and arts venues (McCord and Ellerson, 2009 as cited in Watson et al., 2019). Some argue that this declin…

Yoga
Yoga

Yoga is defined by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) as a “meditative-movement practice,” an exercise of both the mind and body, which originated in Indian philosophy (Butzer et al., 2015, p.2). Yoga inv…

Culturally Responsive Practices
Culturally Responsive Practices

Students of color are at an increased risk of psychological distress, suicide, problem behavior, and decreased academic success as compared to their peers (Aud et al., 2011; Blake et al., 2011; Cholewa et al., 2014). Culturally responsive pedagogy (C…

Dialogue Journals
Dialogue Journals

One way to improve teacher-student relationships is to have students write in a daily or weekly journal and then have teachers respond to their questions and responses on a consistent basis. Writing a response to every student on a daily basis may be…

Peer Praise Notes
Peer Praise Notes

A sense of peer acceptance is a key component of developing positive peer relationships in children and adolescents (Nelson et al., 2008). Youth who feel accepted by their peers also exhibit more prosocial behaviors and interactions (Nelson et al., 2…

Volunteering
Volunteering

Volunteering benefits psychological wellbeing in two ways: by improving psychological resources, such as self esteem and self-efficacy, and by improving social resources and skills(Musick & Wilson, 2003). Volunteering will also benefit adolescent…

Fast Friends
Fast Friends

Teaching students to have quality conversations with their peers can help them build strong, healthy relationships and increase their sense of belonging. For the fast-friend activity, students will be assigned a partner to befriend over the course of…

Carousel Brainstorming
Carousel Brainstorming

Carousel Brainstorming is a cooperative learning strategy in which students work together in small groups to brainstorm and assess their knowledge about various topics related to a class lesson. For this activity, the teacher will post different topi…

Mental Time Travel
Mental Time Travel

Mental time travel involves both positive reminiscence about past events, as well as positive imagination about future events. Just as with the HEAL process, practicing mental time travel motivates students to focus on and absorb the positive experie…

Gratitude Letters
Gratitude Letters

For this activity, students will write a gratitude letter to someone who has made an impact in their life, such as a parent, teacher, coach or friend. After writing a letter and reflecting on why they are grateful for this person, students are then e…

Future Thinking & When/Where Plans
Future Thinking & When/Where Plans

Shane Lopez (2013) found “when students see a direct connection between the future they want and their attitudes and behaviors today, their commitment and effort soar(n.p.).” Thinking about the future is a large part of creating hope and …

Developing Students' Resilience and Coping Skills
Developing Students' Resilience and Coping Skills

Resilience is the ability to face and adapt to challenging experiences and circumstances(APA,n.d.).  According to Cassidy (2015), resilience is “an asset or strength, a desirable and advantageous quality, characteristic or process that is …

Grit and Deliberate Practice
Grit and Deliberate Practice

“Grit is the quality that enables individuals to work hard and stick to their long-term passions and goals” (Bashant, 2014, p. 14). Grit has been studied by Angela Duckworth for its impact on the completion of goals and the ability to per…

Teacher Praise
Teacher Praise

Giving effective praise to students can have a significant impact on student-teacher relationships, engagement, motivation, and student behavior. Dr. Paul Caldarella and colleagues (2020) found that when teachers praise students more often than repri…

Emotional Self-Regulation: RULER method
Emotional Self-Regulation: RULER method

Emotional self-regulation includes controlling our reactions, emotions, and desires. In a literature review of various studies regarding the positive effects of emotional self-regulation, Daniel and colleagues (2020) found that emotional regulation p…

Social Belonging Intervention
Social Belonging Intervention

One of the fundamental needs upon which engagement rests is belonging or relatedness (Fredericks et al., 2004). The social belonging intervention has been studied primarily with high school and college freshmen to help these transitioning students fr…

Active Constructive Responding
Active Constructive Responding

Active constructive responding encourages students to listen and respond to the successes of others in a positive way. Researchers have found there are four ways one can respond to the good news and positive events of others: active and passive destr…

Mindful Self-Compassion
Mindful Self-Compassion

Self-compassion is often defined as “treating yourself the way you would treat a good friend” (McGee, 2019, 5:30). Higher levels of self-compassion are linked to reduced anxiety, depression and stress, as well as greater life satisfaction…

Modeling Love, Kindness and Forgiveness
Modeling Love, Kindness and Forgiveness

Love is more than an emotion. As a character strength, love is the ability to create close, caring relationships with others. “Where kindness can be a behavioral pattern applied in any relationship, love as a character strength really refers to…

Modeling Emotional Self-Regulation Skills
Modeling Emotional Self-Regulation Skills

According to Timm (1993), teacher modeling of healthy mental and emotional skills has a greater impact on student learning than any other tool or instructional method. Teachers can model self-regulation skills by explicitly naming their emotions and …

Embedded Self-Regulation Strategies
Embedded Self-Regulation Strategies

Self regulation includes setting, monitoring, and reflecting on goals. Research has shown that when “self-regulation instruction occurs within reading instruction[or other disciplines]. . .students can improve both academic and behavior outcome…