Index of Topics

Behaviorism 29Cognitivism 15Collaborative Learning 31Connectivism 17Constructivism 37Design-Based Research 59Engagement 65Evaluation 101Experiment 67Games 84Informal Learning 57Inquiry Learning 3Learning Objects 11LMS 17Measurement 11MOOC 44Motivation 189Open Education 39Problem-Based Learning 55Project-Based Learning 16Qualitative 14Quantitative 8Scaffolding 16Technology Integration 75TPACK 31

Behaviorism

Programmed Instruction

  1. …ed to revolve around the perspective of Behaviorism, and Thorndike’s (1911) th…
  2. …, Moore, D.M., & Magliaro, S.G. (2004). Behaviorism and instructional technology…
  3. …t principles under the label of radical Behaviorism. This school of thought prop…

Edgar Dale and the Cone of Experience

  1. …h were focused on testing the tenets of Behaviorism and pitting one media agains…

II. Learning and Instruction

  1. …wby on the "Big 3" learning theories of Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructi…

Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism

  1. Behaviorism
  2. Ertmer, P. A., & Newby, T. J. (2013). Behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism: …
  3. Cognitivism, like Behaviorism, emphasizes the role that environmental conditions…
  4. …and it was against this background that Behaviorism became the leading psycholog…
  5. Behaviorism equates learning with changes in either the form or frequency of obs…
  6. Behaviorism focuses on the importance of the consequences of those performances …
  7. …nswered from three distinct viewpoints: Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructi…
  8. …asic assumptions and characteristics of Behaviorism are embedded in current inst…
  9. …the “modern” learning viewpoints of Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructi…

Motivation Theories and Instructional Design

  1. …tion theories reflected the traditional Behaviorism approach, an approach that c…

Motivation Theories on Learning

  1. …d behaviors. This is the perspective of Behaviorism. In its most thorough-going …
  2. …ne perspective on motivation comes from Behaviorism, and equates underlying driv…
  3. …to reduce or eliminate. Unlike food (in Behaviorism) or safety (in Maslow’s hi…

Informal Learning

  1. …as liberalism, progressivism, humanism, Behaviorism, and radicalism (Merriam & B…

Connectivism

  1. Limitations of Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and Constructivism
  2. Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism are the three broad learning theories…
  3. … to be classified as learning. Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism do not…
  4. … experiences (Driscoll, 2000, p. 376). Behaviorism and cognitivism view knowledge…
  5. … either reasoning or experiences. Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism (built…
  6. Behaviorism states that learning is largely unknowable, that is, we can’t possibly…
  7. … attributes commonly associated with Behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism—namely,…

Performance Technology

  1. … performance technology are grounded in Behaviorism, with the father of HPT, Tho…

Old Concerns with New Distance Education Research

  1. …or example, the theoretical position of Behaviorism depends on the use of reinfo…

The Value of Serious Play

  1. …Moore, D. M., & Magliaro, S. G. (1996). Behaviorism and instructional technology…

Cognitivism

II. Learning and Instruction

  1. …ig 3" learning theories of behaviorism, Cognitivism, and constructivism and a ne…

Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism

  1. …ctivism is considered to be a branch of Cognitivism (both conceive of learning a…
  2. …A., & Newby, T. J. (2013). Behaviorism, Cognitivism, constructivism: Comparing c…
  3. Cognitivism, like behaviorism, emphasizes the role that environmental conditions…
  4. …three distinct viewpoints: behaviorism, Cognitivism, and constructivism. Althoug…
  5. …” learning viewpoints of behaviorism, Cognitivism, and constructivism.…
  6. Cognitivism

Connectivism

  1. … associated with behaviorism, Cognitivism, and constructivism—namely, learning as…
  2. Buell, C. (undated). Cognitivism. Retrieved December 10, 2004 from https://edtechbooks.org/-Gw.
  3. Limitations of Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and Constructivism
  4. Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and constructivism are the three broad learning theories…
  5. … classified as learning. Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and constructivism do not attempt…
  6. … 2000, p. 376). Behaviorism and Cognitivism view knowledge as external to the learner…
  7. … or experiences. Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and constructivism (built on the epistemological…
  8. Cognitivism often takes a computer information processing model. Learning is viewed…

Collaborative Learning

A Short History of the Learning Sciences

  1. …sted Relationship of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning to the Learning S…
  2. Computer-supported Collaborative Learning
  3. … feel a rift was the Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) community.…
  4. …rnational Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning was established a…
  5. …tudents would interact and move through Collaborative Learning activities became…
  6. …rnational Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 1(1), 9–33.…

Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism

  1. … presentation of multiple perspectives (Collaborative Learning to develop and sh…

Sociocultural Perspectives of Learning

  1. …. According to Vygotsky’s ideas, this Collaborative Learning style naturally f…
  2. …flict and difference into rich zones of Collaborative Learning … (p. 487)…
  3. … opportunities to experience meaningful Collaborative Learning in both physical …
  4. …rning. Also known as computer-supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) (Resta & L…
  5. …e acronym PIES to represent elements of Collaborative Learning: positive interde…
  6. …re, T. (2007). Technology in support of Collaborative Learning. Educational Psyc…
  7. … Suthers, D. (2006). Computer-supported Collaborative Learning: An historical pe…
  8. …creased attention to computer-supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) and virtua…
  9. …portant to the task of promoting online Collaborative Learning. For example, aft…
  10. …teachers should intentionally establish Collaborative Learning experiences for s…

Communities of Innovation

  1. … E. Hmelo-Silver, and G. Erkens (Eds.), Collaborative Learning, reasoning, and t…

An Instructional Theory for the Post-Industrial Age

  1. …ion, attainment-based student progress, Collaborative Learning, and self-directe…

Defining and Differentiating the Makerspace

  1. …etween constructivism, constructionism, Collaborative Learning, and problem-base…

User Experience Design

  1. …., & Zaphiris, P. (2014). Understanding Collaborative Learning activities in an …

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. …ills needed to engage in Internet-based Collaborative Learning projects, includi…
  2. …nize physical spaces to facilitate best Collaborative Learning using digital too…

Distance Learning

  1. …sis investigating the effects of online Collaborative Learning on achievement. T…

Video Games and the Future of Learning

  1. …: Professional mediation as a model for Collaborative Learning. Journal of Inter…

Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics

  1. …and sequential pattern mining of online Collaborative Learning data. IEEE Transa…

Where Should Educational Technologists Publish Their Research?

  1. …rnational Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning; Journal of Scien…

Educational Technology Conferences

  1. …tional Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL), but most …
  2. …tional Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning are tops on my li…

What Are the Skills of an Instructional Designer?

  1. …arning approaches in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) environmen…
  2. …aches can be used in computer-supported Collaborative Learning environments (So …

Connectivism

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. 2010: Connectivism
  2. …ant content and networked learners. Yet Connectivism, as proposed by George Siem…
  3. …cation of video, the experimentation of Connectivism, and the revolutionary hype…

II. Learning and Instruction

  1. …rmal learning, internet-based learning (Connectivism), learning communities, and…

Informal Learning

  1. …tical foundations of constructivism and Connectivism, recognizing the social asp…

Connectivism

  1. Connectivism
  2. The starting point of Connectivism is the individual. Personal knowledge is comprised…
  3. Connectivism also addresses the challenges that many corporations face in knowledge…
  4. Connectivism is the integration of principles explored by chaos, network, and complexity…
  5. The notion of Connectivism has implications in all aspects of life. This paper largely…
  6. Siemens, G. (2004). Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age. Retrieved…
  7. Connectivism is driven by the understanding that decisions are based on rapidly altering…
  8. Siemens, G. (2005). Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age. International…
  9. Connectivism presents a model of learning that acknowledges the tectonic shifts in…
  10. Principles of Connectivism:
  11. … personal network is the epitome of Connectivism.

Creating an Intentional Web Presence

  1. Kop, R., & Hill, A. (2008). Connectivism: Learning theory of the future or vesti…

Constructivism

The Proper Way to Become an Instructional Technologist

  1. …3). Questions and answers about radical Constructivism. In K. Tobin (Ed.), The p…
  2. …ogy. In K. Tobin (Ed.), The practice of Constructivism in science education, (pp…
  3. The debate between objectivism vs. Constructivism, though a healthy and necessar…
  4. …Smith, J. (1998). Project KID DESIGNER: Constructivism at work through play, : M…

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. …tial of the digital, networked context. Constructivism, problem-based learning, …

II. Learning and Instruction

  1. …eories of behaviorism, cognitivism, and Constructivism and a new chapter on soci…

Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism

  1. Perkins, D. N. (1991). Technology meets Constructivism: Do they make a marriage?…
  2. …points of behaviorism, cognitivism, and Constructivism.
  3. Duffy, T. M., & Jonassen, D. (1991). Constructivism: New implications for instru…
  4. Constructivism
  5. Constructivism is a theory that equates learning with creating meaning from expe…
  6. Clearly the focus of Constructivism is on creating cognitive tools which reflect…
  7. Jonassen, D. H. (1991b), Objectivism vs Constructivism: Do we need a new philoso…
  8. …n, R. L. (1991). Cognitive flexibility, Constructivism, and hypertext: Random ac…
  9. Winn, W. (1991). The assumptions of Constructivism and instructional design. Edu…
  10. …T. J. (2013). Behaviorism, cognitivism, Constructivism: Comparing critical featu…
  11. …m his or her own experiences” (p.10). Constructivism is not a totally new appr…
  12. …ewpoints: behaviorism, cognitivism, and Constructivism. Although learning theori…

Sociocultural Perspectives of Learning

  1. … spaces unite educators’ interests in Constructivism, classroom technology, an…
  2. …borative practice that go beyond social Constructivism to create learning commun…

Informal Learning

  1. …aws from the theoretical foundations of Constructivism and connectivism, recogni…

Overview of Problem-Based Learning

  1. …ffy, T. M., & Cunningham, D. J. (1996). Constructivism: Implications for the des…

Connectivism

  1. Constructivism suggests that learners create knowledge as they attempt to understand…
  2. … Behaviorism, cognitivism, and Constructivism (built on the epistemological traditions)…
  3. … initially defy order. Unlike Constructivism, which states that learners attempt to foster…
  4. … behaviorism, cognitivism, and Constructivism—namely, learning as a lasting changed…
  5. … Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and Constructivism
  6. Behaviorism, cognitivism, and Constructivism are the three broad learning theories most…
  7. … Behaviorism, cognitivism, and Constructivism do not attempt to address the challenges…

Instructional Design Models

  1. …esearch, and teach in the age of social Constructivism. So, why not apply the th…

Defining and Differentiating the Makerspace

  1. The intersection between Constructivism, constructionism, collaborative learning…

The Value of Serious Play

  1. …Smith, J. (1998). Project KID DESIGNER: Constructivism at work through play, : M…
  2. …rning by designing is a central idea in Constructivism (Harel & Papert, 1990, 19…
  3. Perkins, D. (1992). Technology meets Constructivism: Do they make a marriage? Ed…
  4. …ogy. In K. Tobin (Ed.), The practice of Constructivism in science education, (pp…
  5. …ter-based microworlds: A bridge between Constructivism and direct instruction. E…
  6. …ffy, T. M., & Cunningham, D. J. (1996). Constructivism: Implications for the des…

Design-Based Research

Introduction

  1. …the learning sciences, online learning, Design-Based Research, K-12 technology i…

