CoverIntroductionWhy Is Wellbeing Important in Schools?What is Wellbeing?Considerations: How Does Wellbeing Function in LifeA Measure Suited for Your SchoolEthical ConsiderationsNecessary PermissionImplementationApplication of DataMeasures of Child Wellbeing Gratitude MeasuresWarwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being scale (WEMWBS)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children (PANAS-C)EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-beingSix Seconds Youth Version (SEI-YV)Measures of Child Wellbeing at SchoolChildren’s Hope ScaleMultidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS)Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS)The Stirling Children's Well-being Scale (SCWBS)Me and My Feelings (M&MF)Me and My School Questionnaire (M&MS)Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (SSWQ)The Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) (Adapted)Social Emotional Health Survey-Primary (SEHS-P)The School Attitude QuestionnaireThe PedsQL Measurement Model Social Emotional Health Survey-Secondary (SEHS-S)The Student Resilience Survey (SRS)Holistic Student Assessment (HSA)Flourishing at School Survey (FAS)Measures of Adult WellbeingSubjective Happiness Scale (SHS)The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWL)Contentment with Life Assessment Scale (CLAS)Flourishing Scale (FS)The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ)Comprehensive and Brief Inventory of Thriving (CIT & BIT)Mental Health Continuum Short and Long Form (MHC-SF)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)The PERMA ProfilerMeasures of Adult Wellbeing at WorkTeacher Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (TSWQ)Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS)The Workplace PERMA-ProfilerJob Satisfaction Survey (JSS)The Gallup Q12 Employee Engagement Questionnaire The PERMAH Workplace Survey Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ)Maslach Burnout Inventory: Educator's Survey (MBI-ES)Measures of Cultural WellbeingSchool Culture Triage SurveyMy Class Inventory-Short Form (MCI-SF)School-Level Environment Questionnaires (SLEQ)The Omnibus T-ScaleMy Class Inventory-Short Form for Teachers (TMCI-SF)Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ)ED School Climate Surveys (EDSCLES)Student Engagement Instrument (SEI)Classroom Environment ScaleOther Resources

Holistic Student Assessment (HSA)

This measure is for childrenThis is a priced measure

This assessment was developed at The PEAR Institute: Partnerships in Education and Resilience at McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Based on The PEAR Institute’s Clover Model, a developmental process theory by PEAR Director Gil Noam, this assessment focuses on the balance between active engagement, assertiveness, belonging, and reflection. Consistent with these categories, the HSA is a youth self-report survey that assesses students’ social emotional strengths and challenges across three domains: resiliencies (action orientation, emotional control, assertiveness, trust, empathy, reflection, and optimism); relationships (relationships with peers, relationships with adults); and learning and school engagement (learning interest, critical thinking, perseverance, academic motivation, and school bonding). With this coverage the HSA provides an extensive overview of the student’s social and emotional development.


The HSA has both a long and a short version. The long version, consisting of 61 items (measuring scales from all three domains (resiliencies, relationships, and learning and school engagement) requires 20 minutes administration time. The short version, HSA Core, consists of 30 items (measuring only the resiliency domain) and can be administered in 10 minutes. Both versions are reliable and valid. For more specific information on its reliability and validity, RAND lists several studies which detail their specific findings. The HSA is appropriate for Grades 3-12 and is available in 14 different languages. A per-student survey fee is required for use, and “cost of survey implementation depends on number of participants and wraparound training services requested by the school or program” (Access Assessment Guide). Scores are analyzed by The PEAR Institute and are returned within one week as online access to a secure, dynamic data dashboard containing individual student portraits and an aggregate dashboard for school, program, or school district. “Scores are compared to national norms by age and gender for youth ages 9 to 18” (Access Assessment Guide). The images to the right are a sample portrait and dashboard.


Pros for Schools

Cons for Schools

Has a long and a short version
Reliable and valid
Includes Grades 3-12
Available in 14 different languages (more upon request)
Scores compared to national norms
Scores returned within one week of administration

Long version requires 20 minutes to complete (61 items)
Requires purchase

Images in this sections are used with permission by The PEAR Institute 

Suggestions for Further Research

Allen, P. J., Thomas, K., Triggs, B., & Noam, G. (2017). The Holistic Student Assessment (HSA) technical report. The PEAR Institute: Partnerships in Education and Resilience.

The PEAR Institute (n.d.). Holistic student Assessment.

Malti, T., Zuffianò, A., & Noam, G. (2017). Knowing every child: Validation of the Holistic Student Assessment (HSA) as a measure of social-emotional development. Prevention Science.

Measuring SEL. (n.d.). Access assessment guide: Holistic Student Assessment (HSA). 

Noam, G., Malti, T., & Guhn, M.  (2012). From clinical-developmental theory to assessment: The Holistic Student Assessment tool. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 6(2), 201–213.

Noam, G.G., & Triggs, B. (2018) The clover model: A developmental process theory of social-emotional development. 

RAND. (n.d.). Holistic Student Assessment (HSA). 


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