Introduction1. How to Retrieve Data From a Single Table1.1. The Five Clauses of the SELECT Statement1.2. Column Specifications1.3. LIKE and REGEXP Operators1.4. Arithmetic Operators1.5. Column Aliases1.6. Comparison Operators1.7. IS NULL, BETWEEN, IN Operators1.8. AND, OR, NOT Logical Operators1.9. DISTINCT Clause2. How to Retrieve Data from Multiple Tables2.1. The JOIN Clause2.2. Joining More Than Two Tables2.3. The OUTER JOIN Clause2.4. How to Code a UNION3. Using Functions3.1. Date Functions3.2. Numeric Functions3.3. String Functions4. How to Insert, Update, Delete Data in Tables4.1. The INSERT Clause With a Column List4.2. The INSERT Clause Without a Column List4.4. The UPDATE Clause With a Column List4.4. The DELETE Clause5. Summary Queries and Aggregate Functions5.1. Aggregate Functions5.2. Grouping Data5.3. Simple GROUP BY Query5.4. Improving the GROUP BY Query5.5. Using the HAVING Clause5.5. Using the HAVING and WHERE Clauses Together5.6. COUNT(column_name) and COUNT(*)5.7. Using the DISTINCT Statement6. Working With Subqueries6.1. The Subquery In a SELECT Statement6.2. The Subquery in an UPDATE statement6.3. Create a Duplicate Table From An Existing Table 6.4. The Subquery In a Delete Statement7. SQL Views7.1. SQL View Explained7.2. Benefits of Using Views7.3. Views That Allow UPDATE Statements8. SQL Indexes8.1. SQL Indexes Explained8.2. Clustered vs. Non-clustered Indexes8.3. Create an Index in Workbench Using an ERD8.4. How to Manually Add an Index to an Existing TableGlossaryIndex
2.3

The OUTER JOIN Clause

The Outer Join Clause

  • An outer join will return all the rows from one table and only the rows from the other table that match the join condition
  • You can use LEFT JOIN or RIGHT JOIN. If you use LEFT JOIN, all the rows from the table on the left of the equals ( = ) sign will be included in the result set whether the join condition is satisfied or not
  • If you use RIGHT JOIN, all the rows from the table on the right of the equals ( = ) sign will be included in the result set whether the join condition is satisfied or not.

Below is a code snippet of a SQL statement with an outer join clause.

1 USE world;
2 SELECT c.name, c.continent, cl.language
3 FROM country c LEFT JOIN countrylanguage cl
4 ON c.code = cl.CountryCode
5 ORDER BY cl.language ASC; 

Results:

03_joins.png

SELECT c.name, c.continent, cl.language

FROM country c LEFT JOIN countrylanguage cl

ON c.code = cl.CountryCode

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