A Short History of the Learning Sciences

  1. Design-Based Research
  2. The nature of Design-Based Research has been described in many places elsewhere …
  3. …l staple in Learning Sciences research: Design-Based Research (Brown, 1992; Coll…
  4. Sandoval, W. A., & Bell, P. (2004). Design-Based Research Methods for Studying L…
  5. The Design-Based Research Collective. (2003). Design-Based Research: An emerging…
  6. …es itself also with the articulation of Design-Based Research as a methodology.…
  7. … cycle is a very general summary of how Design-Based Research unfolds. The resea…
  8. …n into classroom practice, the aspiring Design-Based Researcher may then design …
  9. As Design-Based Research has matured, some have pushed to broaden its scope to s…
  10. As such, it is common for Design-Based Research to appear in Learning Sciences r…
  11. …e expected outcomes emerge. If not, the Design-Based Researcher repeats, or reit…

III. Design

  1. …ound design, including design mindsets, Design-Based Research, how to design for…

The Development of Design-Based Research

  1. … productive, collaborative partnership (Design-Based Research Collective, 2003).…
  2. … development and success of the design (Design-Based Research Collective, 2003).…
  3. Joseph, D. (2004). The practice of Design-Based Research: uncovering the interpl…
  4. Sandoval, W. A., & Bell, P. (2004). Design-Based Research methods for studying l…
  5. …, 2004; Brown, 1992; Cobb et al., 2003; Design-Based Research Collective, 2003; …
  6. Design-Based Research (DBR) is one of the most exciting evolutions in research m…
  7. …R: design experiments, design research, Design-Based Research, formative researc…
  8. …lace constraints on the design. Skilled Design-Based Researchers seek to balance…
  9. … Shattuck, 2012; Collins et al., 2004). Design-Based Research was introduced to …
  10. …ed the unification of DBR, specifically Design-Based Research, across educationa…
  11. …taneously designing the intervention, a Design-Based Researcher must also ensure…
  12. …rviews with many of leading scholars of Design-Based Research are available at h…
  13. We have settled on the term Design-Based Research over the other commonly used p…
  14. …& Shattuck, 2012; Barab & Squire, 2004; Design-Based Research Collective, 2003; …
  15. …to create a more sophisticated model of Design-Based Research. In its simplest f…
  16. Anderson, T., & Shattuck, J. (2012). Design-Based Research: A decade of progress…
  17. …ntended outcomes (Barab & Squire, 2004; Design-Based Research Collective, 2003; …
  18. …. Anderson and Shattuck (2012) reviewed Design-Based Research abstracts over the…
  19. …ewed the historical development of both Design-Based Research and interdisciplin…
  20. … M. (2004). Methodological alignment in Design-Based Research. Educational Psych…
  21. …012; Barab & Squire, 2004; Brown, 1992; Design-Based Research Collective, 2003; …
  22. Barab, S., & Squire, K. (2004). Design-Based Research: Putting a stake in the gr…
  23. Design-Based Research Collective. (2003). Design-Based Research: An emerging par…
  24. …1992; Cobb et al., 2003; Collins, 1992; Design-Based Research Collective, 2003).…

Technology Integration in Schools

  1. …porting a community of practice through Design-Based Research. Journal of Resear…

Interviews with Design-Based Researchers (Videos)

  1. Kelly, A. E. (Speaker). (2006). Is Design-Based Research a Method on Its Own? [V…
  2. …da Bannan-Ritland “Decision-Making in Design-Based Research” [https://edtech…
  3. …dtechbooks.org/-oEm]Allen M. Collins “Design-Based Research: Reflections on th…
  4. …06). Responsibility and Transparency in Design-Based Research [Video]. Available…
  5. …. (Speaker). (2006). Characteristics of Design-Based Research and Theories [Vide…
  6. …(Speaker). (2006). The Development of a Design-Based Researcher [Video]. Availab…
  7. …rg/-sEI]Paul Cobb “Characteristics of Design-Based Research and Theories” [h…
  8. …William Sandoval “Data Collection and Design-Based Research” [https://edtech…
  9. …, S. (Speaker). (2006). Two Examples of Design-Based Research and the Developmen…
  10. …tiple Roles and Multiple Researchers in Design-Based Research” [https://edtech…
  11. …tiple Roles and Multiple Researchers in Design-Based Research [Video]. Available…
  12. …rency [https://edtechbooks.org/-agB] in Design-Based Research” [https://edtech…
  13. …]ent [https://edtechbooks.org/-Qc] of a Design-Based Researcher” [https://edte…
  14. …aker). (2006). The Unique Attributes of Design-Based Research [Video]. Available…
  15. …chbooks.org/-HKp]Anthony E. Kelly “Is Design-Based Research a Method on Its Ow…
  16. …org/-PDA]Sasha Barab “Two Examples of Design-Based Research and the Developmen…
  17. …ooks.org/-QPR]Sasha Barab “Publishing Design-Based Research” [https://edtech…
  18. … (Speaker). (2006). Data Collection and Design-Based Research [Video]. Available…
  19. Collins, A. M. (Speaker). (2006). Design-Based Research: Reflections on the Past…
  20. Barab, S. (Speaker). (2006). Publishing Design-Based Research [Video]. Available…
  21. …. (Speaker). (2006). Decision-Making in Design-Based Research [Video]. Available…

Engagement

Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism

  1. … representations developed through task-Engagement are likely to increase the ef…

Sociocultural Perspectives of Learning

  1. One method of maximizing students full Engagement in social learning is through …
  2. …f content and greater amount of learner Engagement compared to more traditional …

Learning Communities

  1. …s and classes, including higher student Engagement, greater respect for diversit…
  2. …value: Learning communities and student Engagement. Research in Higher Education…

Motivation Theories and Instructional Design

  1. …otivation often leads to high levels of Engagement and performance (Deci & Ryan,…
  2. …irtual tutee system on academic reading Engagement in a college classroom. Educa…
  3. …cting high school students’ cognitive Engagement and achievement: Contribution…
  4. …otivation that influence the quality of Engagement (Deci & Ryan, 1985). Accordin…
  5. …tive learning behaviors and low-quality Engagement compared to learning behavior…
  6. …lege students’ reading motivation and Engagement (Park & Kim, 2012). In the VT…
  7. …r autonomy and demonstrate high-quality Engagement in learning activities.…
  8. …causes tends to decrease motivation and Engagement.
  9. …utee system to promote academic reading Engagement in a college classroom. Journ…

Motivation Theories on Learning

Informal Learning

  1. …(2006). Factors influencing teachers’ Engagement in informal learning activiti…

An Instructional Theory for the Post-Industrial Age

  1. Student Engagement or motivation is key to learning. No matter how much work the…

Using the First Principles of Instruction to Make Instruction Effective, Efficient, and Engaging

  1. … demonstration. The effectiveness and Engagement in these MOOCs could be significantly…
  2. To maximize Engagement in learning a new problem solving skill, learners need to…
  3. … efficiency, and especially the Engagement of a course may be enhanced by adding…
  4. … this sequence and the degree of Engagement it promotes for learners depends on the…
  5. … outcome, not a cause. What promotes Engagement and hence motivation? Effective,…

The Development of Design-Based Research

  1. … practical design principles and active Engagement in the design process. Howeve…
  2. …tructional artifact to an intervention, Engagement in the design process is what…

Performance Technology

  1. …ies of practice in community-university Engagement: Supporting co-productive res…

Defining and Differentiating the Makerspace

  1. …. Partnerships like the Center for P-20 Engagement at Northern Illinois Universi…
  2. …s embraced centers of informal learning Engagement. Teachers and schools then be…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. …diences: National Parks Service Deepens Engagement Through Technology
  2. …he effectiveness of Project Cam Opener: Engagement, retention, and observation. …
  3. At a higher level of Engagement, digital tools such as games, websites, and digi…
  4. … structure, kickoff and closing events, Engagement resources, and an open calend…
  5. …s that combine technology and continued Engagement through virtual networks and …
  6. The Hive model supports three levels of Engagement:
  7. …create experiences that advance student Engagement and learning. They also shoul…
  8. …vidual student responses and class-wide Engagement data quickly, giving greater …
  9. …rtunities. The teachers now are holding Engagement meetings with teacher-leaders…
  10. …eans of representation, expression, and Engagement. Some students who were reluc…
  11. …ound the molecule. Students’ tangible Engagement with a physical model is conn…

The Learner-Centered Paradigm of Education

  1. …ystemic educational change in extensive Engagement on a project called “Learni…

Distance Learning

  1. Interaction, Collaboration, and Engagement
  2. …. D. (2012). Creating effective student Engagement in online courses: What do st…
  3. …ess online learner isolation is learner Engagement. Engagement in any learning i…
  4. … implementation to address achievement, Engagement, and retention issues in onli…
  5. …tor presence, connection, learning, and Engagement. They found that students per…
  6. Table 6. Principles of Engagement
  7. …rs experienced increased motivation and Engagement. However, some negative outco…
  8. …dated a scale to measure online learner Engagement. The instrument was used to s…

The Value of Serious Play

  1. The intensity, seriousness, Engagement, and enjoyment that Richard reports stude…
  2. … acts involving active (often physical) Engagement that is pleasurable for its o…
  3. …strong sense of personal commitment and Engagement. Teachers, instructional desi…
  4. …e responsiveness of interactive learner Engagement to create a gaming space that…

Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics

  1. …well to recognize negative affect or disEngagement among students.
  2. …e, Viswanath, Schwartz, & Davis. 2004), Engagement (Arroyo, Ferguson, Johns, Dra…
  3. …Schneider, E. (2013). Deconstructing disEngagement: Analyzing learner subpopulat…
  4. …(2014). Visualizing patterns of student Engagement and performance in MOOCs. In …
  5. …plete assignments is a clear sign of disEngagement (Kizilcec, Piech, & Schneider…
  6. …stems provide learners with feedback on Engagement as well as learning, reducing…
  7. …Woolf, B. P. (2007, June). Repairing disEngagement with non-invasive interventio…
  8. …mic success as well as learner sense of Engagement in a course (Macfadyen & Daws…

Creating an Intentional Web Presence

  1. …nd extend and elaborate on your overall Engagement with the larger professional …
  2. …necessary for critical thinking, social Engagement, and innovation (Fraser 2012)…

Careers in Academia: The Secret Handshake

  1. …ollaborations and advancing students’ Engagement in research. Remember that th…

Careers in Museum Learning

  1. …ay in . . . that offers opportunity for Engagement in multiple ways, with the ca…
  2. …. P. (2005). Fostering active prolonged Engagement: The art of creating APE exhi…
  3. …hibits that encouraged Active Prolonged Engagement (APE) (Humphrey & Gutwill, 20…

Evaluation

What Is This Thing Called Instructional Design?

