7.12: Women Reporters in the Movies
Torchy Blane, featured in nine Hollywood movies from 1937 to 1939 and played by three different actresses, was a fictional newspaper reporter who was also a tough-talking, crime-solving detective.
In the 1939 episode, “Torchy Blane Runs for Mayor,” the reporter, played at that time by Glenda Farrell, exposed corruption in a city government where the mayor was taking money from the mob. In a plot twist with modern-day implications, the mayor threatens to withdraw advertising from any newspapers who criticize him, but Torchy finds a paper that will publish the truth.
Cited by one journalism researcher as “the most famous fictional journalist you’ve never heard of,” Torchy Blane may have been the most well-known fictional reporter of her time - more popular than either Lois Lane or Brenda Starr, two other fictional women reporters in the popular media of the time (see IJPC notes).
Although actress Glenda Farrell is most prominently associated with the character, Torchy Blane was also played by Lola Lane in one movie and her name served as the inspiration for the reporter Lois Lane in the Superman comics (Turner Classic Movies, April 24, 2019). You can read a summary of all Torchy Blane films here.
The image of a truth-seeking, fearless, tough-minded female reporter was a liberating role model for women during the mid-20th century when movies were the predominant entertainment media. In the 1970s, the Mary Tyler Moore Show and Murphy Brown continued to portray women reporters as independent figures, although the roles were in comedies where the news business was broadly played for laughs.
In another example, the film "Meet John Doe" (1941), features a woman newspaper columnist (Barbara Stanwyck), who, on the verge of being fired, recruits a drifter (Gary Cooper) to impersonate a non-existent person that the nation falls in love with, just to generate more interest in her newspaper. Although the main characters appear to change their attitudes and regret their actions, the film shows the power of deception and manipulation in the big business of selling newspapers ("Meet John Doe" Shows the Darkness of American Democracy, Kristin Hunt, 2019).
Nevertheless, the portrayals of women in the movies are often based on longstanding gender roles and stereotypes. One recent study of 180,000 sentences in movie plots between 1940 and 2019 showed that women characters have been primarily associated with themes of romance, sexual relationships, and weddings, while male characters have more diverse roles and portrayals (Gender Stereotypes in Hollywood Movies and Their Evolution Over Time: Insights from Network Analysis. Big Data and Cognitive Computing, 2022).
Gender stereotyping means the images of women reporters in movies is complex, and evolving. For example, there is Lois Lane, the newspaper reporter in the Superman movies, who has gone from someone who had to be rescued by a man to an in-charge woman journalist in the most recent stories and the series.
Looking at media today, do you see any women news reporters in recent Hollywood movies or current television or streaming shows (for example, Jennifer Aniston and Reese Witherspoon on The Morning Show on Apple TV+)? How do they compare with the image of a strong-minded reporter like Torchy Blane?
In this activity you will design a poster for a modern-day movie, TV show, podcast, or streaming series about a strong, independent, ethical, truth-seeking woman journalist.
Activity: Design a Poster for a Movie, TV Show, Podcast, or Streaming Series about a Woman Journalist
- Use the Teacher and Student Guide to Critically Analyzing Images to examine the design techniques used in posters for Torchy Blane movies, such as Torchy Blane Playing with Dynamite.
- Then, spend 10-15 minutes free writing your thoughts for a movie, TV show, podcast, or streaming series about a woman journalist. Consider the following prompts:
- Who would be the characters?
- What would be the setting?
- What would be the storyline?
- What are the main tensions/conflicts facing the characters?
- How would the main character balance the demands of presenting news as objective and truthful at a time when entertainment and fake news spread faster than truthful news?
- Finally, design a digital or print poster for the movie, TV show, podcast, or streaming series.
- Torchy Blane Collection, Warner Bros
- Torchy Blane was scorching newspaperwoman
- A Look at How Hollywood Depicts Female Journalists. (Hint: It's Not Always Positive.). The Washington Post (April 27, 2017).
Connecting to the Building Democracy for All eBook
Building Democracy for All: Writing the News: Different Formats and Their Functions
CC BY-NC-SA: This work is released under a CC BY-NC-SA license, which means that you are free to do with it as you please as long as you (1) properly attribute it, (2) do not use it for commercial gain, and (3) share any subsequent works under the same or a similar license.