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Online Learning Journal

This special issue provides anchor points of knowledge in the broader landscape of online learning. Most of the authors have situated their systematic reviews in the context of earlier systematic reviews of online learning. When examining well-established research areas, they nest their findings into existing gaps or extend earlier reviews. Other reviews represent forays into newer areas where research has yet to fully mature; in effect, they offer an initial vision of what is known and how future studies might connect and extend some of the earlier research. In the spaces between these systematic reviews and the ones that came before them are gaps that remain to be filled. Some of these holes represent knowledge about directly related parallel topics (e.g., research on different learner groups or different pedagogical strategies), while others represent complementary topics (e.g., online learning technology, policy, and administration).

Beyond the content-focused insights offered by these systematic reviews, the articles also serve as models for future online learning reviews. They demonstrate varied ways of viewing and synthesizing a body of related research, including the use of existing frameworks, development of new thematic coding systems, and examinations of time, trends, and even cocitation. They provide methodological guidance and leave ledges onto which future researchers can develop future studies with meaningful foundations as well as update these reviews as years pass and additional research is conducted and published. Future researchers are encouraged to also focus on meso-level topics such as management, organization, and technology as this special issue did not include any studies on them.

Our hope is that readers enjoy the nine articles found in this special issue and utilize their insights in their own future research, teaching, or research translation efforts. Whatever your intended use or situation, we wish that you find this issue informative and beneficial. Given that the application and impact of online learning during the coming decade will likely continue the rapid pace set in the previous ones, there will be assorted uses and applications, many of them unintended or unplanned, of this issue of online learning research as well as the many such journal issues to follow.

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Florence Martin

University of North Carolina Charlotte

Dr. Florence Martin is a Professor in the Learning, Design and Technology program at University of North Carolina Charlotte. She received her Doctoral and Master's degrees in Educational Technology from Arizona State University. Prior to her current position, she was a tenured Associate Professor at University of North Carolina Wilmington. She has also worked on instructional design projects for Shooolini University, Viridis Learning, Maricopa Community College District, University of Phoenix, Intel, Cisco Learning Institute, and Arizona State University and taught online for North Carolina State University and Walden University. She teaches courses on Learning, Design and Technology 100% online. Dr. Martin engages in research focusing on the effective design of instruction and integration of digital technology to improve learning and performance. Dr. Martin served as the President of Multimedia Production Division in 2012-2013 and as the President of the Division of Distance Learning in 2017-2018 for Association for Educational Communications and Technology. She serves on the advisory council for North Carolina Virtual Public Schools and on the board for International Board of Standards for Training, Performance and instruction. For her detailed bio visit,

Vanessa P. Dennen

Florida State University

Dr. Vanessa Dennen is a Professor of Instructional Systems & Learning Technologies in the Department of Educational Psychology & Learning Systems. She joined the faculty at FSU in 2003.
Curtis J. Bonk

Indiana University

Curtis J. Bonk is Professor in the School of Education at Indiana University (IU) teaching psychology and technology courses and Adjunct in the School of Informatics at IU. He is a former software entrepreneur, certified public accountant, corporate controller, and educational psychologist who presently is an educational technologist, award-winning writer, highly published researcher, statewide and national awardee in innovative teaching with technology, and internationally acclaimed presenter. Curt is the author of over 400 publications including 20 books such as the Handbook of Blended Learning: Global Perspectives, Local Designs, MOOCs and Open Education in the Global South, The World is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education, and Transformative Teaching Around the World. He has given close to 2,000 talks around the world, including over 300 keynote and plenary talks. In 2020, Curt was awarded the IU President’s Award for Excellence in Teaching and Learning Technology and in 2021, he received the David H. Jonassen Excellence in Research Award. Recently, the American Educational Research Association (AERA) named him a 2022 AERA Fellow for his exceptional contributions to, and excellence in, education research, and the following week, he was honored with the International Engagement award from the IU School of Education. In 2022, he was also listed in the top 2% of scientists in the world based on publication citations for career. In 2023, AERA awarded Curt and his colleague Dr. Min Young Doo from Kangwon National University in Korea with the Outstanding International Research Collaboration Award and a few months later the US Distance Learning Association honored him with a USDLA Excellence in Distance Learning Research Award in Higher Education. Curt Bonk co-hosts the weekly award-winning podcast show, Silver Lining for Learning ( He can be contacted at and his homepage is