  1. …ns for the development, implementation, Evaluation, and maintenance of situation…
  2. …esign, development, implementation, and Evaluation of the instructional design.…
  3. …aterials and activities; and tryout and Evaluation of all instruction and learne…

History of LIDT

  1. …ls of learning (application, synthesis, Evaluation) also rely upon media as an i…
  2. …nd public school enrollment forced a re-Evaluation of the older and slower appro…

Communities of Innovation

  1. …) providing a climate in which external Evaluation is absent* [#_ftn1]and (3) em…
  2. …not only helps the person receiving the Evaluation, but also the one giving it. …
  3. …k and contribution first and then group Evaluation and improvisation/prototyping…
  4. …develop skills in critique, reflection, Evaluation, and team learning.
  5. …ive communities through effective group Evaluation. Interdisciplinary Journal of…
  6. …or evaluating the work within a COI, as Evaluation is critical to improving the …
  7. One example of the role of critical Evaluation and reflection in collaborative i…

Motivation Theories and Instructional Design

  1. … Steps 9 and 10 are the development and Evaluation phases. After identifying the…
  2. …lity beliefs are defined as students’ Evaluations of their current competence …

Motivation Theories on Learning

  1. Evaluation
  2. …l personal identity) or of self-esteem (Evaluations of identity). They are impor…

Overview of Problem-Based Learning

  1. …based learning work? A meta-analysis of Evaluation research. Academic Medicine, …
  2. … it. A meta-analysis of 20 years of PBL Evaluation studies was conducted by Alba…

Connectivism

  1. … knowledge is abundant, the rapid Evaluation of knowledge is important. Additional…

An Instructional Theory for the Post-Industrial Age

  1. …ing the performance, provides formative Evaluation when appropriate during the p…
  2. …ructional Quality Profile: A curriculum Evaluation and design tool. In H. F. O
  3. …row required by the standard. Formative Evaluation is provided immediately to th…

Using the First Principles of Instruction to Make Instruction Effective, Efficient, and Engaging

  1. … Zlatkovska, E. (2010). Improving course Evaluations to improve instruction and complex…
  2. … University designed a student Evaluation questionnaire that had students indicate…

Instructional Design Models

  1. …ystems development: A demonstration and Evaluation project: Final report. East L…
  2. …t in the domain of formative curriculum Evaluation. University of Twente, Ensche…
  3. …to consideration the implementation and Evaluation components of the instruction…
  4. …her phases as well as alignment between Evaluation and the other phases. This de…

Design Thinking and Agile Design

  1. …ded similar approaches (e.g., formative Evaluation and prototyping), suggesting …
  2. …e following questions to scaffold their Evaluation of instructional designs:…
  3. …ings of current practice. They provided Evaluation reports conducted by an exter…

What and how do designers design?

  1. …other layers through experience and the Evaluation of their own designs, focus c…
  2. To plan Evaluation activities

The Development of Design-Based Research

  1. …llins, Brown also omitted any summative Evaluation of intervention quality or ef…
  2. …nclude multiple iterative stages or any Evaluation of the final product. Because…
  3. …ng and revision, and design and process Evaluation. Additionally, Collins provid…
  4. …nformed exploration, (b) enactment, (c) Evaluation of local impact, and (d) eval…

Performance Technology

  1. … (4) formative, summative, confirmative Evaluations (Foshay, Villachica, Stepich…
  2. Multiple Evaluation methods are utilized to measure workplace performance throug…
  3. Formative, summative, and confirmative Evaluations
  4. …lined to implement needs assessment and Evaluation processes to ensure they are …
  5. …ing instructional materials, developing Evaluation instruments to measure the im…

Defining and Differentiating the Makerspace

  1. …, & Saye, J. (2000). Implementation and Evaluation of a student-centered learnin…

User Experience Design

  1. …able e-learning: A conceptual model for Evaluation and design. Proceedings of HC…
  2. …lso use these tools in conjunction with Evaluation methods to better align proto…
  3. Evaluation Methodologies for User-centered Design
  4. Table 2. Evaluation Methodologies, Design Phases, and Data Sources
  5. …tional design heuristics for e-learning Evaluation. Proceedings of the World Con…
  6. Heuristic Evaluation. Heuristic Evaluation is an inspection method that does not…
  7. …ics to make them more applicable to the Evaluation of eLearning systems (Mehlenb…
  8. …ples of iterative design techniques and Evaluation methodologies that can be emp…
  9. Nielsen, J. (1994). Heuristic Evaluation. In J. Nielsen & R. L. Mack (Eds.), Usa…
  10. …tives (Nardi, 1996). It is useful in UX Evaluations because the researcher can g…
  11. …e of ethnographic methods in design and Evaluation. In M. Helander, T. K. Landau…
  12. Analytics. Another type of Evaluation method that focuses on participants’ beh…
  13. …stic or expert review is selected as an Evaluation method, data from a single ex…
  14. …ts vary depending design and associated Evaluation methods.
  15. …hat conditions to apply the appropriate Evaluation methodology. In the following…
  16. …en, J., & Molich, R. (1990). Heuristics Evaluation of user interfaces. Proceedin…
  17. …th limited functionality that allow for Evaluation. Typically, lower fidelity pr…
  18. …ephalography (EEG) and eye tracking are Evaluation methods that involve the user…
  19. During Evaluation, functional prototypes allow for a user to experience a mockup…
  20. … in the form of formative and summative Evaluation. By applying these specific m…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. Educators can lead the Evaluation and implementations of new technologies for le…
  2. …e gone through a rigorous, multi-tiered Evaluation process. The committee looks …
  3. In its Evaluation of the program, URI has found that participants experienced a …
  4. Reviews referenced the embedded Evaluation criteria in OER Commons [https://www.…
  5. Rapid cycle technology Evaluations will help provide results in a timely manner …
  6. …chnology Through Rapid-cycle Technology Evaluations
  7. …f these investments and also to develop Evaluation tools that developers and pra…
  8. … large are teacher effects? Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 26(3), 2…

Technology Integration in Schools

  1. * Patton, M.Q. (2011). Developmental Evaluation: Applying complexity concepts to…
  2. To better orient our understanding and Evaluation of technology integration effo…
  3. …technology into a science classroom: An Evaluation of inquiry-based technology i…

Distance Learning

  1. …t support, faculty support, technology, Evaluation, student assessment, and exam…
  2. …upport programs, peer observation, peer Evaluation, and mentoring programs. Some…
  3. …pared to written feedback. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 35(7), 7…

Old Concerns with New Distance Education Research

  1. Research and Evaluation
  2. The distinction between research and Evaluation sometimes blurs because they sha…
  3. …ly, they need to focus on the localized Evaluation of their particular distance …

The Value of Serious Play

  1. …91). Epistemological pluralism and the rEvaluation of the concrete. In I. Harel …

Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics

  1. Mitrovic, A., & Ohlsson, S. (1999). Evaluation of a constraint-based tutor for a…
  2. …& Liegle, J. O. (2001). Development and Evaluation of a framework for creating w…

The Moral Dimensions of Instructional Design

  1. …ticism of online courses, a director of Evaluation at a large center for instruc…

Creating an Intentional Web Presence

  1. … a time of increased competition; merit Evaluation processes that value copyrigh…
  2. … improve student assessment and program Evaluation. International Journal of ePo…

Rigor, Influence, and Prestige in Academic Publishing

  1. … framework being developed to guide the Evaluation of how much influence an acad…
  2. …cus our discussion on the framework and Evaluation criteria, not the specific ra…
  3. …in our field that would argue with this Evaluation for this journal. On the othe…
  4. …rning, critical, and selective in their Evaluations of scholarship. Second, they…

Careers in Academia: The Secret Handshake

  1. …only balance between the three areas of Evaluation but also balance between your…

Careers in Museum Learning

  1. …nce with design projects, research, and Evaluation. If you are interested in goi…
  2. … in informal settings through research, Evaluation, and dialogue.
  3. …e learning theory, visitor research and Evaluation, strategies, and responsibili…
  4. …exhibit design, education, research and Evaluation, and administration, thus inf…
  5. … issues related to visitor research and Evaluation. The journal publishes theore…
  6. … cognitive). For both of these reasons, Evaluation needs to be rigorous yet crea…
  7. …ign team used the Audience Research and Evaluation Team to help measure guest fe…
  8. …tative research methods, data analysis, Evaluation planning, and research ethics…
  9. Research and Evaluation

Careers in Consulting

  1. …ltants can provide objectivity in their Evaluation and advice, note that consult…

Experiment

The Proper Way to Become an Instructional Technologist

  1. …theory of the day and crafted ingenious Experiments to get at the answers. Most …

History of LIDT

  1. … settings also provide laboratories for Experimenting with and perfecting the us…
  2. …1940s and early 1950s came considerable Experimentation with television as an in…

A Short History of the Learning Sciences

  1. Brown, A. L. (1992). Design Experiments: Theoretical and methodological challeng…
  2. …vation and the role of theory in design Experiments. Journal of the learning sci…
  3. …d a great deal of diversity. Controlled Experiments, think-aloud protocols, inte…
  4. …hrer, R., & Schauble, L. (2003). Design Experiments in educational research. Edu…

Programmed Instruction

  1. …n succeed academically. He was an eager Experimenter, and, through trial, he wor…
  2. …le informational material (1926). As he Experimented with the device he realized…
  3. …aking up PI did not prove to be robust, Experiments comparing PI to so-called co…
  4. …iation interested in PI. When Air Force Experiments in 1961 demonstrated the dra…
  5. …r and his colleagues in the late 1950s. Experiments in schools began with teachi…
  6. …t by manipulating these three variables Experimenters could elicit quite complex…
  7. …ent project was similar to a controlled Experiment. The professional literature …

Edgar Dale and the Cone of Experience

  1. …though many of these early studies were Experimental ones designed to compare le…
  2. When Dale was asked why he did not do Experimental research in which a scholar a…
  3. …he context, and the media. Although the Experimental methods of educational and …

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. …h of OER, the application of video, the Experimentation of connectivism, and the…

Memory

  1. …rated by William Bousfield (1935) in an Experiment in which he asked people to m…
  2. …el Tulving (1975) conducted a series of Experiments to find out. Participants we…
  3. …an any word that is colored red. Try an Experiment: name the colors of the words…

Communities of Innovation

  1. …R. M. (1999). A meta-analytic review of Experiments examining the effects of ext…
  2. …y providing an initial concept to begin Experimentation.

