CoverIntroductionWhy Is Wellbeing Important in Schools?What is Wellbeing?Considerations: How Does Wellbeing Function in LifeA Measure Suited for Your SchoolEthical ConsiderationsNecessary PermissionImplementationApplication of DataMeasures of Child Wellbeing Gratitude MeasuresWarwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being scale (WEMWBS)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children (PANAS-C)EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-beingSix Seconds Youth Version (SEI-YV)Measures of Child Wellbeing at SchoolChildren’s Hope ScaleMultidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS)Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS)The Stirling Children's Well-being Scale (SCWBS)Me and My Feelings (M&MF)Me and My School Questionnaire (M&MS)Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (SSWQ)The Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) (Adapted)Social Emotional Health Survey-Primary (SEHS-P)The School Attitude QuestionnaireThe PedsQL Measurement Model Social Emotional Health Survey-Secondary (SEHS-S)The Student Resilience Survey (SRS)Holistic Student Assessment (HSA)Flourishing at School Survey (FAS)Measures of Adult WellbeingSubjective Happiness Scale (SHS)The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWL)Contentment with Life Assessment Scale (CLAS)Flourishing Scale (FS)The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ)Comprehensive and Brief Inventory of Thriving (CIT & BIT)Mental Health Continuum Short and Long Form (MHC-SF)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)The PERMA ProfilerMeasures of Adult Wellbeing at WorkTeacher Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (TSWQ)Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS)The Workplace PERMA-ProfilerJob Satisfaction Survey (JSS)The Gallup Q12 Employee Engagement Questionnaire The PERMAH Workplace Survey Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ)Maslach Burnout Inventory: Educator's Survey (MBI-ES)Measures of Cultural WellbeingSchool Culture Triage SurveyMy Class Inventory-Short Form (MCI-SF)School-Level Environment Questionnaires (SLEQ)The Omnibus T-ScaleMy Class Inventory-Short Form for Teachers (TMCI-SF)Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ)ED School Climate Surveys (EDSCLES)Student Engagement Instrument (SEI)Classroom Environment ScaleOther Resources
Assessing Wellbeing in Schools

Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS)

This measure is for adultsThis is a free measure

The SHS, which assesses self-perceptions of happiness, had its reliability and validity proven in 14 studies of adults, college students, and high school students (Lyubomirsky & Lepper, 1999, p. 137). This measure is based on the theoretical Happiness Pie Equation that attributes half of your potential happiness to your genes, ten percents to your life circumstances, and forty percent to your choices (Lyubomirsky, 2018).   It consists of four self-report questions.This theoretical equation for wellbeing has come under recent criticism for its research sources and its accuracy in allocating only 10% of happiness to result from life circumstances. Current research shows the percentage may be higher and may vary greatly depending on the individual. Similarly, this model has been criticized for being overly simplified (McQuaid, Brown, & Rohrer, 2018). However, how this criticism impacts the survey is still unknown.

  • Pros for Schools

Cons for Schools


Statement that only 10% of happiness is related to life circumstances is under review *

Suggestion for Further Research

Brown, N. J. L., & Rohrer, J. M. (2018). Re-slicing the “happiness pie”: A re-examination of the determinants of well-being. 

Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46, 137-155. 

*McQuaid, M. (host). (n.d.).Do we have the equation for happiness wrong? Podcast with Nick Brown [audio podcast episode].  In Making Positive Psychology Work. 

Lyubomirsky, S. (2020). Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS). 

Lyubomirsky., S. (2018). Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS). 


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