Part I


This chapter has been published in the following reference:

Marín, V. I., Bond, M., Zawacki-Richter, O., Aydin, C. H., Bedenlier, S., Bozkurt, A., Conrad, D., Jung, I., Kondakci, Y., Prinsloo, P., Qayyum, A., Roberts, J., Sangrà, A., Slagter van Tryon, P. J., Veletsianos, G., & Xiao, J. (2020). A Comparative Study of National Infrastructures for Digital (Open) Educational Resources in Higher Education. Open Praxis, 12(2), 241–256.

Note: The case of the United States was only prepared for the macro level analysis, therefore it is not included in the meso and micro level analysis, and it does not have its full country case.

IntroductionUnderstanding (O)ERDigital Transformation in the WorldHigher Education Systems and Institutions in their Contexts

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