Motivation Theories on Learning

  1. …he studies used a somewhat “gloomy” Experimental procedure in which an anima…
  2. …s this simply means selecting projects, Experiments, discussions and the like th…

Informal Learning

  1. …sed searches for examples, and practice Experimenting with new techniques and to…

Using the First Principles of Instruction to Make Instruction Effective, Efficient, and Engaging

  1. … Principles. Participants in the Experiment came from a number of different companies…
  2. … the fantastic potential of this Experimental communication from computer to computer.…

Design Thinking and Agile Design

  1. …es discovery, interpretation, ideation, Experimentation, and evolution (d.school…

The Development of Design-Based Research

  1. …ematic in both its variation within the Experiment and in the order of revisions…
  2. …hrer, R., & Schauble, L. (2003). Design Experiments in educational research. Edu…
  3. …Brown first termed their efforts design Experiments (Brown, 1992; Collins, 1992)…
  4. …BR, with its collaboration and situated Experimentation and development, innatel…
  5. …e other commonly used phrases “design Experimentation,” which connotes a spe…
  6. …bsequent testing serving as a miniature Experiment (Barab & Squire, 2004; Collin…
  7. Brown, A. L. (1992). Design Experiments: Theoretical and methodological challeng…
  8. … research, development research, design Experiments, and developmental research.…
  9. …lchman, M., & Bryant, P. (2003). Design Experiments and laboratory approaches to…
  10. … and carries through the design process Experimentally, improving design methods…
  11. …ory-building focus, asserting “design Experiments are conducted to develop the…
  12. …s typically associated with DBR: design Experiments, design research, design-bas…
  13. Collins’s design Experimentation steps. In his technical report, Collins (1990…

Defining and Differentiating the Makerspace

  1. … and learning from failure, encouraging Experimentation, supporting unintentiona…
  2. …ilos and inviting teachers and staff to Experiment with team-teaching or guest t…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. …quiry-driven learning and given time to Experiment with and explore a wide range…
  2. …they can help students create spaces to Experiment, iterate, and take intellectu…

Distance Learning

  1. …L. W., & Michel, M. B. (2014, June). An Experimental study of instructor immedia…
  2. …elopment. They further recommended that Experimental research be conducted to id…
  3. …s. Bodie and Michel (2014) conducted an Experimental study manipulating immediac…
  4. …n and Morrison (2013) conducted a quasi-Experimental study investigating the eff…

Old Concerns with New Distance Education Research

  1. …ses referring to the measurement of the Experimental treatment’s effect on the…

Open Educational Resources

  1. …o build new programs, models, and other Experiments. The open competencies could…
  2. Where will the Experiments that define the future of teaching and learning be co…
  3. Imagine you’re planning to Experiment with a new educational model. Now imagin…
  4. …ome other kind of teaching and learning Experiment—and you can do it for free,…
  5. …expensive to run a meaningful number of Experiments in the MOOC context.…
  6. … already deployed that we can remix and Experiment upon.
  7. …h can support extremely rapid, low cost Experimentation and innovation, must be …
  8. …permission and pay for permission makes Experimentation more costly. Increasing …

Video Games and the Future of Learning

  1. …se they make it possible for players to Experiment with new and powerful identit…
  2. …eaders and teachers bring more extended Experiments with epistemic games into th…
  3. …ing, individual expression, and playful Experimentation with social boundaries

Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics

  1. …ptimal schedule of practice. Journal of Experimental Psychology Applied, 14(2), …

Opportunities and Challenges with Digital Open Badges

  1. With so many institutions Experimenting with badging systems, it is possible tha…
  2. …learning are not the only organizations Experimenting with open badges. Primary …

What Are the Skills of an Instructional Designer?

  1. …ese projects as instructional design “Experiments” and students complete “…

Careers in Museum Learning

  1. …n models, and lead their own scientific Experiments. These put the visitors at t…

Games

The Proper Way to Become an Instructional Technologist

  1. …ending of microworlds, simulations, and Games. Educational Technology Research &…
  2. …ived” student of anthropology, namely Games and their cultural significance. I…

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. …r example. However, with the success of Games such as Minecraft and Pokémon Go,…

Motivation Theories and Instructional Design

  1. …nce learners’ motivation. Educational Games are one of them. Games contain man…
  2. …aya, G. (2009). The effects of computer Games on primary school students’ achi…
  3. …ional elements of digital instructional Games: A study of young L2 learners’ g…
  4. … massively multiple online role-playing Games (MMORPGs) foster intrinsic motivat…

Overview of Problem-Based Learning

  1. …ow to maximize transfer from simulation Games through systematic debriefing. In …

An Instructional Theory for the Post-Industrial Age

  1. …puter-based tutorials, simulations, and Games.

Performance Technology

  1. Games and Simulations

User Experience Design

  1. …management systems or educational video Games may be beneficial, they need to be…
  2. … interfaces, including web, mobile, and Games. The focus of paper prototyping is…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. …trategies. These strategies are playing Games together, reading together every d…
  2. As she explored Games as a way to make academic tasks more engaging and accessib…
  3. Aware of the popularity of video Games among his students, and as a longtime fan…
  4. … Sellers’s students wanted to develop Games their peers would want to play, th…
  5. Games such as Ripple Effects [http://rippleeffects.com/] and The Social Express …
  6. …hrough game challenges, she wondered if Games held a key to getting them similar…
  7. 3C Institute. (2015). Serious Games. Retrieved from https://edtechbooks.org/-PM.…
  8. …Agency: Jason Sellers: Text-based Video Games
  9. …d eventually create interactive fiction Games. Prior to the creation of the game…
  10. …el of engagement, digital tools such as Games, websites, and digital books can b…
  11. …ted by reading a book about using video Games to teach literacy. As she read, sh…
  12. Digital Games can allow students to try out varied responses and roles and gauge…
  13. Increased use of Games and simulations to give students the experience of workin…
  14. …stery of a skill—for example, coding, Games, design, or fashion—giving out-o…
  15. …eep learning properties of good digital Games: How far can they go? In U. Ritter…

Distance Learning

  1. … & Killingsworth, S. S. (2016). Digital Games, design, and learning: A systemati…
  2. Gamification and the use of Games, virtual worlds, and simulations have also gai…

The Value of Serious Play

  1. …imulations, microworlds, and especially Games.
  2. Computer Games offer a new possibility for wedding motivation and self-regulated…
  3. …ever, J. (1976). Sex differences in the Games children play. Social Problems, 23…
  4. …, such as microworlds, simulations, and Games.
  5. …s of playing: 1) participation (fun and Games); 2) problem solving (development …
  6. …em. Malone also warns against designing Games where the curiosity factor is sens…
  7. …e, the stereotype of mind-numbing video Games is quickly erased when you ask pla…
  8. …lable: http://www.sdsc.edu/users/woodka/Games.html
  9. …terest in microworlds, simulations, and Games, especially those which are comput…
  10. …ftware market sometimes seems driven by Games, usually those marketed to the pow…
  11. …. (1984). Playful gaming. Simulations & Games, 15(1), 25–64.
  12. Spolin, V. (1986). Theater Games for the classroom: A teacher’s handbook. Chic…
  13. Games are also a way of telling stories, and stories are fundamental to both und…
  14. …ill, B. V. (1992). The effectiveness of Games for educational purposes: A review…
  15. …ending of microworlds, simulations, and Games. Educational Technology Research &…
  16. … be derived from the use of educational Games (Dempsey, Lucassen, Gilley & Rasmu…
  17. Beato, G. (1997). Girl Games. Wired, 5(4), 98, 100, 102–104.
  18. …81). Until recently, however, few video Games were designed with female play pre…
  19. There are two distinct applications of Games in education: game playing and game…
  20. …lds: Children’s construction of video Games. In Y. Kafai & M. Resnick (Eds.), …

Video Games and the Future of Learning

  1. … schools to the emerging arena of video Games. We suggest that video Games matte…
  2. Video Games thus make it possible to “learn by doing” on a grand scale—but…
  3. …lverson, R., & Gee, J. P. (2005). Video Games and the Future of Learning.…
  4. …ities, we see that part of the power of Games for learning is the way they devel…
  5. …t to be clear from the start that video Games are no panacea. Like books and mov…
  6. …amples are massively multiplayer online Games: Games where thousands of players …
  7. We have argued that video Games are powerful contexts for learning because they …
  8. Epistemic Games give players freedom to act within the norms of a valued communi…
  9. …ther words, by creating virtual worlds, Games integrate knowing and doing. But n…
  10. … we argue here for a particular view of Games—and of learning—as activities …
  11. … doing, Full Spectrum Warrior shows how Games take advantage of situated learnin…
  12. …u want to understand how, look at video Games. Look at video Games, not because …
  13. Video Games are about a whole lot more.
  14. Developing Games such as Full Spectrum Warrior that simultaneously build situate…
  15. …st step towards understanding how video Games can (and, we argue, will) transfor…
  16. Games like Full Spectrum Warrior and Madison 2200 expose novices to the ways pro…
  17. These rich virtual worlds are what make Games such powerful contexts for learnin…
  18. …what we suggest is the promise of video Games and the future of learning: the de…
  19. … as pundits debated the significance of Games where teens could not only argue a…
  20. …nging the Game: What Happens When Video Games Enter the Classroom? [https://edte…
  21. …ins, H. (2004). Harnessing the power of Games in education. Insight, 3(1), 5–3…
  22. To build such Games requires understanding how practitioners develop their ways …
  23. Our students will learn from video Games. The questions are: Who will create the…
  24. …ore extended experiments with epistemic Games into the culture of the school? Th…
  25. …f we had the world’s best educational Games produced and ready for parents, te…
  26. Video Games and the Future of Learning 13 Steinkuehler, C. A. (2004b). Learning …
  27. Video Games have the potential to change the landscape of education as we know i…
  28. Shaffer, D. W. (in press). Epistemic Games. Innovate.
  29. Video Games as Virtual Worlds for Learning
  30. This interest in Games is encouraging, but most educational Games to date have b…
  31. Just as Games that initiate players into an epistemic frame depend on epistemogr…
  32. Epistemic Games for Initiation and Transformation
  33. There is a lot being learned in these Games. But for some educators, it is hard …
  34. …here are not yet any complete epistemic Games in wide circulation, there already…
  35. Epistemic Games and the Future of Schooling

Informal Learning

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. …badges, with the intention to recognize Informal Learning; MOOCs and OER, with t…

II. Learning and Instruction

  1. …heoretical developments in the areas of Informal Learning, internet-based learni…

Informal Learning

  1. …). Theories and methods for research on Informal Learning and work: Towards cros…
  2. …arning. The paradigm used to understand Informal Learning is influenced by a set…
  3. … is microlearning, which is an emergent Informal Learning strategy intended to q…
  4. …, access and share information, through Informal Learning. The topic of informal…
  5. …The effect of interactive technology on Informal Learning and performance in a s…
  6. … this chapter, I explore the nuances of Informal Learning to better understand i…
  7. De Grip, A. (2015). The importance of Informal Learning at work. IZA World of La…
  8. …thin organizations. The implications of Informal Learning for organizations are …
  9. Informal Learning Trends and Issues
  10. …he microlearning event triggered by the Informal Learning inquiry draws context …
  11. Indeed, the concept of Informal Learning has been around for many years precedin…
  12. Informal Learning and Culture
  13. Cross, J. (2007). Informal Learning: Rediscovering the natural pathways that ins…
  14. …f the trends and issues associated with Informal Learning from an individual and…
  15. …ms of performance outcomes. Conversely, Informal Learning on average represents …
  16. …r media-based presentations, along with Informal Learning activities such as dis…
  17. …vism, recognizing the social aspects of Informal Learning, and the role of learn…
  18. …he same time have a mediating effect on Informal Learning activities that suppor…
  19. Performance support tools. Another Informal Learning trend is Performance Suppor…
  20. … out on opportunities to fully leverage Informal Learning processes (Cross, 2007…
  21. …unt of OER content available to support Informal Learning has increased exponent…
  22. …icrotraining as a support mechanism for Informal Learning. Elearningpapers of El…
  23. From a performance perspective, Informal Learning occurs through self-initiated …
  24. …abinet or office chair, used to support Informal Learning and performance. The d…
  25. This leads us to a definition of Informal Learning as “the unofficial, unsched…
  26. …at The Open University: recognition for Informal Learning. Open Learning: The Jo…
  27. …s, issues, and tools used to facilitate Informal Learning, noting the emergence …
  28. …rkawski, B. (2016). Blending formal and Informal Learning networks for online le…
  29. …ital open badging. As opportunities for Informal Learning continue to increase f…
  30. …t perspective. The second theme is that Informal Learning is a lifelong pursuit …
  31. …s influencing teachers’ engagement in Informal Learning activities. Journal of…
  32. …s opposed to an absolute definition for Informal Learning. Let us begin with the…
  33. In the training industry, Informal Learning is often discussed in the context of…
  34. …that science literacy, acquired through Informal Learning, is essential to econo…
  35. …t into just how widespread and embedded Informal Learning is in the lives of adu…
  36. … occur, such as formal, non-formal, and Informal Learning. Taking a brief look a…
  37. Approaching Informal Learning from a more culturally holistic perspective create…
  38. … economy has been, and continues to be, Informal Learning. (Cross, 2007, p. xiii…

