• Ventanas abiertas I
  • Introduction
  • Table of Contents
  • Capítulo 1
  • Capítulo 2
  • Capítulo 3
  • Capítulo 4
  • Capítulo 5
  • Capítulo 6
  • Capítulo 7
  • Apéndice: How to Write a Composition in Spanish
  • Download
  • Translations
  • Gramática: El presente de ser

    Photo in black and white taken behind young woman seated on hillside gazing at the town below, graffiti on bench says "No somos invisibles"
    "No somos invisibles" by Bruno Malfondet is licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0.

    El presente de ser / the present indicative of ser (to be)



    yo soy

    I am


    you (informal, singular) are

    usted es

    you (formal, singular) are

    él / ella es

    he / she is

    nosotros / nosotras somos

    we are

    vosotros / vosotras sois

    you (informal, plural) are

    ustedes son

    you (formal, plural) are

    ellos / ellas son

    they are

    Uses of ser

    1. Identification

    ¿Quién es ella? / Who is she?
    - Ella es mi hermana. / She is my sister.
    ¿Qué es esto? / What is this?
    - Es un diccionario. / It is a dictionary.

    2. Origin and nationality

    Yo soy de Panamá. / I am from Panamá.
    Yo soy panameña. / I am Panamanian.

    3. Personality and physical characteristics

    Yo soy simpático / antipático. / I am nice / mean.
    Ella es inteligente / no es inteligente. / She is intelligent / is not intelligent.
    Nosotros somos activos / no somos activos. / We are active / are not active.
    Ellas son atléticas / no son atléticas. / They are athletic / are not athletic.
    4. Professions

    Nosotros somos estudiantes. / We are students.
    Ellos son profesores. / They are professors.

    5. Possessions (with de)

    ¿De quién es el libro? / Whose book is this?
    El libro es de María. / It is María’s book. (Literally, it is the book of María.)

    6. Time/hourEs la 1:00 de la tarde. / It is 1:00 p.m.
    Son las 2:00 de la tarde. / It is 2:00 p.m.
    7. Where and when an event takes place¿Dónde es la fiesta? / Where is the party?
    - La fiesta es en el restaurante La Salsa. / The party is at La Salsa restaurant.
    ¿Cuándo es la fiesta? / When is the party?
    - Es en diciembre. / It is in December.

    Photo of a high school classroom, students in blue uniforms with hands raised, teacher at front calling on student
    "Somos de Barrio. Los Estudiantes. Arenoso. Rafael Arias" by Gobierno Danilo Medina is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.


    Use the following link to hear the forms of ser pronounced in Spanish:

    Introductory Spanish I - El verbo ser

    Actividades de comunicación

    Actividad 1. Identifications.

    Work in pairs taking turns. Ask what each object is and let your partner answer the question. (All images in this activity are sourced from openclipart.org, licence CC-PD.)

    1. Calculator
    1. Laptop
    1. Backpack
    1. Chair
    1. Notebook
    1. Door
    1. Pencil
    1. Window
    1. Drawing of three people

    Actividad 2. Nationalities.

    Work in pairs taking turns. Using the map below as a guide, ask where each person is from and let your partner answer the question.

    Map of countries of South America with names superimposed: Tomás in Venezuela, Ana e Isabel in Colombia, Nosotros in Perú, Tú in Paraguay, Adela in Chile, Fernando y María in Argentina
    The original image by Haylli is licensed under CC BY.

    Actividad 3. Professions.

    Work in groups of four or more. One member will perform a profession and the rest will guess what it is.

    Possible professions:
















    taxi driver




    construction worker



    Actividad 4. Possessions.

    Work in pairs taking turns. Say to whom these things belong. (All images in this activity are sourced from openclipart.org, licence CC-PD.)


    Stack of books


    1. Calculator

      La mujer
    1. Two laptops

      El hombre
    1. Backpack

      El chico
    1. Rows of chairs

      Los estudiantes
    1. Notebook

      La chica
    1. Pencil

      La profesora
    1. Trash can

      Mi compañero/a de cuarto


    Map of Medellín, Colombia


    The information found on this page, when not created by us, is adapted from:

    This content is provided to you freely by EdTech Books.

    Access it online or download it at https://edtechbooks.org/ventanas/ser.