CoverIntroductionWhy Is Wellbeing Important in Schools?What is Wellbeing?Considerations: How Does Wellbeing Function in LifeA Measure Suited for Your SchoolEthical ConsiderationsNecessary PermissionImplementationApplication of DataMeasures of Child Wellbeing Gratitude MeasuresWarwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being scale (WEMWBS)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children (PANAS-C)EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-beingSix Seconds Youth Version (SEI-YV)Measures of Child Wellbeing at SchoolChildren’s Hope ScaleMultidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS)Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS)The Stirling Children's Well-being Scale (SCWBS)Me and My Feelings (M&MF)Me and My School Questionnaire (M&MS)Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (SSWQ)The Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) (Adapted)Social Emotional Health Survey-Primary (SEHS-P)The School Attitude QuestionnaireThe PedsQL Measurement Model Social Emotional Health Survey-Secondary (SEHS-S)The Student Resilience Survey (SRS)Holistic Student Assessment (HSA)Flourishing at School Survey (FAS)Measures of Adult WellbeingSubjective Happiness Scale (SHS)The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWL)Contentment with Life Assessment Scale (CLAS)Flourishing Scale (FS)The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ)Comprehensive and Brief Inventory of Thriving (CIT & BIT)Mental Health Continuum Short and Long Form (MHC-SF)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)The PERMA ProfilerMeasures of Adult Wellbeing at WorkTeacher Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (TSWQ)Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS)The Workplace PERMA-ProfilerJob Satisfaction Survey (JSS)The Gallup Q12 Employee Engagement Questionnaire The PERMAH Workplace Survey Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ)Maslach Burnout Inventory: Educator's Survey (MBI-ES)Measures of Cultural WellbeingSchool Culture Triage SurveyMy Class Inventory-Short Form (MCI-SF)School-Level Environment Questionnaires (SLEQ)The Omnibus T-ScaleMy Class Inventory-Short Form for Teachers (TMCI-SF)Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ)ED School Climate Surveys (EDSCLES)Student Engagement Instrument (SEI)Classroom Environment ScaleOther Resources
Assessing Wellbeing in Schools

Gratitude Measures

This measure is for childrenThis is a free measure

Measuring gratitude in children is difficult, as many researchers believe that gratitude isn’t fully developed until a child is 7 to 10 years old depending on environmental and individual factors (Froh et al., 2011). However, gratitude is linked to positive emotions, healthy functioning, and adaptive social behaviors. In addition, measuring gratitude, life satisfaction, and hope can provide a unique chrono-perspective on wellbeing. Gratitude focuses on past wellbeing, life satisfaction deals with current wellbeing, and hope refers to wellbeing directed at the future. For these reasons, gratitude should be considered as a relevant facet of wellbeing.

Researchers have looked at three adult gratitude measures and considered their efficacy with children: the Gratitude Questionnaire-6 (GQ-6), the Gratitude Adjective Checklist (GAC), and the Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test (GRAT). Their research provided “preliminary support . . . for the use of the GQ-6, GAC, and GRAT-short form with 14- to 19-year-olds, with one small exception: The GAC demonstrated lower correlations with NA in this study” (Froh et al., 2011, p. 320). They recommended that researchers exclude Item 6 when using the GQ-6 with youth. The GRAT short-form should not be used with 10-13-year-olds. The GQ-6 has 6 items, the GAC has 3 items, and the GRAT has 44 or 16 items depending on form. All scales are rated on a Likert scale and require the proper permission and citation for use. 

Pros for Schools

Cons for Schools

Can be combined with life Satisfaction and hope  measures to provide a 3-pronged chronological view of wellbeing: gratitude as a past-oriented perspective, life satisfaction as a present-oriented perspective, and hope as a future- oriented perspective of wellbeing.

Researchers recommend using multiple measures to gain information on one facet of wellbeing

Suggestions for Further Research

Froh J. J., Fan J., Emmons R. A., Bono G., Huebner E.S., Watkins P. (2011). Measuring gratitude in youth: Assessing the psychometric properties of adult gratitude scales in children and adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 23(2), pp. 311–324.

MIDSS (date). The Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ-6). Measurement Instrument Database for the Social Sciences

MIDSS. Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test (GRAT) (Revised GRAT and Short Form GRAT). Measurement Instrument Database for the Social Sciences,


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