Defining and Differentiating the Makerspace

  1. Blending Formal and Informal Learning
  2. …ntial for formal assessment informed by Informal Learning.
  3. …sed means. In the midst of this booming Informal Learning phenomenon, however, i…
  4. …types of spaces that exist. The driving Informal Learning factor that occurs res…
  5. …ssment, communities embraced centers of Informal Learning engagement. Teachers a…

User Experience Design

  1. …ption: Theory and future directions for Informal Learning. Review of Educational…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. …ning zones optimized for collaboration, Informal Learning, and individual-focuse…
  2. …ise, such as combinations of formal and Informal Learning, blended learning, and…

Open Educational Resources

  1. …. (It will provide related benefits for Informal Learning, as well). From the bo…

Opportunities and Challenges with Digital Open Badges

  1. …dentials from many different formal and Informal Learning systems.
  2. …allenges of how to recognize and reward Informal Learning, and how to increase t…
  3. …rtifications of achievement recognizing Informal Learning experiences. He said, …

Careers in Museum Learning

  1. Informal Learning in Museums
  2. …r visitors. We will discuss the role of Informal Learning and design thinking in…
  3. …oject on how families learn together in Informal Learning settings. Is there a w…
  4. Informal Learning closely parallels the methods of traditional learning, with…
  5. As Informal Learning environments, we don’t give our visitors tests as they le…

Inquiry Learning

Motivation Theories and Instructional Design

  1. …nt motivation and learning in a science Inquiry Learning environment. Educationa…
  2. … task relevance and self-efficacy in an Inquiry Learning environment. In the stu…

An Instructional Theory for the Post-Industrial Age

  1. …truction for project-based learning and Inquiry Learning.

Learning Objects

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. …ns from OER are that it succeeded where Learning Objects failed because OER tapp…
  2. …from computer science. One of these was Learning Objects. The concept can be see…
  3. Like Learning Objects, the software approach (in particular, open-source softwar…
  4. …h increasing success in their adoption. Learning Objects were the first attempt …
  5. …, this was a further development on the Learning Objects idea. As the success of…
  6. Like Learning Objects, e-portfolios were backed by a sound idea. The e-portfolio…
  7. 2000: Learning Objects
  8. …logy supported learning.”3 [#fn3] But Learning Objects never really took off, …

Informal Learning

  1. …-created, granular pieces of content or Learning Objects in varied media format …

The Learner-Centered Paradigm of Education

  1. …ns, W., Rehak, D., & Robson, R. (2004). Learning Objects symposium special issue…

Creating an Intentional Web Presence

  1. …lication of distilled, decontextualized Learning Objects (Atkins, Brown, and Ham…

LMS

Programmed Instruction

  1. …inator who already took care of film, fiLMStrip, slide, and overhead projectors?…
  2. …ware exhibited there: film, slide and fiLMStrip, phonograph and audio tape, opaq…
  3. …967). Programming is a process. Sound fiLMStrip. Chicago: University of Illinois…

Edgar Dale and the Cone of Experience

  1. …ontents of the radio, newspapers, and fiLMS. Dale was a socially responsible res…

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. 2004: The LMS
  2. …ine learning environments, particularly LMSs and MOOCs. The positive side of lea…
  3. …elivery and recognition.28 [#fn28] OER, LMS, and online assessment all directly …
  4. …ility became a more critical issue. The LMS offered a neat collection of the mos…
  5. …purchase offers a viable model. As with LMSs, open textbooks offer an easy route…
  6. …s of data. Instead of talking about one LMS provided to all students, we were di…
  7. The learning management system (LMS) offered an enterprise solution for e-learni…

User Experience Design

  1. … An example is the integration of a new LMS or new training approach. Actions ar…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. Producing Student FiLMS With Online Audiences: Katie Mckay: Lights, Camera, Soci…

Distance Learning

  1. …corporate MOOCs, and (10) rise of cloud LMS. In 2017, Friedman (2017) identified…

Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics

  1. …yen, L. P., & Dawson, S. (2010). Mining LMS data to develop an “early warning …

What Are the Skills of an Instructional Designer?

  1. …r beliefsto create learning designs for LMS environments. Australasian Journal o…

Careers in Consulting

  1. …tact people directly (e.g. the off-site LMS administrator).

Measurement

Programmed Instruction

  1. …its proponents to relentless, objective Measurement of effectiveness.

Sociocultural Perspectives of Learning

  1. …ide a conversion table between units of Measurement for a group project at first…

Learning Communities

  1. …981). Psychological sense of community: Measurement and application. Human Relat…

Motivation Theories and Instructional Design

  1. …onality: Bridging the gap in theory and Measurement (pp. 163–194). Mahwah, NJ:…

What and how do designers design?

  1. …ore, design heuristics, technical data, Measurements, algorithms, and practical …

Defining and Differentiating the Makerspace

  1. …is designs. From meticulously adjusting Measurements of scale to ensuring that f…

User Experience Design

  1. …h, A., Brünken, R., & Park, B. (2017). Measurement of cognitive load in multime…
  2. …es of methods look at direct, objective Measurements in the form of electrical a…
  3. …Gill, M. (2014). Physiological response Measurements. In J. Romano Bergstrom & A…

Technology Integration in Schools

  1. …CK-related professional development and Measurement should continue to develop a…

Old Concerns with New Distance Education Research

  1. …re statistical phrases referring to the Measurement of the experimental treatmen…

MOOC

Programmed Instruction

  1. …ner’s teaching machines to modern day MOOCs.

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. …ing environments, particularly LMSs and MOOCs. The positive side of learning ana…
  2. …arning led to the creation of the early MOOCs, including influential open course…
  3. … that comes along—e-portfolios, VLEs, MOOCs, OER, social media—I find myself…
  4. …ogy beyond the higher education sector. MOOCs, learning analytics, AI, social me…
  5. …in teaching. For instance, why aren’t MOOCs conducted in wikis? It’s not nec…
  6. If MOOCs were the glamorous side of open education, all breathless headlines and…
  7. …hin organizations and often linked with MOOCs.24 [#fn24] Perhaps more interestin…
  8. …ing the occasional sigh when during the MOOC rush of 2012, so many “new” dis…
  9. …tably, 2012 will be seen as the year of MOOCs.18 [#fn18] In many ways the MOOC p…
  10. …tention to recognize informal learning; MOOCs and OER, with the desire to offer …
  11. 2012: MOOCS
  12. …eoccur and was a significant driver for MOOCs (see year 2012).
  13. Much has been written about MOOCs, more than I can do justice to here. They are …

Communities of Innovation

  1. …formation recall (I’m looking at you, MOOCs) and more on how to recapture the …

Informal Learning

  1. … content for free, through a variety of MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) servic…

Using the First Principles of Instruction to Make Instruction Effective, Efficient, and Engaging

  1. … instruction. How many of these MOOCs implemented this principle? Only 3 out…
  2. … instruction? Even though many MOOCs are designed to facilitate problem solving,…
  3. … Quality of Massive Online Courses (MOOCs). Computers and Education, 80, 77-83.
  4. MOOCs are often about teaching learners new skills. Did the MOOCs in the study…
  5. … courses include such demonstration? MOOCs are a recent very popular way to…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. …m Creates a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) for Exploring Circuits and Electri…
  2. …ium in San Francisco launched its first MOOC, working with Coursera, called Tink…
  3. … and material nature of the work of the MOOC. The course attracted more than 7,0…

Distance Learning

  1. …Open Online Courses, otherwise known as MOOCs, and examining global standards fo…
  2. …, (8) augmented learning, (9) corporate MOOCs, and (10) rise of cloud LMS. In 20…

Open Educational Resources

  1. MOOCs: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back for Open Education
  2. Wiley, D. (2014, September 18). The MOOC misstep and the open education infrastr…
  3. …decade of progress has been reversed by MOOCs, advocates of open education once …
  4. …nk, Lee, Reeves, and Reynolds’s book, MOOCs and Open Education around the Worl…
  5. MOOCs, as popularized by Udacity and Coursera, have done more harm to the cause …
  6. …amage done to the idea of “open” by MOOCs, advocate for a return to a streng…
  7. Which brings us back to MOOCs. The horrific corruption perpetrated by the Udacit…
  8. …finition of “open” affect the large MOOC providers? If MOOC providers change…
  9. …hrust comprised of hype and investment, MOOCs have failed to achieve escape velo…
  10. …the hyperbole, it has become clear that MOOCs are nothing more than traditional …

Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics

  1. …f student engagement and performance in MOOCs. In Proceedings of the Fourth Inte…
  2. … Correlating skill and improvement in 2 MOOCs with a student’s time on tasks. …
  3. …ormatting and storing data, such as the MOOC data format proposed by Veeramachan…
  4. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), another emerging distance education practic…
  5. …. (2013). Developing data standards for MOOC data science. In AIED 2013 Workshop…
  6. …d, D., & Schenke, K. (2014). Predicting MOOC Performance with Week 1 Behavior. I…
  7. … students shift between activities in a MOOC.

Creating an Intentional Web Presence

  1. …he rise of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), open educational resources (OER)…

Motivation

Edgar Dale and the Cone of Experience

  1. …learning concepts, heighten students’ Motivation, encourage active participati…

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. …rsion. The cost of textbooks provided a Motivation for adoption, and the switchi…
  2. …. This statement is sometimes used as a Motivation (or veiled threat) to senior …

II. Learning and Instruction

  1. …d emotional factors in learning such as Motivation and self-efficacy. I have inc…

Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism

  1. Keller, J. M. (1979). Motivation and instructional design: A theoretical perspec…

Sociocultural Perspectives of Learning

  1. … children of the same age and degree of Motivation” (Miller, 2011, p. 198). Ad…
  2. …re, A. L., & Pellegrino, J. (2001). The Motivation and academic consequences…

Learning Communities

  1. …rsity of all students, higher intrinsic Motivation, and increased learning in th…

Communities of Innovation

  1. …nding of the problems facing the group, Motivation to pursue these challenging p…
  2. …fects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic Motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 125(…
  3. One application of hacker Motivation to creativity has been involving users to p…
  4. …nomy support and students’ autonomous Motivation on learning organic chemistry…
  5. …purpose in their work can also increase Motivation, often more effectively than …
  6. …sponded to this type of deep, intrinsic Motivation when they have developed open…
  7. …anization will likely promote intrinsic Motivation and, consequently, innovation…
  8. …ain of their expertise than about their Motivation in using it. The term hacker …
  9. …heory and the facilitation of intrinsic Motivation, social development, and well…
  10. …05). Self-determination theory and work Motivation. Journal of Organizational Be…
  11. Hacker Motivation

