Personalized Learning Design Framework
For over a decade, the United States National Educational Technology Plan has called for an increase in personalized learning across P–12 contexts in response to the increasing diversity of learners’ backgrounds, abilities, needs, and interests. Following emergency remote teaching due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the diversity of learners’ abilities and needs may become even more extreme as many learners were ill-prepared for the self-regulation and increased agency of distance learning. As learners become increasingly diverse, it seems clear that a “one-size-fits-all” approach to learning will not work effectively. Based on the need for personalized learning across P–12 contexts, interviews about personalization practices with 62 P–12 teachers, and in response to broad perceptions of personalization across educational fields, the Personalized Learning Design Framework was created to describe elements of instruction that can be personalized, dimensions along which such elements can be personalized, the role technology may play in personalization, and a taxonomy of learner agency to guide a transition from instructor-centered to learner-centered practices.