Motivation Theories and Instructional Design

  1. Butler, Y. G. (2017). Motivational elements of digital instructional games: A st…
  2. …le goal contexts to promote students’ Motivation and learning. Journal of Educ…
  3. …dentifying the four major categories of Motivational design, the ARCS model desc…
  4. Keller, J. M. (2010). Motivational design for learning and performance: The ARCS…
  5. …tional methods. No matter how effective Motivational tactics are, they lose thei…
  6. …mary school students’ achievement and Motivation in geography learning. Comput…
  7. …heory and the facilitation of intrinsic Motivation, social development, and well…
  8. …ele, U. (2001). The role of interest in Motivation and learning. In J.M. Collis …
  9. …e development of interest and intrinsic Motivational orientations. Learning and …
  10. Technology Examples for Promoting Motivation
  11. …om: Students’ learning strategies and Motivation processes. Journal of Educati…
  12. …pment of an attribution-based theory of Motivation: A history of ideas. Educatio…
  13. The two basic types of Motivation are intrinsic Motivation and extrinsic motivat…
  14. Theories of Motivation
  15. …, B. (1986). An attributional theory of Motivation and emotion. New York, NY: Sp…
  16. …tributions of classroom perceptions and Motivation. Contemporary Educational Psy…
  17. …ow self-efficacy, which results in poor Motivation to learn (Bandura, 1997; Wigf…
  18. Design for Motivation
  19. …eory considers the source of people’s Motivation to be their perception of why…
  20. …006). Classroom goal structure, student Motivation, and academic achievement. An…
  21. According to the theory, intrinsic Motivation emerges spontaneously from satisfy…
  22. Table 2. Systematic process of Motivational design (adapted from Keller, 2010)
  23. … E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic Motivation and self-determination in hum…
  24. …oidance achievement goals and intrinsic Motivation: A mediational analysis. Jour…
  25. …pport for community college students’ Motivation and persistence in online mat…
  26. …l of approach and avoidance achievement Motivation. Journal of Personality and S…
  27. …ry focuses on different orientations of Motivation that influence the quality of…
  28. …oal orientations to predict students’ Motivation, cognition, and achievement. …
  29. …ele, U. (1991). Interest, learning, and Motivation. Educational Psychologist, 26…
  30. …trich, P. R., & De Groot, E. V. (1990). Motivational and self-regulated learning…
  31. …laying games (MMORPGs) foster intrinsic Motivation. Educational Technology Resea…
  32. Goal setting is a key Motivational process (Locke & Latham, 1984). Goals are the…
  33. …faction, concerns learner’s continued Motivation to learn. If they experience …
  34. Motivation is a so-called prerequisite to learning. As such, it has long been of…
  35. …cal agents effects on enhancing student Motivation and learning in a science inq…
  36. Although it is clear that intrinsic Motivation promotes learning, most learning …
  37. …ntzel & A. Wigfield (Eds.), Handbook of Motivation at school (pp. 197–222). Ne…
  38. …rchers have long recognized the role of Motivation in learning and have studied …
  39. … (1988). A social-cognitive approach to Motivation and personality. Psychologica…
  40. …lue of task is a critical antecedent of Motivation (Deci & Ryan, 2000; Wigfield …
  41. … Expectancy-value theory of achievement Motivation. Contemporary Educational Psy…
  42. …& Midgley, C. (1991). Enhancing student Motivation: A schoolwide approach. Educa…
  43. … Expectancy-value theory of achievement Motivation: A developmental perspective.…
  44. …is central to the attribution theory of Motivation because each dimension is rel…
  45. …Development of use of the ARCS model of Motivational design. Journal of Instruct…
  46. …& Latham, G. P. (1984). Goal setting: A Motivational technique that works! Engle…
  47. …fferentiates the construct of extrinsic Motivation. The theory explains how to m…
  48. External Motivation, located at the far left of the extrinsic Motivation continu…
  49. These various Motivation theories show that Motivation is complex and multidimen…
  50. The most well-known antecedent of Motivation is probably interest. We often see …
  51. …uncontrollable causes tends to decrease Motivation and engagement.
  52. …he strongest factors that drive one’s Motivation. When students believe that t…
  53. …entzel & A. Wigfield (Eds.) Handbook of Motivation at school (pp.77-104). New Yo…
  54. …e been developed to enhance learners’ Motivation. Educational games are one of…
  55. …Meece, J. L., & Pintrich, P. R. (2014). Motivation in education: Theory, researc…
  56. …n situational interest and performance. Motivation and Emotion, 39(1), 104-118.…
  57. Motivation has been defined as a desire or disposition to engage and persist in …
  58. The shared attributes of the different Motivational concepts constitute the acro…
  59. … facilitate college students’ reading Motivation and engagement (Park & Kim, 2…
  60. …er Meij, and Harmsen (2015) developed a Motivational animated pedagogical agent …

Motivation Theories on Learning

  1. …ortunities to distinguish between inner Motivation and outward behavior. Certain…
  2. …g withmastery versus performance goals. Motivation and Emotion, 31, 61-70.…
  3. Common sense suggests that human Motivations originate from some sort of inner
  4. Motivation is enhanced if students feel a degree of autonomy or responsibility f…
  5. …izing and directing effects by the term Motivation or sometimes Motivation to le…
  6. …so important for maximizing students’ Motivation. School days are often filled…
  7. … R. & Lynch, M. (2003). Philosophies of Motivation and classroom management. In …
  8. Weiner, B. (2005). Motivation from an attribution perspective and the social psy…
  9. A model of Motivation that integrates many ideas about Motivation, including tho…
  10. …s asserting the importance of intrinsic Motivation. The self-determination versi…
  11. …goal orientations topredict students’ Motivation, cognition, and achievement. …
  12. …ntioned, behaviorist perspectives about Motivation do reflect a classroom realit…
  13. …ns combine affects students’ academic Motivations in major ways. It usually he…
  14. … students’ intrinsic, self-sustaining Motivations. As it happens, help with be…
  15. …itioning, in fact, can be understood in Motivational terms. Another one, for exa…
  16. Sometimes it is useful to think of Motivation not as something “inside” a st…
  17. …ttitudes. The abilities and achievement Motivation of peers themselves can also …
  18. … Both circumstances will interfere with Motivation.
  19. Intrinsic Motivation
  20. Behaviorist perspective on Motivation
  21. A major current perspective about Motivation is based on self-efficacy theory, w…
  22. Like Motivation itself, theories of it are full of diversity. For convenience in…
  23. A recent theory of Motivation based on the idea of needs is self-determination t…
  24. …als, on the other hand, imply extrinsic Motivation and tend to show the mixed ef…
  25. …ersion of the behavioral perspective on Motivation is the theory of operant cond…
  26. …the elements contributes to students’ Motivation either directly or indirectly…
  27. Motivation as Self-efficacy
  28. …ssrooms: Goals, structures, and student Motivation. Journal of Educational Psych…
  29. …ome a primary, explicit explanation for Motivation (Bandura, 1977, 1986, 1997). …
  30. …stic structures seems to create optimal Motivation for learning (Slavin, 1995).…
  31. Motivation as Self-determination
  32. …et: A Model for Integrating Ideas about Motivation
  33. Motivation is affected by how students are grouped together for their work—a t…
  34. …C. (2000). Self-theories: Their role in Motivation, personality, and development…
  35. …interest is another aspect of intrinsic Motivation—energy or drive that comes …
  36. …therefore, they are a form of intrinsic Motivation. As such, mastery goals have …
  37. Self-determination and Intrinsic Motivation
  38. Teachers can support students’ Motivation by recognizing their achievements ap…
  39. …d failure. As such, they tend to affect Motivation in various ways, depending on…
  40. …ressful conditions and to recover their Motivation following outright failures. …
  41. A Caution: Motivation as Content Versus Motivation as Process
  42. Motivation Need for relatedness
  43. Ames, C. (1990). Motivation: What teachers need to know. Teachers College Record…
  44. …s heavy emphasis on just the process of Motivation, at the expense of the conten…
  45. …can have complex effects on students’ Motivations. A second effect of high sel…
  46. …utions about Behavioral Perspectives On Motivation
  47. Motivation—the energy or drive that gives behavior direction and focus—can b…
  48. … have to take over students’ academic Motivation completely. Teachers can enco…
  49. …draws on ideas from several theories of Motivation to make practical recommendat…
  50. …with consequent differences in academic Motivation—students show obvious diffe…
  51. …Operant Conditioning as Learning and as Motivation
  52. …ay to think about students’ intrinsic Motivation and therefore to think about …
  53. …2003). What do students say about their Motivational goals? Toward a morecomplex…

Informal Learning

  1. …riven by intrinsic as well as extrinsic Motivation. Second, as organizations ref…
  2. …rning in educational institutions, as a Motivational tool and in the form of mic…

Overview of Problem-Based Learning

  1. …ity; adaptability; ease with diversity; Motivation and persistence (for example …
  2. Savery, J. R. (1999). Enhancing Motivation and learning through collaboration an…

An Instructional Theory for the Post-Industrial Age

  1. …adigm systematically destroys that self-Motivation by removing all self-directio…
  2. …st, for a variety of reasons, intrinsic Motivation is emphasized in the informat…
  3. To enhance intrinsic Motivation, instructional methods should be learner-centere…
  4. …t-industrial era: principally intrinsic Motivation, customization, attainment-ba…
  5. Student engagement or Motivation is key to learning. No matter how much work the…

Using the First Principles of Instruction to Make Instruction Effective, Efficient, and Engaging

  1. Motivation
  2. Motivation is an outcome, not a cause. What promotes engagement and hence Motivation?…
  3. … weren’t motivated.” Or that “Motivation is the most important part of learning.”…

Instructional Design Models

  1. …t is learned due to either instruction, Motivation, or resources. Thus, some mod…
  2. Keller, J. M. (2016). Motivation, learning, and technology: Applying the ARCS-V …

Defining and Differentiating the Makerspace

  1. …ver of all actions based upon intrinsic Motivation (Zimmerman, 1986). All knowle…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. …ort and practice and leads to increased Motivation and achievement. The U.S. Dep…
  2. …milies. After observing her students’ Motivation to persist through game chall…

Technology Integration in Schools

  1. …reased access to information, increased Motivation of students to complete their…

The Learner-Centered Paradigm of Education

  1. This system enhances Motivation by placing greater responsibility and ownership …
  2. …s: (1) cognitive and metacognitive, (2) Motivational and affective, (3) developm…
  3. …tive in promoting the highest levels of Motivation, learning, and achievement fo…

Distance Learning

  1. …ills, (4) technical skills, (5) learner Motivation, (6) time and support, (7) co…
  2. …Using focus groups to study ALN faculty Motivation. Journal of Asynchronous Lear…
  3. …ent is in the community, and his or her Motivation and drive to share, interact,…
  4. …t is (more) about the students: Faculty Motivations and concerns regarding teach…
  5. … setting learners experienced increased Motivation and engagement. However, some…

The Value of Serious Play

  1. …he utility of games, not just for their Motivational characteristics, but also f…
  2. … Instructional Technology: Learning and Motivation
  3. …, D., & Lepper, M. R. (1974). Intrinsic Motivation: How to turn play into work. …
  4. Lepper, M. R. (1988). Motivational considerations in the study of instruction. C…
  5. …o been made possible, ones in which the Motivational energy of sophisticated mul…
  6. …e task is to somehow blend or “wed” Motivation to the learning process. Fort…
  7. Keller, J. M. (1983). Motivational design of instruction. In C. M. Reigeluth (Ed…
  8. …rinsic dichotomy: Self-determination in Motivation and learning. Motivation and …
  9. …., & Suzuki, K. (1988). Use of the ARCS Motivation model in courseware design. I…
  10. …rovement in practical reasoning skills, Motivational levels, and retention. Repo…
  11. …chotomy between extrinsic and intrinsic Motivation quickly blurs in everyday sit…
  12. …. R., & Chabay, R. W. (1985). Intrinsic Motivation and instruction: Conflicting …
  13. … The debate about rewards and intrinsic Motivation: Protests and accusations do …
  14. …ducators, our challenge is to implicate Motivation into learning through play, a…
  15. …). Reinforcement, reward, and intrinsic Motivation: A meta-analysis. Review of E…
  16. … E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic Motivation and self-determination in hum…
  17. …the training environment on pretraining Motivation and perceived training and tr…
  18. …mes offer a new possibility for wedding Motivation and self-regulated learning w…
  19. …g learning fun: A taxonomy of intrinsic Motivations for learning. In R. E. Snow …
  20. …e to apply what we know about learning, Motivation, and working cooperatively gi…
  21. Traditional views of Motivation in education usually reduce down to two things: …
  22. Prescribing Motivation in formal educational settings has long been a puzzle for…
  23. …ely value this knowledge). Learning and Motivation seem to reach their pinnacle …
  24. …vney, M., & Drake, M. (1996). Intrinsic Motivation and extrinsic rewards: A comm…

Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics

  1. …ith linked data for learning analytics: Motivation, case study and directions. I…

Opportunities and Challenges with Digital Open Badges

  1. …f badges, including positive effects on Motivation, guidance, and recognition.…
  2. …mbol (Newby et al., 2015), promoters of Motivation and self-regulation (Newby et…
  3. …istics in establishing higher levels of Motivation (Pink, 2011).
  4. …eate appeal for a learner’s intrinsic Motivation by rewarding effort and impro…
  5. …d how badges may contribute to enhanced Motivation and self-regulation. By explo…

Careers in Museum Learning

  1. …ing, with a special emphasis on visitor Motivation and experience design. Intend…

Open Education

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. …en as creating the context within which Open Education could flourish, partly by…
  2. If MOOCs were the glamorous side of Open Education, all breathless headlines and…
  3. 2002: Open Educational Resources (OER)
  4. …ll in the making. The raised profile of Open Education and online learning cause…
  5. …, especially through open textbooks and Open Educational practice (OEP).…

IV. Technology and Media

  1. …ented in this section, with articles on Open Educational resources, gamified lea…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. …//www.oercommons.org/], a repository of Open Educational resources (OER) that ca…

Technology Integration in Schools

  1. Wiley, D. (2007). Open Educational resources: On the sustainability of OER initi…
  2. … Hammond, A. L. (2007). A review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) movemen…
  3. Open Educational Resources
  4. …e computing initiatives, integration of Open Educational resources, various meth…
  5. …d maintaining technology resources. The Open Educational Resource (OER) movement…
  6. The Open Educational Resource (OER) movement is a worldwide initiative providing…

Open Educational Resources

  1. …a that someone, somewhere believes that Open Education means “open entry to fu…
  2. … a good introduction to his thoughts on Open Educational resources and is a prep…
  3. …ond model, you utilize freely available Open Educational resources delivered fro…
  4. …ra, have done more harm to the cause of Open Education than anything else in the…
  5. …ned idea of “open,” and describe an Open Education infrastructure on which t…
  6. For years, creators of Open Educational resources have declined to share their a…
  7. …uly open credentials, open assessments, Open Educational resources, and open com…
  8. Hewlett. (2014). Open Educational Resources. https://edtechbooks.org/-zh
  9. …ir free use and re-purposing by others. Open Educational resources include full …
  10. Creating an Open Education infrastructure unleashes the talent and passion of pe…
  11. The Open Education Infrastructure
  12. …e the overall blueprint and foundation, Open Educational resources provide a pat…
  13. …s: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back for Open Education
  14. …or additional learning from Wiley about Open Educational resources and their rel…
  15. …September 18). The MOOC misstep and the Open Education infrastructure [Web log p…
  16. An Open Education infrastructure, which can support extremely rapid, low cost ex…
  17. … policy, in the decade from 2001–2010 Open Education was dominated by individu…
  18. …ys people and institutions will use the Open Education infrastructure to make in…
  19. … be conducted on top of what I call the Open Education infrastructure.
  20. Open competencies are the core of the Open Education infrastructure because they…

Creating an Intentional Web Presence

  1. …of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), Open Educational resources (OER) (e.g., …
  2. …, & Adler, R. P. (2008). Minds on fire: Open Education, the long tail, and learn…
  3. … Hammond, A. L. (2007). A review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) movemen…
  4. …. Degrees of openness: the emergence of Open Education resources at the Universi…

Where Should Educational Technologists Publish Their Research?

  1. …doption of new digital technologies and Open Educational resources, open academi…

PIDT, the Important Unconference for Academics

  1. …irst heard about Twitter here, and OER (Open Educational Resources). Things that…

Problem-Based Learning

Twenty Years of EdTech

  1. …tal, networked context. Constructivism, Problem-Based Learning, and resource-bas…

Sociocultural Perspectives of Learning

  1. …opment of higher-order thinking skills. Problem-Based Learning environments have…
  2. …). One-day, one-problem: An approach to Problem-Based Learning. Springer Science…
  3. This instructional method derived from Problem-Based Learning, which was first i…
  4. …dents could also have greater access to Problem-Based Learning that reflects sit…

Communities of Innovation

  1. …S., & Williams, D. D. (2013). Improving Problem-Based Learning in creative commu…

Overview of Problem-Based Learning

  1. Barrows, H. S., & Kelson, A. (1993). Problem-Based Learning in secondary educati…
  2. … C. D. (2000). Does the introduction of Problem-Based Learning change graduate p…
  3. …cture at Newcastle. In B. Wallis (Ed.), Problem-Based Learning: The Newcastle wo…
  4. When asked to provide an overview of Problem-Based Learning for the introductory…
  5. …, S. (2002). Problems as possibilities: Problem-Based Learning for K-16 educatio…
  6. …hed in the Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning [https://edtechbo…
  7. …arrows, H. S., & Tamblyn, R. M. (1980). Problem-Based Learning: An approach to m…
  8. Hmelo-Silver, C. E. (2004). Problem-Based Learning: What and how do students lea…
  9. …ncerns that prompted the development of Problem-Based Learning in medical school…
  10. Savery, J.R., & Duffy, T.M. (1995). Problem-Based Learning: An instructional mod…
  11. Bridges, E.M., & Hallinger, P. (1996). Problem-Based Learning in leadership educ…
  12. …-Fisher R. W., & Lynagh, M., C. (2005). Problem-Based Learning: A dissemination …
  13. White, H. B. (1996). Dan tries Problem-Based Learning: A case study. In L. Richl…
  14. … H. S. (1994). Practice-based learning: Problem-Based Learning applied to medica…
  15. Problem-Based Learning vs. Inquiry-based Learning
  16. …re generations of students experience a Problem-Based Learning approach and enga…
  17. …me for institutions to commit to a full Problem-Based Learning approach. However…
  18. Problem-Based Learning vs. Case-based and Project-based Learning
  19. … philosophy, strategies, and tactics of Problem-Based Learning. Duch, Groh, and …
  20. Woods, D. R. 1994. Problem-Based Learning: How to gain the most from PBL. Waterd…
  21. …nd teachers as a center for research on Problem-Based Learning. The Problem-base…
  22. …kerson & W. Gijselaers (Eds.), Bringing Problem-Based Learning to higher educati…
  23. …Groh, S. E., & Allen, D. E. (2001). Why Problem-Based Learning? A case study of …
  24. …99) Do we all mean the same thing by “Problem-Based Learning”? A review of t…
  25. …Gijselaers, W. (Eds.). (1996). Bringing Problem-Based Learning to higher educati…
  26. Barrows, H. S. (1996). Problem-Based Learning in medicine and beyond: A brief ov…
  27. … teachers. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 1 (1), 40-54.…
  28. Albanese, M. A., & Mitchell, S. (1993). Problem-Based Learning: A review of the …
  29. Stinson, J. E., & Milter, R. G. (1996). Problem-Based Learning in business educa…
  30. Problem-Based Learning appears to be more than a passing fad in education. This …
  31. …, D. T. A., & Blake, R. L. (1993). Does Problem-Based Learning work? A meta-anal…
  32. Savery, J. R. (2006). Overview of Problem-Based Learning: Definitions and distin…
  33. … & Feletti, G. (1997). The challenge of Problem-Based Learning (2nd ed.). London…
  34. …tes, “The problem simulations used in Problem-Based Learning must be ill-struc…
  35. Project-based learning is similar to Problem-Based Learning in that the learning…
  36. …d & G. Feletti (Eds.), The challenge of Problem-Based Learning (2nd ed.) (pp. 93…
  37. …d meta-analysis on the effectiveness of Problem-Based Learning. Retrieved Decemb…

An Instructional Theory for the Post-Industrial Age

  1. …arrows, H. S., & Tamblyn, R. M. (1980). Problem-Based Learning: An approach to m…
  2. Barrows, H. S. (1986). A taxonomy of Problem-Based Learning methods. Medical Edu…
  3. …lem-based instruction” rather than “Problem-Based Learning” because the la…

Defining and Differentiating the Makerspace

  1. … K. S. (2014). A multilevel analysis of Problem-Based Learning design characteri…
  2. … teachers. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 1(1), 40–54. d…
  3. …H. S. (2006). Goals and strategies of a Problem-Based Learning facilitator. Inte…
  4. Gallagher, S. A. (1997). Problem-Based Learning: Where did it come from, what do…
  5. …ructionism, collaborative learning, and Problem-Based Learning comprises the hea…
  6. …J. D., & Lee, C. L. (2002). A review of Problem-Based Learning. Journal of Famil…
  7. …etween informal makerspace learning and Problem-Based Learning (PBL). At the ver…
  8. …2009). Facilitating technology-enhanced Problem-Based Learning (PBL) in the midd…

User Experience Design

  1. … approach. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning.

Project-Based Learning

Sociocultural Perspectives of Learning

  1. …y are alike, problem-based learning and Project-Based Learning traditionally dif…
  2. Project-Based Learning is a multi-layered process of acquiring new skills and kn…
  3. Project-Based Learning
  4. …raro, M. M., Morgan, J. R. (2013). STEM Project-Based Learning: An integrated sc…
  5. Project-Based Learning engages learners in collaborative situations where they m…
  6. …ude collaborative authentic activities, Project-Based Learning, flipped learning…
  7. …of these situations, most enactments of Project-Based Learning involve learners …

Overview of Problem-Based Learning

  1. …oblem-based Learning vs. Case-based and Project-Based Learning
  2. Project-Based Learning is similar to problem-based learning in that the learning…
  3. …tered instructional strategies, such as Project-Based Learning, case-based learn…
  4. … M., & Palinscar, A. (1991). Motivating Project-Based Learning: Sustaining the d…

An Instructional Theory for the Post-Industrial Age

  1. …BI broadly to encompass instruction for Project-Based Learning and inquiry learn…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. Project-Based Learning
  2. …tal skills associated with implementing Project-Based Learning with digital medi…
  3. …ate rich connections to history through Project-Based Learning, specifically mak…
  4. Project-Based Learning takes place in the context of authentic problems, continu…

Qualitative

Sociocultural Perspectives of Learning

  1. … as developmental theories, focusing on Qualitative changes in behavior over tim…

Learning Communities

  1. …g professors. Journal of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, 5(4), 230–245.Go…

Communities of Innovation

  1. …eativity scholars have largely rejected Qualitative methods, too much is still u…

III. Design

  1. … world: through exploration (often with Qualitative research methods), through e…

The Development of Design-Based Research

  1. …). Second, because many DBR studies are Qualitative, they produce large amounts …
  2. …f multiple research methodologies, both Qualitative and quantitative, and thus c…
  3. …quality associated with quantitative or Qualitative methods.

User Experience Design

  1. …ering, is ethnography. Ethnography is a Qualitative research method in which a r…

What Is Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge?

  1. …h technologies. The latter, however, is Qualitatively different in that its func…

Rigor, Influence, and Prestige in Academic Publishing

  1. Prestige is a Qualitative judgment about the respect a scholar receives for publ…
  2. … overall. Combining these criteria, our Qualitative judgment would be to rate th…
  3. … have attempted to apply these criteria Qualitatively—using the metrics and da…
  4. …se criteria should be applied flexibly, Qualitatively, and intelligently in maki…

Careers in Museum Learning

  1. …ave competency in both quantitative and Qualitative research methods, data analy…

Quantitative

Communities of Innovation

  1. …ially useful research method, including Quantitative, qualitative, conversation …
  2. …ity in the workplace: An examination of Quantitative empirical research. Advance…

III. Design

  1. …ds), through explanation (often through Quantitative methods) and design. As LID…

The Development of Design-Based Research

  1. …rch methodologies, both qualitative and Quantitative, and thus cannot be recogni…
  2. …al standards of quality associated with Quantitative or qualitative methods.…

Technology Integration in Schools

  1. … One to one computing: A summary of the Quantitative results from the Berkshire …

What Are the Skills of an Instructional Designer?

  1. …of the questionnaire was to establish a Quantitative appraisal of our panelists

Careers in Museum Learning

  1. …aluators should have competency in both Quantitative and qualitative research me…

Scaffolding

Sociocultural Perspectives of Learning

  1. Scaffolding Learners
  2. … a context of collaborative activities, Scaffolding learner’s efforts by provi…
  3. Puntambekar, S. (2009). Scaffolding. Education.com. Retrieved from http://www.ed…
  4. … have developed together. The amount of Scaffolding that teachers should provide…
  5. … support these collaborative efforts by Scaffolding learning with tools and reso…
  6. The notion of instructional Scaffolding is closely related to the idea of ZPD. S…
  7. Ideas such as ZPD and Scaffolding bring to light a fundamentally different view …
  8. …lly thought. She provides an example of Scaffolding being heavily dependent on v…
  9. …lso promotes student-initiated inquiry, Scaffolding, and soft skill development …
  10. … of students. Considering the amount of Scaffolding needed based on individual c…
  11. Scaffolding can occur in a few ways. First, teachers can serve as a scaffold by …

Informal Learning

  1. …t is combined with other strategies for Scaffolding learning in order to build p…

Overview of Problem-Based Learning

  1. … final product. The teaching (modeling, Scaffolding, questioning, etc.) is provi…
  2. …o PBL require significant instructional Scaffolding to support the development o…

An Instructional Theory for the Post-Industrial Age

  1. …p a personal learning plan, coaching or Scaffolding the student’s learning whe…

User Experience Design

  1. …earning theories to guide design (e.g., Scaffolding, sociocultural theory, etc.)…

Technology Integration

Introduction

  1. …e learning, design-based research, K-12 Technology Integration, instructional ga…

Instructional Design Models

  1. …K-based instructional design model in a Technology Integration course. Etr&D-Edu…

IV. Technology and Media

  1. …l read about current research trends in Technology Integration, and frameworks f…

Technology Integration in Schools

  1. …to change teachers’ attitudes towards Technology Integration and to strengthen…
  2. … in promoting effective and sustainable Technology Integration.
  3. …hapter, we have organized our review of Technology Integration research around a…
  4. …2012). Instructional designers and P-12 Technology Integration. In R.A. Reiser &…
  5. … J. (2010). A systems-based approach to Technology Integration using mentoring a…
  6. …ion Act of 2001 mandated an emphasis on Technology Integration in all areas of K…
  7. …Since one of the largest impediments to Technology Integration has been cost (Gr…
  8. …arning activity types: Curriculum-based Technology Integration Reframed. Journal…
  9. … improving teachers’ attitudes toward Technology Integration and increasing th…
  10. …y useful framework describing levels of Technology Integration—a tool which is…
  11. Defining Technology and Technology Integration
  12. …mproving curriculum-based knowledge and Technology Integration self-efficacy. Al…
  13. … that student teachers who had received Technology Integration training indicate…
  14. Need for Pedagogically Sound Technology Integration Practices
  15. … educational technologies, the focus of Technology Integration often turns to in…
  16. … A framework for evaluating educational Technology Integration. TechTrends: Link…
  17. Goals of Technology Integration Professional Development
  18. …assroom: An evaluation of inquiry-based Technology Integration. In D.W. Sunal, E…
  19. …ncreased learning outcomes. Research on Technology Integration training for teac…
  20. Technology Integration Professional Development Methods
  21. …o providing professional development on Technology Integration issues, researche…
  22. Davies, R. S., & West, R. E. (2014). Technology Integration in schools. In Handb…
  23. … provide an overoptimistic indicator of Technology Integration. In fact, some fe…
  24. Technology Integration: the effective implementation of educational technologies…
  25. …gy to mediate professional development. Technology Integration practices are mod…
  26. …ent our understanding and evaluation of Technology Integration efforts at both c…
  27. …d that additional benefits derived from Technology Integration might include inc…
  28. … development outcomes. In an article on Technology Integration, MacDonald (2008)…
  29. …., Ross, J. D., & Ertmer, P. A. (2010). Technology Integration for meaningful cl…
  30. …ial studies teachers’ perspectives of Technology Integration. Journal of Techn…
  31. …Lowther, D.L. (2010). Factors affecting Technology Integration in K-12 classroom…
  32. …rt to understand systemic influences on Technology Integration. As Tondeur, van …
  33. …tributes to the difficulty of effective Technology Integration. For example, exp…
  34. …velopment for information communication Technology Integration: Identifying and …
  35. …standing of what technology is and what Technology Integration means. For many, …
  36. Bauer, J., & Kenton, J. (2005). Toward Technology Integration in the schools: Wh…
  37. …l economy. This chapter explored school Technology Integration efforts as progre…
  38. …2.0 in the redesign of a graduate-level Technology Integration course. TechTrend…
  39. …e of mentoring in helping teachers gain Technology Integration skills. Kopcha (2…
  40. …03), ethical issues frequently surface. Technology Integration has caused major …
  41. …professional development to teachers on Technology Integration issues. We highli…
  42. … framework for professional development Technology Integration that attempts to …
  43. …tic impression of progress in effective Technology Integration and use. Having g…
  44. … goals and criteria used for evaluating Technology Integration.
  45. For this analysis we define Technology Integration as the effective implementati…
  46. …le TPACK and other pedagogically driven Technology Integration efforts are an im…

K-12 Technology Frameworks

  1. … sufficient to produce truly meaningful Technology Integration. Rather, teachers…
  2. TPACK is the most commonly used Technology Integration model amongst educational…
  3. …ted as follows:Kimmons, R. (2016). K-12 Technology Integration [https://edtechbo…
  4. …s. Adapted from R. Kimmons (2016). K-12 Technology Integration [https://edtechbo…
  5. Technology Integration models are theoretical models that are designed to help t…
  6. Technology Integration Models
  7. RAT and SAMR are very similar Technology Integration models, though RAT has been…
  8. …r. Royce Kimmon’s open textbook, K-12 Technology Integration [https://edtechbo…
  9. …nt for teachers to begin thinking about Technology Integration. PIC-RAT assumes …

What Is Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge?

  1. …n the extent and quality of educational Technology Integration. These three know…
  2. …of research and scholarship by bringing Technology Integration into the kinds of…
  3. …fs: The final frontier in our quest for Technology Integration. Educational Tech…
  4. … understanding approaches to successful Technology Integration requires educator…
  5. An Approach to Thinking about Technology Integration
  6. …t offer a one-size-fits-all approach to Technology Integration when, in fact, te…
  7. …anding of technology. The complexity of Technology Integration comes from an app…
  8. …or looking at a complex phenomenon like Technology Integration in ways that are …

Opportunities and Challenges with Digital Open Badges

  1. …dit is due: Designing open badges for a Technology Integration course. TechTrend…

What Are the Skills of an Instructional Designer?

  1. … in high schools (Clark, 2006); optimal Technology Integration in adult literacy…
  2. …lentine, T. (2006). Optimizing computer Technology Integration. Adult Basic Educ…

Careers in K-12 Education

  1. …ople often have extensive classroom and Technology Integration experience with g…
  2. …am. The skills and knowledge related to Technology Integration in K-12 settings …
  3. …). Factors and interactions influencing Technology Integration during situated p…
  4. …ogy in K-12 systems today, knowing that Technology Integration skills and instru…
  5. …calaureate program that has emphasis in Technology Integration, multimedia devel…
  6. …great opportunity to influence improved Technology Integration in K-12 settings …

TPACK

Instructional Design Models

  1. …& Akcaoglu, 2016 for a discussion); and TPACK-IDDIRR model (Lee & Kim, 2014). An…
  2. …C. (2014). An implementation study of a TPACK-based instructional design model i…

United States National Educational Technology Plan

  1. TPACK.org. (2002). Quick links. Retrieved from http://www.TPACK.org/.…

Technology Integration in Schools

  1. …ological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK): The development and validation o…
  2. …nology integration framework that, like TPACK, is pedagogically driven but sensi…
  3. Since TPACK emerged as a theoretical framework, researchers have explored its po…
  4. TPACK: technological pedagogical content knowledge, the knowledge teachers need …
  5. …, Ni, X., & Li, G. (2010). Developing a TPACK assessment framework for evaluatin…
  6. …ges that can support frameworks such as TPACK at the organizational level.…
  7. …ological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK). This framework is discussed else…
  8. While TPACK and other pedagogically driven technology integration efforts are an…
  9. …extually based and pedagogically sound. TPACK proponents argue that teachers mus…

K-12 Technology Frameworks

  1. TPACK
  2. TPACK goes on to explain that when we try to integrate technology into a classro…
  3. TPACK is the most commonly used technology integration model amongst educational…
  4. …ological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK).
  5. …ill explore will include the following: TPACK, RAT, SAMR, and PIC-RAT.
  6. …permission of the publisher, © 2012 by TPACK.org

What Is Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge?

  1. Implications of the TPACK Framework
  2. The TPACK Framework
  3. TPACK is an emergent form of knowledge that goes beyond all three “core” com…
  4. The TPACK framework builds on Shulman’s (1987, 1986) descriptions of PCK to de…
  5. …gogy and content, expert teachers bring TPACK into play any time they teach. Eac…
  6. In addition, the TPACK framework offers several possibilities for promoting rese…
  7. …other two core knowledge domains in the TPACK framework (pedagogy and content). …
  8. …ology, pedagogy, and content knowledge (TPACK) framework. An overview of the fra…
  9. …rvable effects. The current work on the TPACK framework seeks to extend this tra…
  10. The definition of TK used in the TPACK framework is close to that of Fluency of …
  11. …chnological pedagogical knowledge), and TPACK.
  12. …gy is a difficult thing to do well. The TPACK framework suggests that content, p…

Careers in K-12 Education

  1. …ical pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK) through professional development …